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Cities by Former Name

Name the cities that were formerly referred to by these names.
This refers to the English-language name. The native name might have remained unchanged
Quiz by Quizmaster
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First submittedJune 8, 2019
Last updatedJune 8, 2019
Times taken10,166
Rating4.54
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Old Name
Current Name
Constantinople
Istanbul
Leningrad
St. Petersburg
Peking
Beijing
Tenochtitlan
Mexico City
Saigon
Ho Chi Minh City
New Amsterdam
New York City
Bombay
Mumbai
Calcutta
Kolkata
Danzig
Gdańsk
Londinium
London
Old Name
Current Name
Madras
Chennai
Edo
Tokyo
Canton
Guangzhou
Stalingrad
Volgograd
Königsberg
Kaliningrad
Batavia
Jakarta
Léopoldville
Kinshasa
Christiania
Oslo
Smyrna
Izmir
Rangoon
Yangon
+1
level ∞
Jun 8, 2019
This was originally a quiz called "places that changed names". I decided to separate it into two, one for cities and one for countries.
+2
level 76
Jun 9, 2019
I didn't know that about Izmir, I thought there was still a place called Smyrna.
+3
level 68
Jun 9, 2019
No, it's the same city, although arguably what the Turks did to Smyrna (and its residents) was much more than a name change.
+3
level 75
Jun 9, 2019
The cause of the fire isn't clear. There are sources that says Greek soldiers started fire while retreating like in other cities in inner Aegean region like Usak, Manisa, Salihli etc. I've lived in Izmir all of my life and love the city. I wish that the Greek, Jewish, Armenian etc. population of the city didn't have to leave the city and we could live together but It isn't fair to say that Turks burnt the city down.
+1
level 68
Sep 8, 2019
The Greek army employed a scorched-earth policy during their retreat, an admittedly brutal move that was sometimes used in warfare to slow enemy advances or deprive them of supplies (see the burning of Moscow by Russians themselves in 1812). The Smyrna Catastrophe was completely different: The Greek army had almost completely left Anatolia already, the Turks had been in full control of Smyrna for a few days, the fire was set in a way and at a time aimed specifically at destroying the Greek and Armenian Quarters and leaving the Turkish Quarter unscathed, and the Turkish army not only did nothing to avert the disaster, but also massacred Greek civilians by the thousands. It is quite clear who and why set the fire. I too wish we could live in harmony and really appreciate you saying that, but for that we all need to accept the past and learn from it.
+1
level 75
Jun 9, 2019
Actually there are places called Smyrna in USA. One is in Georgia for example. But the city in Turkey is called Izmir for like a century now
+1
level 22
Aug 26, 2019
If a place exist; somewhere in the US there is a place named after
+5
level 69
Jun 9, 2019
Fun facts. Constantinople was never an official name of the city it was just a nickname. Official name was New Rome. Also Byzantine Empire was never a name of the country, its citizens never heard of it because it was made up afther the colapse of the Empire. Official name was Roman Empire.
+1
level 40
Jun 9, 2019
there is also Mauritsstad being renamed to Recife, in north east brazil after the portuguese retook brazilian land from dutch settlers. If you ever want to do a part two for cities or add more, id recommend that one, and also Frederikstadt renamed to João Pessoa, same context as the Recife one.
+1
level 38
Jun 9, 2019
Why won't this site use the proper name for old New York? It is Nieuw Amsterdam, not New Amsterdam. And, please do not use that tired old excuse that this is an English language quiz, for all the other place names are used in their original (or transliterated) form.
+7
level 70
Jun 10, 2019
Actually, most other old names are anglicized forms.
+3
level 35
Aug 20, 2019
We don't say Papua Niu Guinea even though that's the pidgin for it, I think since 'new' isn't really a part of the name, but a reference that it's being named after a previous city means a little less semantics are necessary.
+2
level 59
Aug 20, 2019
So new york is actually simply york? And newcastle is castle? And nova scotia is scotia? ANd ah new mexico is mexico? Yes the "new" in whatever form is the reference to the original city, but definitely part of the name!

And perhaps not in some, but in most cases with that intention from the start. Places are called after/in honor of existing places, not (usualy) the exact same name. Especially in cases of newly conquered/explored land.

"I hereby declare these lands, New Jetpunk!"

towns later established and/or playing a less important role in the settling often do have simple copies of names.

+1
level 56
Aug 20, 2019
No.
+2
level 68
Aug 20, 2019
"And please don't give me the correct answer to my question." FIFY.
+5
level 62
Jun 20, 2019
As you are updating this quiz anyway, why not add the capital formerly known as Astana?
+1
level 43
Aug 6, 2019
And Bujumbura
+5
level 44
Aug 6, 2019
Bujumbura never changed its name, Gitega is another city.
+5
level 42
Aug 20, 2019
Many of these places didn't really "change name", it's just that the English native speakers decided to spell it according to another transliteration or language: the Turks always called "Smyrna" "Izmir", just the English stopped calling it in Greek. The Polish always called "Danzig" "Gdansk", just the English stopped calling it in German.
+2
level 54
Aug 20, 2019
Yes it's true. That's the same name in other languages. Poles since always has been calling the city Gdansk and Germans are still calling Danzig, Breslau, Stettin etc. Polish people also has their own names of german city like Chociebuz for Cottbus, Norymberga for Nuremberg or Moguncja for Mainz.
+1
level 44
Aug 20, 2019
I second that.
+1
level 45
Aug 20, 2019
You should accept Ho Chi Minh as an answer for Ho Chi Minh City, didn't think I had to do the full name and then thought I was just wrong.
+1
level 65
Aug 20, 2019
Even "Ho Chi Min" without the last "h" works, so it works without "city" as well.
+1
level 39
Aug 21, 2019
Nice quiz! I have made a similar quiz with the country given as a hint Click here