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History General Knowledge #10

Answer these random history questions.
Last updated: February 21, 2017
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Question
Answer
What English King fought in the Crusades and battled against Saladin?
Richard the Lionheart
What creature was used for the medical treatment of bloodletting?
Leeches
What notorious leader had a similar style mustache to Charlie Chaplin?
Adolf Hitler
What country was known as the CCCP in its own language?
USSR
What plant, imported from the New World, changed the face of Italian cooking?
Tomato
What composer died while composing a Requiem in 1791?
Wolfgang Amadeus
Mozart
What fur-trading company, founded in 1670, once owned about 1/3rd of Canada's land?
Hudson's Bay
Company
What was the de-facto state religion of the Achaemenid Persian empire?
Zoroastrianism
What type of craft was the Hindenburg?
Zeppelin
Who famously wore a pink Chanel suit and matching pillbox hat?
Jackie Kennedy
What country did Italy invade in 1935?
Ethiopia
In what year was gold discovered on Sutter's Mill in California?
1848
Who was killed in Sarajevo on June 28, 1914?
Franz Ferdinand
What German kingdom was ruled by Ludwig II, builder of the
famous Neuschwanstein castle?
Bavaria
What country was personally owned (and abused) by King Leopold of Belgium?
D.R. Congo
What Maoist economic program resulted in a famine that killed at least 20 million people?
Great Leap Forward
What city did the Nazis besiege for 872 days but never capture?
Leningrad
What group, established after WWI, was a failed predecessor to the United Nations?
League of Nations
What facial hair style was made famous by American Civil War general Ambrose Burnside?
Sideburns
What industrialist became the world's first dollar billionaire - thanks to his
monopoly on the US oil industry?
John D. Rockefeller
+1
level 63
Jan 9, 2015
Cool quiz, but the question about Jackie Kennedy doesn't accept just her last name as an answer.
+2
level 66
Jan 10, 2015
Thought the same thing. Tried Onasis as well, but didn't work either.
+1
level ∞
Jan 10, 2015
Fixed. Thanks.
+2
level 67
Jan 17, 2018
Tried Marge Simpson. Nothing!
+1
level 46
Mar 14, 2015
Why isn't her actual first name accepted?
+1
level ∞
Mar 15, 2015
Jacqueline Kennedy would have worked.
+1
level 77
Sep 3, 2015
But Jacqueline Bouvier doesn't...
+3
level 77
Sep 3, 2015
I do not accept the idea that a woman takes her husband's name. For me, the maiden name is the only true name.
+3
level 44
Sep 4, 2015
What's so pure and feminist about the maiden name...? It's the result of a woman's mother accepting her husband's name, and the mother's own maiden name was the result of some other mother accepting some other bod's name... and so on.
+1
level 77
Sep 4, 2015
The fact that the children usually get their father's name rather than their mother's is another problem. Anyway, here in Belgium, people now have the choice (but all siblings must get the same name). Belgium is also a country where most women, married or not, keep their maiden name (as was the case of my mother).
+3
level 60
Sep 4, 2015
Arp2600, thankfully you don't get to decide what people are called. If a woman wants to change her name, that's her right. No one is forcing anyone.
+3
level 37
Sep 5, 2015
Why do you not respect a woman's right to take her husband's name?
+1
level 77
Sep 6, 2015
It's a philosophical question that I'm not able to explain in English. Anyway, I do respect people, you don't need to be offensive... As for this question, I don't even ask for the showed answer to be changed, just to accept Bouvier.
+1
level 38
Jan 18, 2018
To be completely accurate (and pedantic), Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onassis should be accepted. Omit the fact that to many people, she was simply Jackie Kennedy and later, Jackie O.
+1
level 65
Jan 20, 2018
@Arp2600 while you may not subscribe to changing names, Jacqueline Kennedy did. She changed her name so the correct answer is based off HER decision to change her name, not yours. She was in fact LEGALLY called Jacqueline Kennedy at the time.
+1
level 49
Jan 23, 2018
I typed Jacqueline Kennedy and it didn't work
+1
level 55
Jan 27, 2015
Can you accept Stalingrad or Volgograd instead of Leningrad? During the WWII era, it was changed to Stalingrad, and now it's Volgograd, so it doesn't seem fair that you're calling it Leningrad.
+1
level 71
Jan 29, 2015
Stalingrad/Volgograd is a different city. Leningrad was (and is again) called St Petersburg. In between it was called Petrograd. Never Stalingrad.
+2
level 55
Jan 30, 2015
Agreed, it was my mistake. I got them confused because Stalingrad was also besieged in WWII, and was also famous for holding out for a long time. I think my eyes wandered over the 872 days part and just saw besieged.
