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History of Ireland Quiz

Can you answer these questions about the history of Ireland?
Includes both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland
Quiz by Quizmaster
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First submittedJanuary 24, 2019
Last updatedMarch 18, 2019
Times taken5,372
Rating4.23
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Answer
What group of people migrated to Ireland starting around 500 BC?
The Celts
What stick-based Irish sport has roots that go back at least 2000 years?
Hurling
According to tradition, what saint introduced Christianity to Ireland in the year 432?
St. Patrick
What group of people first raided the island in 795 - and later settled in Dublin?
The Vikings
What was the name of the small area around Dublin that was under direct
English control during the Middle Ages?
The Pale
What English king added "King of Ireland" to his titles in 1542?
Henry VIII
What English leader brutally reconquered Ireland from 1649 - 1651, earning the
eternal hatred of many Irish people?
Oliver Cromwell
What Dublin brewery opened in 1759?
Guinness
What group, founded in 1795, is a Masonic-style organization devoted
to the Protestant cause?
Orange Order
What 19th century leader, nicknamed "The Liberator", campaigned for
Catholic rights and Irish independence?
Daniel O'Connell
What crop failed in the 1840s, causing the Great Irish Famine?
Potatoes
What country received nearly 4 million Irish immigrants in the 1800s?
United States
What famous ocean liner was christened in Belfast in 1911?
RMS Titanic
What Irish novelist published "Ulysses" in 1922?
(it was censored in Ireland until the 1960s)
James Joyce
The IRA were terrorists to some and freedom fighters to others. What do
the letters IRA stand for?
Irish Republican Army
What was the nickname for the violence in Northern Ireland that started in the 1960s?
The Troubles
What did Ireland legalize in 2019 that was already legal in most European countries?
Abortion
+7
level 69
Jan 24, 2019
PotatoEs
+5
level ∞
Jan 25, 2019
Pulled a Quayle, lol
+1
level 56
Mar 17, 2019
Didn't do very well on this quiz. 11/17
+1
level 77
Mar 17, 2019
You can't be a terrorist to some and freedom fighters to others unless one of these two groups is using a bad definition of the word terrorism. Terrorism is a tactic whereby you willfully target random civilians or public property without real strategic value so as to instill fear in the general populace that they or something they value could be hurt next, enough so that due to that fear these people will put pressure on their leaders to change public policy. Either you do it or you don't do it, doesn't matter if you think the side doing it is in the right or not (though if you believe that intentionally killing random civilians is justified then you are probably a horrible person, regardless of what the cause is).

This idea that any person or group can be terrorist to some, freedom fighter or patriot to others, is an awful meme that has contributed toward the widespread confusion people have about what terrorism actually means. It's not a pejorative it's a specific tactic.
+3
level 58
Mar 18, 2019
Certain Protestant-hating Catholics primarily viewed the IRA as freedom fighters. That doesn't change the fact that they're terrorists but they weren't viewed as terrorists primarily by these select few which I'm sure was the intended meaning behind the question.
+1
level 77
Mar 17, 2019
All of that being said, is the IRA a terrorist organization? It's a little bit murky because most if not all of the IRA leadership actually denounced terrorism, preferring to target police, military, and political leadership specifically over random civilians or public property. Which is not terrorism. Also, if they specifically targeted Protestants in Ireland over Catholics, that could just be a hate crime, also not terrorism. However, it was definitely part of their plan to generate broad public support for their political goals, and to that end they became pretty indiscriminate about who ended up getting killed or wounded. If you rope in all of the people ever affiliated with the group, some of whom did intentionally target civilians in a somewhat random fashion, then, yes, they were terrorists.
+1
level ∞
Mar 18, 2019
I think you've explained it perfectly. Some people in the IRA were definitely terrorists in that they killed indiscriminately. Others were more principled. Taken together, it's possible for some people to see them as freedom fighters and others to see them as terrorists. I'd lean more towards terrorists personally. But having visited Ireland, it's almost inconceivable how they could be so terrible. The people in Ireland were absolutely charming - probably the nicest of any country I've ever been too.
