Countries with the Most Immigrants

Try to name the countries that have the largest foreign-born populations.
2019 data. Source: United Nations via Wikipedia.
Also see by capita
Quiz by Quizmaster
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Last updated: March 28, 2021
First submittedMarch 30, 2014
Times taken54,854
Rating4.50
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Immigrants
%
Country
50.6 m
15.4
United States
13.1 m
15.7
Germany
13.1 m
38.3
Saudi Arabia
11.6 m
8.0
Russia
9.55 m
14.1
United Kingdom
8.58 m
87.9
United Arab Emirates
8.33 m
12.8
France
7.96 m
21.3
Canada
7.55 m
30.0
Australia
6.27 m
10.4
Italy
Immigrants
%
Country
6.01 m
13.1
Spain
5.88 m
7.0
Turkey
5.15 m
0.4
India
4.96 m
11.3
Ukraine
4.22 m
7.2
South Africa
3.71 m
20.0
Kazakhstan
3.64 m
5.2
Thailand
3.43 m
10.7
Malaysia
3.35 m
33.1
Jordan
3.28 m
1.5
Pakistan
+9
Level 82
Aug 8, 2018
Enjoyable,. I was struggling with a couple of answers and had to work out the overall population based on the hints given. This then gave me an idea of the size of the country and enabled me to have a better guess at them..
+5
Level 72
Aug 8, 2018
Does this include refugees? Could be specified (yes or no) at the beginning. I'm thinking of Lebanon, for example.
+3
Level 78
Aug 17, 2018
I guess it does, like all residents.
+1
Level 65
Oct 2, 2018
Lebanon doesn't even have 2.5+ million Syrian refugees.
+1
Level 84
Mar 28, 2021
No, but doesn't Mexico have lots of Central American folks trying to push through but settling in?
+3
Level 61
Aug 8, 2018
20/20 with 0:01 remaining =0
+6
Level 84
Aug 8, 2018
I'm guessing an update to 2018 would show several million Venezuelans now living in Colombia.
+2
Level ∞
Mar 28, 2021
Unfortunately, the UN is pretty inconsistent with how it calculates this stuff. Colombia should appear on this list but doesn't for some reason.
+1
Level 65
Oct 30, 2018
I wonder why Kazakhstan became so popular?
+11
Level 81
Oct 30, 2018
There were some serious famines in Kazakhstan under the Soviet Union resulting in large population displacements and a large Kazakh diaspora. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, many of these dispersed Kazakhs have been returning to Kazakhstan. There has also been a lot of immigration from the neighboring -stans to the south, especially Uzbekistan.
+7
Level 64
Nov 1, 2018
Kazakhstan is economically doing well too, there are probably more job opportunities than in other stan countries. Also, Borat.
+1
Level 72
Apr 1, 2019
Would Kazakhs who return to their country of origin actually be called immigrants?
+1
Level 62
Apr 1, 2019
They may be classified as such if they were just Soviet citizens previously. Some people must presumably have been given a nationality they didn't identify with following the collapse of the Soviet Union.
+1
Level 81
Sep 30, 2020
Yanni, yes, if they were residents of other countries when Kazakhstan declared independence and then became citizens of those countries, as many of them did. There were large numbers of Kazakhs living in Russia, in particular. Still are.
+2
Level 81
Oct 30, 2018
The entire UAE is almost 90% immigrants now? Wow.
+6
Level 26
Apr 17, 2020
Yeah, I am one of them. Even though I was born in the UAE and have lived here all my life, there is no possibility of citizenship. A sad situation really.
+1
Level 70
Oct 31, 2018
People go back and forth to DPRK quite often. There are a lot of children born to couples of mixed Chinese and Korean citizenship (of Korean ethnicity).
+1
Level 74
Oct 31, 2018
Why so many immigrants into the Ukraine? I read somewhere they have low wages, lower than China. Displacement from the war would be more internal than from external sources.
+2
Level 67
Nov 1, 2018
I would guess displaced Russians of Ukrainian descent, but I haven't looked into it.
+3
Level 81
Nov 2, 2018
I think it's similar to the answer I gave above for Kazakhstan.
+1
Level 71
Nov 17, 2018
The most important reason for Ukraine being here must be internal migration within the Soviet Union before its collapse.
+3
Level 85
Jan 8, 2019
It is really insane that China is not in this list.
+2
Level 89
Mar 6, 2019
Is it? Sure it's a big country, but their entrance policies aren't exactly welcoming.
+5
Level 81
Apr 1, 2019
I would say so. Yes, they're notoriously xenophobic, but having fewer immigrants in the entire country than Kuwait? That's pretty extreme. And probably not even accurate. I bet the source is counting China, Hong Kong, and Macau separately.

::does some sniffing around::

yep.. as I thought. If you add all 3 together the total number of immigrants in China is 4,149,980.

+1
Level 81
Apr 1, 2019
^this would actually put China above Thailand. Not sure if QM wants to update this, though. And further complicating things it might be that some of the immigrant population in Hong Kong and Macau are from mainland China and vice versa... but I bet they still beat out Kuwait.
+7
Level ∞
Mar 28, 2021
@kalbahamut. No, that's not correct. You can't count China, Hong Kong and Macau separately because the majority of those "immigrants" are internal. For example, a person born in mainland China who now lives in Hong Kong would be counted as an immigrant.

China has essentially no foreign-born population.

+1
Level 81
Apr 1, 2021
What did I say that was incorrect? You are disagreeing with the methodology of the source you cite for the quiz, not with me. And I raised the same potential disagreement myself. Doing some further digging and based on census data it looks like the total number of immigrants living in all Chinese territories that are not from other Chinese territories is about 1.5 million. So, less than the 3 million in Kuwait. Still quite far from "essentially none." Maybe you meant that my guess about this was incorrect.
+1
Level 53
Feb 9, 2020
Wow didn’t expect Kazakhstan. Missed Thailand too idk why
+1
Level 81
Sep 30, 2020
Thailand is a great place for expats. Probably the best in the world.
+1
Level 23
Feb 10, 2021
of course, we all got the USA