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Countries by Lowest Recorded Temperature

Can you name the countries that have the lowest ever recorded temperatures?
According to this source. Records considered dubious are not included
Includes overseas territories
Quiz by Quizmaster
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Last updated: December 21, 2019
First submittedAugust 17, 2015
Times taken37,777
Rating4.72
4:00
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°C
°F
Country
-69.6
-93.3
Denmark (Greenland)
-67.7
-89.9
Russia
-62.8
-81.0
Canada
-62.1
-79.8
United States
-56.0
-68.8
Mongolia
-53.6
-64.5
Kyrgyzstan
-52.6
-62.7
Sweden
-52.3
-62.1
China
-52.2
-62.0
Afghanistan
-51.6
-60.9
Kazakhstan
-51.6
-60.9
Tajikistan
-51.5
-60.7
Finland
°C
°F
Country
-51.4
-60.5
Norway
-46.7
-52.0
Armenia
-45.6
-50.1
Turkey
-45.1
-49.2
North Korea
-43.5
-46.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina
-43.5
-46.3
Estonia
-43.2
-45.8
Latvia
-42.9
-45.2
Lithuania
-42.5
-44.5
Switzerland
-42.2
-44.0
Belarus
-42.2
-44.0
Czech Republic
+30
level ∞
Aug 17, 2015
Some countries may belong on this list but can't be listed because of lack of reliable data. Nepal seems like the most obvious candidate.
+13
level 73
Aug 18, 2015
Glad you cleared that up. I must have typed Nepal about 10 times during the course of the quiz.
+17
level 57
Sep 3, 2015
-50 degree F temps on Everest should be fairly well documented by highly reliable scientific expeditions to Nepal.
+7
level 21
Jan 20, 2016
Iceland is more obvious
+2
level 56
Jan 20, 2016
actually Iceland has a very mild winter thanks to all the geysers and volcanos
+38
level 70
Aug 2, 2016
Iceland does have a very mild winter for its northerly latitude, but it's nothing to do with volcanoes. It's due to it being an island and thus having an oceanic climate. In particular, Iceland lies in the path of the North Atlantic Current, which is a warm current moving water from warmer regions further south. Volcanic activity can have climate influences, but these are only observable with rare, very large eruptions that significantly increase particulate matter in the atmosphere such as the Tambora eruption in Indonesia in 1815. Additionally lower level volcanic activity does release, over prolonged periods, greenhouse gases, but these processes do not have any particular localised effect and occur over very prolonged periods.
+6
level 47
Jan 19, 2018
Iceland’s name, despite not being actually icy, was chosen by Vikings so that they could keep the land to themselves and named Greenland so that everybody would go there because that was icy.
+7
level 57
May 27, 2018
Insaniot that is not completely true as Iceland is in fact icy
+2
level 69
May 27, 2018
Actually the name 'Iceland' is an Anglicised spelling of 'Eisland' which just means 'Island'. The origin of the name has nothing to do with Ice, though English-speakers would probably not have continued to call it 'Iceland' if it had been a tropical island with no ice.
+11
level 66
Aug 20, 2018
You are SO close, Kahikatea, but still wrong. The word for "ice" in most Scandinavian languages IS actually "is." So, when Hrafna-Flóki named the island "Island," he was, in fact, calling it "Iceland." In Danish, to the best of my knowledge, the word "ø" is used for the English word "island," in Norwegian "øy," and in Swedish "ö." A Norwegian explorer who had happened upon Iceland even earlier than Flóki called it simply "Snæland" or "Snowland." Either way, Iceland was getting stuck with a chilly name.
+1
level 28
Apr 16, 2019
ice is "is" in norwegian. land is "land" in norwegian iceland=island in norwegian which means iceland. i got confused my self there.
+1
level 46
Aug 22, 2019
Land in Norwegian is country.
+1
level 56
Jul 12, 2017
Since this is featured, could you feature the state counterparts I made for hottest and coldest? Coldest: http://www.jetpunk.com/user-quizzes/175112/states-by-coldest-recorded-temperature Hottest: http://www.jetpunk.com/user-quizzes/175112/states-with-the-hottest-recorded-temperature
+2
level 58
Jul 14, 2017
interestingly enough, hawaii has the lowest highest temperature and the highest lowest temperature
+2
level 51
Sep 5, 2017
Well that's what comes from being an island and thus being tempered by water's incredible specific heat.