+1
level 77
Mar 18, 2019
I guess it just depends on whether or not you believe the entire organization should be held accountable for the actions of all those associated with it or not. Personally I believe they should, as I don't think they were aggressively distancing themselves from those who were behaving as terrorists. If they had been we could label them rogue actors. This can be a problem with any large group that lacks strong, centralized leadership.
+1
level 77
Mar 19, 2019
btw, Quizmaster, the link you included goes to an article about an attack carried out by the INLA, which was a group founded by former IRA members who thought the IRA was not militant enough. Not quite the same thing and they were worse and more obviously terrorists.
+2
level 58
Mar 18, 2019
Terrorism isn't exclusively terrorising civilians. If it instils terror by killing a civilian or a government agent, it's still terrorism.
+1
level 77
Mar 19, 2019
No, it's not. Terrorism is not best defined as "that which is scary." This is an incredibly bad misuse of the word but given that the term gets misused *a lot*... over time I'm sure it will eventually lose all meaning. I'm going to keep reminding people of what it is supposed to mean until then, though. If we defined it your way then targeted assassination, blowing up bridges, shooting down war planes, and in fact almost ANY action could be defined as terrorism.
+1
level 77
Mar 19, 2019
When the Allies landed at Normandy... do you think some German agents stationed in France may have felt scared by this? Maybe the Germans manning one machine gun nest on Omaha beach looked over and saw the one further down the beach hit by a grenade. If the Germans in that machine gun nest felt terror, was it then an act of terrorism? This is just a catastrophic misuse of the term.
+1
level 77
Mar 19, 2019
Tell me how you would define guerilla or partisan warfare, or armed resistance to an occupation, so as to specifically not qualify as terrorism. Because the definition I offered up differentiates between the two easily. If you can't do that, then you've effectively rendered the term terrorism meaningless and there's no need for it. Bear in mind that EVERY such action could potentially impact morale of either those in command or the rank-and-file soldiers or police force, and often are even designed to. But such tactics go back as far as recorded history goes back and have never been called terrorism until people started over applying the term recently.
+6
level 68
Mar 17, 2019
The last one made me sad
+2
level 51
Mar 17, 2019
Ikr, I always imagined Ireland as the last bastion of traditional Catholics in Europe but it seems not true now :(
+3
level 58
Mar 18, 2019
If the "last bastion of Catholicism" in Europe means supporting medieval ethics and ideals, I think society is much better off without that "last bastion."
+1
level 45
Mar 18, 2019
Honestly thank goodness they aren't anymore
+2
level 61
Mar 21, 2019
So, AncientAutomation, it's intersting that you would imply being against abortion is a medieval ideal. In medieval times, brutality and needless killing were commonplace. Abortion certainly fits that description. In this day and age, we call ourselves "enlightened" and yet we turn around and kill our own out of a matter of convenience. To make matters worse, these unborn babies have done nothing to deserve this, nor do they have a means to speak out on their own behalf.
+1
level 16
Mar 17, 2019
same. I am surprised so little people did not get hurling
+2
level 76
Mar 17, 2019
Curling is the closest I came to it, but I knew that wasn't quite right.
+1
level 63
Mar 17, 2019
I thought hurling was a Scottish thing. Learned something today!
+1
level 56
Mar 22, 2019
The game played in Scotland is called shinty. Shinty and hurling are similar.
+2
level 69
Mar 17, 2019
And, as is so often the case with these quizzes, I got sucked down a rabbit hole on Wikipedia, and learned that "beyond the pale" (outside of the bounds of what is considered acceptable/civilized) comes from the Pale--i.e., if you went beyond the boundary or fence that delineated the English-ruled area, you were going outside the rules and bounds of "proper civilization."
+1
level 56
Mar 22, 2019
I always think allowing kings and queens without the regnal number makes it a little too easy, especially on country-specific quizzes. Plenty of Kings Henry have meddled in Ireland, so it's not really testing one's knowledge.
+1
level 56
Jul 15, 2019
The Abortion vote in Ireland took place May 2018, and came into effect in September 2018, when the revised constitution was drawn up.
+1
level 47
Oct 11, 2019
14/17. Couldn't think of the last one. Was kicking myself when I saw the answer