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The 15th Century Quiz

Based on the clues, guess these notable facts from 15th century history.
Quiz by Quizmaster
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First submittedMarch 31, 2014
Last updatedJuly 27, 2016
Times taken17,039
Rating4.25
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Year
Description
Answer
1455-1502
This Spanish family produces two Popes, notorious for vice and corruption
Borgia
1497
This Portuguese explorer sails from Europe to India
Vasco da Gama
1494
First evidence of this "water of life" in Scotland
Scotch Whisky
1492
This explorer "discovers" the New World
Christopher Columbus
1490
This artist draws "The Vitruvian Man"
Leonardo da Vinci
1487
The Duke of Bavaria makes laws concerning the purity of this substance
Beer
1485
This hunchbacked King of England meets his end at the Battle of Bosworth
Richard III
1455-1487
The houses of Lancaster and York fight this war for the English crown
War of the Roses
1469
This country is united after Ferdinand of Aragon marries Isabella of Castille
Spain
1448-1476
This Wallachian ruler becomes infamous for impaling enemies
Vlad the Impaler
1453
This city is captured by the Turks, ending the Byzantine empire
Constantinople
1450
Johannes Gutenberg invents this device (although it already existed in China)
Printing Press
1431
This female French warrior is burned by the English
Joan of Arc
1405-1433
This country launches a "treasure fleet" of over 300 ships
dispensing gifts throughout the Indian Ocean
China
1430
Norse settlements on this island collapse with no survivors
Greenland
1415
Despite great odds, Henry V defeats the French at this famous battle
Battle of Agincourt
1406-1420
The Forbidden City palace is built in this capital
Beijing
1400's
This sport is invented in Scotland
Golf
1400's
This giant bird is driven to extinction by Maori hunters in New Zealand
Moa
1400's
The Medici family become de-facto rulers of this city
Florence
+2
level 83
Apr 1, 2014
Ah, beer and whisky. The 1400s will always be remembered fondly.
+1
level 50
Jun 24, 2014
Istanbul was Constantinople, now it's Istanbul, not Constantinople, been a long time gone, no Constantinople, still, it's Turkish Delight on a moonlit night. What?
+1
level 75
Jul 30, 2014
Why did they change it?
+1
level 65
Jul 31, 2014
People just liked it better that waaaaaay!
+1
level 46
Nov 12, 2016
It got changed because of the Young Turk Revolution of 1908, it got changed in 1922 when Turkey became a republic. Basically the goal was to nationalise Turkey, and to "Turkify" all conquered cities and minorities.
+3
level 67
Feb 23, 2018
Perhaps, but that's nobody's business but the Turks.
+2
level 71
Feb 10, 2017
We will retake Constantinople from Sultan Erdogan once we launch the tenth crusade.
+1
level 51
Jun 26, 2014
It is spelled "whisky" in Scotland.
+1
level ∞
Jun 26, 2014
Fixed
+2
level 55
Jun 26, 2014
You do know that Richard III wasn't a hunchback, right? That's just propaganda used to justify the Tudor reign by making him into this horrible, ugly person.
+2
level ∞
Jun 26, 2014
They recently discovered his body. He had severe scoliosis. This doesn't make him evil, of course.
+2
level 71
Sep 18, 2014
Or a hunchback.
+1
level 54
Mar 29, 2015
Indeed. Scoliosis can be sideways, as his seems to have been, which would only make one shoulder higher than the other without affecting the front-back axis of the back.
+2
level 76
Oct 27, 2015
Those who have a "hunchback" usually have kyphosis, which is entirely different from scoliosis. It would be more accurate (and less insulting) to remove the reference to his condition.
+2
level 66
Apr 7, 2017
Because we definitely don't want to insult somebody who's been dead for 600 years
+1
level 71
Feb 10, 2017
You people nitpick everything. Just enjoy the quiz.
+1
level 54
Jul 18, 2014
In France the name is Azincourt, not Agincourt...
+1
level 32
Jul 28, 2014
Good job this quiz wasn't written in French then.