+1
level 77
Jan 18, 2018
Also from being volcanic islands with high enough elevation to snow. Kaua'i is amazing. Within 80 miles one can drive from snow and alpine forest through desert with cacti to warm, sunny beaches, and then to a rain forest.
+1
level 43
Jan 18, 2018
czech and bosnia?????????? how?????
+1
level 76
Sep 17, 2019
Air molecules slowed down.
+1
level 20
Feb 15, 2020
I thought Austria because it is nestled in the mountains for skiing and stuff
+2
level 63
Jan 18, 2018
I was shocked at Bosnia being on the list, right there on the Adriatic.
+1
level 36
Apr 15, 2019
bosnia (sarajevo) held winter olympics once.
+1
level 54
Jan 6, 2020
Bosnia is not right there on the Adriatic. 95% of it is separated from the Adriatic by Croatia and it's many mountains, stopping the warmer marine climate from reaching inland Bosnia
+1
level 60
Oct 24, 2018
I think many other countries should have been here, India, Iran, Pakistan might be here. And what about Chile and Argentina? I heard that it's pretty cold in the south.
+2
level 81
Aug 17, 2015
Laos? You sure about that one? Might want to go back and check your source.
+2
level 73
Aug 17, 2015
The quoted source has a lowest minimum for Laos of -3.3C.
+6
level ∞
Aug 18, 2015
Sorry Laos was supposed to be Latvia. Copied the wrong row of the spreadsheet.
+13
level 51
Sep 5, 2017
This has got to be one of my favorite mix-ups in a quiz
+1
level 43
Sep 5, 2017
It was pretty funny
+2
level 73
Aug 17, 2015
The -43C temperature for France was at Mont Blanc, which is on the Italian border and therefore should count for Italy as well? That measurement was taken, by the way, in 1893 at a summit weather station which was abandoned in 1909 after a crevasse opened up under it. We'll never know if it's gotten colder up there since then.
+3
level ∞
Aug 18, 2015
I decided to remove France since we are generally not counting old and possibly incorrect records.
+1
level 83
Aug 18, 2015
I can't believe I totally forgot China.
+3
level 84
Aug 19, 2015
WTF Turkey? I turn my back for one minute and you switch from a Mediterranean climate to one of the coldest places on Earth? Well, to heck with you, Turkey! To heck with you!
+1
level 62
Sep 14, 2015
china would be the same
+8
level 71
Mar 17, 2017
China actually has a really varied range of climates. It's almost 4,000 km from north to south, which is about the same latitude difference as between Edmonton and Mexico City, or Helsinki and Dubai. Considering that parts of Northeast China butt up right against Siberia, it's not really surprising that they're on this list.
+1
level 63
Jan 18, 2016
I'm surprised too. I tried some central European countries that seemed possible even though not a first choice (like Czech Republic). I'm not very familiar with the whole landscape situation in Turkey though. Maybe there's a high peak somewhere.
+3
level 47
Jan 18, 2016
Well considering Anatolia is full of mountains and that Turkey borders the Caucasus mountains, it is not strange its consideration on the list.
+1
level 43
Jan 18, 2018
the mountains of ararat in the east are pretty high
+1
level 46
Mar 12, 2017
Turkey is rich climate country.
+1
level 69
Sep 22, 2015
Surprised Iceland isn't on here
+1
level 48
Sep 22, 2015
Why? It's an island way out in the ocean and right in the way of the gulfstream. It never gets that cold there (and neither very hot).
+1
level 76
Nov 28, 2015
You wouldn't be if you went there.
+3
level 63
Jan 18, 2018
Iceland and Greenland should trade names.
+2
level 43
Jan 18, 2018
dude both names were on purpose iceland to scare them off, greenland to invite them in...
+1
level 60
Jan 18, 2018
Eric the Red named it Iceland in order to scare people off from settling there, in order to control more of it for himself.
+1
level 28
Apr 16, 2019
I am pretty sure Eric found greenland and Ingolfr Arnarson found iceland. But yeah, the rest is correct.