+1
level 61
Feb 21, 2015
Stalingrad wasn't exactly besieged. The Germans never crossed the Volga, so supplies and reinforcements crossed the river in droves, although they were almost always attacked by German planes. The Germans were also pouring in reinforcements and trying to take the city. That's why it's called a battle and not a siege. At Leningrad, the Axis forces surrounded the city, dug in around it, and waited. That's a dictionary definition siege.
+1
level 36
Mar 17, 2017
Stalingrad became Volgograd and Leningrad became St. Petersburg
+1
level 67
Jan 17, 2018
Leningrad is clearly right for its question. But, in that case, D.R. Congo should be replaced by Congo Free State, shouldn't it?
+1
level 65
Jan 20, 2018
I disagree. Leopold did create Congo Free State, but it was only a colony and when tensions and anarchy came about, he took over the entire Country and it was called Belgian Congo. Now known as DR Congo.
+1
level 57
Apr 24, 2015
Can you include mutton chops as an answer for facial hair? It's describing a similar thing I feel.
+1
level 69
Feb 6, 2016
Agreed. That was my first try as well.
+3
level ∞
Feb 21, 2017
Mutton chop will work now, but I feel like its not out of line to expect a little lateral thinking from quiz takers. Burnside. Sideburns. The "correct" answer is obvious.
+1
level 40
Apr 30, 2015
Why not Zoroastrian? You'd call someone following it that
+1
level 67
Sep 9, 2015
Agreed.
+1
level ∞
Feb 21, 2017
Will work now
+2
level 72
Jan 17, 2018
Tried Zoroastrism, Zoroaster, Zarathustra... I hate it when that happens: almost knowing the answer and not getting it!
+1
level 75
Sep 3, 2015
Nitpicking: the correct answer should read Congo Free State (though Congo should still be accepted)
+1
level 43
Sep 3, 2015
Could you please accept Abyssinia for Ethiopia - the invasion is often referred to as the "Abyssinian Crisis" in history texts, and Abyssinia is an acceptable alternative to Ethiopian Empire.
+1
level 75
Sep 3, 2015
Easy. Only had to guess about the gold rush date, but it was close enough to "49ers" that it didn't take long.
+1
level 57
Sep 3, 2015
Can you accept Abyssinia for Ethiopia?
+1
level 58
Sep 3, 2015
Burnsides had mutton chops. He made the style popular and in the late 1870s, people started calling them "burnsides." It wasn't until after his death that the whiskers were known as "sideburns."
+2
level 55
Sep 4, 2015
The USSR was not called CCCP in Russian. The Cyrillic letters *look* that way to our eyes, but the correct name would be SSSR.
+1
level 65
Sep 10, 2015
Second that
+1
level 73
Apr 10, 2017
If it's written in Russian, it's CCCP, nothing wrong with the description.
+1
level 65
Jan 17, 2018
The CCCP part of the question is totally fine, but it should be just "CCCP" and not "the CCCP" since there is no article - definitely no definite one - in Russian, and even if there were one, it wouldn't be "the" since Russian has neither the "th" nor the "h" sound.
+1
level 75
Jan 18, 2018
The cyrillic letters look similar to roman letters but ponnuki is correct.
+1
level 60
Sep 4, 2015
Can you accept "zepplin"? I always forget that there's another E in there.
+1
level 53
Sep 4, 2015
How about muttonchops for Ambrose Burnside?
+2
level 76
Oct 28, 2015
Is sideburns not the most obvious answer... considering his name??
+1
level 54
Sep 7, 2015
Todd: "... Mutton chops or goatee?" Guard: "Uhhhh, mutton chops my lord?" Todd: "No, shoot yourself in the head".
+2
level 39
Jan 27, 2017
why isn't onassis acceptable for jackie kennedy? legally her last name was onassis at time of death
+3
level 77
Jan 17, 2018
This quiz is sparking a really stupendous display of pedantry.
+1
level 41
Jan 17, 2018
Right? Do people honestly try last names other than Kennedy, or country names other than Ethiopia or Congo?
+1
level 64
Jan 17, 2018
Well, I think Congo and Kennedy are just automatic but for the other I did type in Abyssinia as my first answer. That's just what I learned that event as whenever it was I came across it.
+1
level 77
Jan 19, 2018
I actually tried Bouvier today ;). Still not accepted, that's pretty lame...
+1
level 42
Feb 21, 2018
Dirgible should be allowed for the Hindenburg question.
+1
level 78
Jun 5, 2018
I always wonder what Italian cuisine was like before the tomato. Seems hard to imagine today.
+1
level 67
Jun 7, 2018
"Hudson" is not acceptable? Not even "Hudson bay company"! Really?