+2
level 77
Jul 30, 2014
There is no need to be sarcastic... after all, it's a french place, right? So, Agincourt is the ancient name of that place, that's how the English have always called it, while the name evolved in French. I would say Azincourt should be accepted, while the most correct answer in English is indeed Agincourt.
+1
level ∞
Jul 27, 2016
Azincourt will work now
+1
level 73
Nov 13, 2016
It's not an error though
+1
level 71
Feb 10, 2017
WHO CARES??? It has always been called Agincourt, and that is what everyone recognizes it as. You just complain because you want to seem smart.
+1
level 82
Jul 30, 2014
It is not accepting Jeanne d'Arc or even Jeanne Darc
+1
level 45
Jul 30, 2014
Yes, I noticed that and thought I am mistaken. Please, do accept that.
+1
level ∞
Jul 30, 2014
Okay, Jeanne will work now. FYI, punctuation never matters on JetPunk.
+1
level 71
Jul 30, 2014
How come Istanbul isn't acceptable?
+1
level 67
Jul 30, 2014
It's spelled "Vasco da Gama", and the quiz should accept "Borja" for Borgia, as that was their native Valencian name.
+2
level 43
Aug 1, 2014
I was disappointed that you didn't have anything about Prince Henry the Navigator.
+1
level 14
Aug 2, 2014
Nothing about the Hussite wars? Seriously? You gotta be kidding me...
+1
level 67
Nov 12, 2016
Nothing about Great Zimbabwe? Oh wait - that's Africa. Never mind.
+1
level 71
Feb 10, 2017
Africa has a history?
+2
level 76
Oct 27, 2015
Pretty sure it was the Wars of the Roses, not the War of the Roses.
+1
level 62
Nov 12, 2016
Moa is the least guessed??? FINALLY an easy one for me!!
+1
level 49
Nov 12, 2016
I have to agree with you on that.
+1
level 76
Nov 12, 2016
From your user name I'm guessing there is a reason it was easy for you. I can remember dodo but not moa. No idea why, but I always miss it on these quizzes.
+1
level 50
Nov 12, 2016
I do think the number should be required for English kings. Too easy to guess otherwise given how many Richards, Henrys, Edwards and Georges there were. And Richard III was not a hunchback - his skeleton proves it.
+1
level 76
May 22, 2017
It's also too easy to just start adding numbers in order to the names, so we could still easily get the correct answer without specific knowledge. If there were twenty or thirty of each name I might agree, but for the sake of time I'm for keeping it simple.
+1
level 60
Nov 12, 2016
It wasn't called Beijing back then. It was called Peaking.
+2
level 76
May 22, 2017
Thanks for the chuckle this morning.
+1
level 52
Oct 28, 2018
or maybe even Peking ?
+1
level 81
Nov 12, 2016
Why are there names in English for Munich and Moscow, but not Peking or Bombay? None of them are really close to the originals in the native language. Why are some changed and not others?
+1
level 59
Nov 13, 2016
It's just a change in cartographical conventions. English used to use Anglicised names for foreign places, but somewhere in the last few hundred years the convention changed to using "native" names. The other thing to remember is that sometimes the English name for a place preserves an older form that changed in the foreign language itself - so for example the English name "Florence" is closer to the Latin "Florentia" than the modern Italian "Firenze." Once upon a time it was the same word, but then language shifts happened and the words became further apart.
+1
level 68
Nov 14, 2016
"First evidence of" is a weird way to put it. It's not like Glenlivet was discovered in a cave.
+1
level 53
May 22, 2017
I don't think the air quotes you used in your title about Columbus fit here. While the Vikings were the first foreigners who discovered the Americas, it wasn't until Columbus landed in what is now the Bahamas that the world began to learn extensively of the Americas. Political correctness strikes again.
+1
level 67
Feb 23, 2018
Okay, but it's kinda weird to say he "discovered" it when millions of people had been living there for thousands of years.
+1
level 54
May 10, 2018
Accept Ming for China and Byzantium for Constantinople please
+1
level 79
Jul 16, 2018
So you tried "Ming" and it didn't work, but you didn't think to try "China"?