+1
level 51
Sep 22, 2015
Great quiz - but could specify that these are not necesarrily at sea level because I kept wondering that?
+1
level 59
Sep 22, 2015
I guess every other answer, give up and suddenly North Korea! You have to wonder where the cold part is and how reliable the data is.
+1
level 77
Jan 18, 2016
In the north? Daily average high temperatures in Pyongang in January are under zero. Not so hard to imagine the temperatures in the highlands and certainly in the mountainous areas which cover most of North Korea to be this low.
+1
level 20
Feb 15, 2020
I didn’t think North Korea would have reliable data
+2
level 47
Sep 22, 2015
People who have not slept outside in -35C or colder know nothing about life. My coldest nights are -40C with fire and -37C without fire.
+15
level 45
Oct 16, 2015
What a true hero you are. If only we could all be more like you
+7
level 80
Dec 22, 2015
*Know nothing about *frostbite *necrosis *gangrene *hypothermia
+14
level 78
Jan 18, 2016
You might know more about life but I still have all my toes.
+1
level 62
Jan 18, 2016
rofl
+4
level 58
Jan 18, 2016
Your fire is broken.
+8
level 48
Jan 19, 2016
People who have not slept outside in -35C or colder know enough about life not to do that. Seriously, that's just a stupid thing to do.
+2
level 43
Jan 18, 2018
heehee watching all you guys play around with perfect celsius numbers....gotta love fahrenheit!
+2
level 43
Jan 18, 2018
lol where do you live?
+1
level 55
Jan 13, 2016
Very surprised to see Turkey right behind Norway...
+1
level 77
Jan 18, 2016
Huge country. Most of it is pretty hot, but Eastern Anatolia gets very cold. Combined with the very high elevations it's not such a stretch of the imagination to have it included. Norway has a reasonably warm climate for such a northern location, mostly thanks to the gulf stream.
+1
level 78
Jan 18, 2016
mountains
+5
level 80
Jan 18, 2016
Serbia...nope, Croatia...nope. I guess I won't bother trying the rest of the former Yugoslav Republics...D'oh!
+1
level 44
Jan 18, 2016
I was guessing Balkan countries, and then said, no, why did i even think it would be cold there.........
+1
level 62
Jan 18, 2016
Same
+1
level 72
Jan 19, 2018
At first, I was totally mystified by Bosnia. But then I thought, okay, well, mountains! So I looked up their mountains, and they haven't got a single one over 8000 feet. Therefore, I am still totally mystified by Bosnia.
+1
level 78
Jan 18, 2016
Got everything but, yeah, obviously, Nepal has seen much much lower temperatures than the Czech Republic.
+1
level 62
Jan 18, 2016
Interesting that the United States and China also appear on the highest recorded temperatures quiz...
+1
level 51
Jan 19, 2016
Typed Nepal and Bhutan actually more than once (even typed India for its mountainous parts). Could really not think of Bosnia and Czech Republic. Fun quiz though!
+1
level 21
Jan 20, 2016
Iceland? Where is it? Why isn't it on the list?
+2
level 45
Apr 30, 2016
Lowest temperature recorded there is just under -40 celsius, not low enough to make it on the list. Iceland isn't as cold as people think, since it's very coastal and not too elevated. The coldest places tend to be those inland and at high altitude.
+1
level 68
Apr 15, 2019
"Isn't as cold as people think"............. -40 celsius is pretty darn cold in my book.
+2
level 47
Jan 23, 2016
Antarctica?
+3
level 45
Apr 30, 2016
Not a country
+2
level 66
Dec 13, 2017
But this quiz contains overseas regions...
+1
level 67
Jan 18, 2018
Agreed @Zefyrinus
+2
level 66
Jan 18, 2018
Yes but Antarctica isn't anyone's territory. Yet.
+1
level 72
Jan 19, 2018
There is an international treaty in which everyone's promised not to "claim" Antarctica. So it's not even anyone's territory/ies. (I sure do hope it stays that way.)
+1
level 69
Oct 22, 2019
Suggest that the Quizmaster/Quiz author include a note to exclude Antarctic territories to avoid confusion and argument
+1
level 76
Jun 13, 2016
Quiz could also be called, "Countries I shouldn't retire to." Though admittedly some of these countries have warm climate areas, as well.
+1
level 53
Aug 9, 2016
drass region of kashmir,India also faces the bloody cold...may it goes down to -40 C ....don't know the reliable data though
+1
level 54
Mar 28, 2017
tried georgia and azerbaijan and assumed armenia wouldnt be there. i was wrong
+1
level 78
Jan 18, 2018
I tried all three but wondered why there was only one hit. Very strange!
+2
level 46
Jan 25, 2018
the only one that's landlocked
+1
level 51
Jun 8, 2017
Only missed Turkey.
+1
level 33
Jul 11, 2017
Cant belive i got all in both higest and lowest recored temerature quiz,except Kuwait and Denmark,the highest ones.
+1
level 54
Sep 5, 2017
Why is the Netherlands with the entire summer of 2017 not on the list?
+3
level 66
Dec 13, 2017
I love how the Baltic countries are listed in perfect north-to-south order.
+1
level 77
Jan 18, 2018
I hate how I forgot all three of them.
+2
level 70
Jan 18, 2018
Interesting range countries that happen to be at the extreme ends of the range on highest/lowest quality of life surveys. Any list that gets both Norway and North Korea is kind of interesting in that way!
+2
level 51
Jan 18, 2018
Seeing Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania all lined up in a row is the Jetpunker's version of /r/oddlysatisfying...
+1
level 36
Jan 18, 2018
i got all but one on the first try, makes me feel better that only 14% got Bosnia, I was typing more northern things in europe, switzerland and austria area. Also, Nepal should be on the list, but great quiz nonetheless!
+1
level 42
Jan 18, 2018
Got them all but Bosnia.
+1
level 37
Jan 18, 2018
Australia? New Zealand? France? Argentina? UK? Chile?
+2
level 72
Jan 19, 2018
What is this, free association? ;-) But seriously, the source is linked, the criteria explained. I checked your wish list of cold countries against the answers to this quiz, and it took me a mere 5 minutes to confirm that none of them make the cut (only France was close).
+1
level 33
May 16, 2018
Chile should be on the lowest and highest temperatures quiz because it is "chilly" and made of "chili"
+1
level 27
Jan 19, 2018
19/23 Great quiz. Missed Bosnia, turkey, armenia, and kyrgyzstan
+1
level 45
Jan 20, 2018
Italy, Germany and Iran should be on the list.
+1
level 73
Jan 21, 2018
1)did i forget to type czechia, or isn't it allowed as a type-in? pretty sure i thought of it at least.
2)i try afghanistan (score), pakistan (no score) and then automaticly dismiss all the other 'stans'
+1
level 20
Jan 21, 2018
I thought Russia held the record for the most coldest place in the world
+1
level 38
May 27, 2018
I typed in every country surrounding Bosnia and Herzegovina........and missed it *hits head*
+1
level 50
Jun 19, 2018
Nepal? Bhutan? India? Pakistan? Hmmmm not sure about this one
+2
level 46
Jun 19, 2018
Where's Limberwisk?
+1
level 63
Jul 5, 2018
This quiz made me wonder about the highest and lowest differences in recorded temperatures. ;)
+1
level 55
Aug 9, 2018
I was very surprised that Pakistan was not on the list. Could it be because the lack of data?
+1
level 78
Apr 15, 2019
probably
+1
level 41
Mar 22, 2019
Iceland
+2
level 58
Apr 15, 2019
Gulf stream
+1
level 38
Apr 15, 2019
I was one of the 2% that missed United States. I typed in US several times but never thought to try USA.
+1
level 46
May 31, 2019
WTF ! Czechia Bosnia and Afghanistan . WHAT
+1
level 78
Oct 22, 2019
Afghanistan is very mountainous. The Czech Republic is a pretty dubious inclusion and probably only makes the cut because several countries were omitted due to lack of good data.
+1
level 46
Sep 16, 2019
nice quiz, but forgot about switzerland duh.
+1
level 60
Oct 7, 2019
almost didn't write Denmark. Living here, I was like - it's never that cold... But when the time was running out and I was still missing 2, I wrote Denmark out of desparation and how surprised I was to hit the number one. Of course I completely forgot, that Greenland is also counted in this quiz :D
+1
level 26
Oct 22, 2019
North Korea LOL