11th and 12th Century History

Based on the clues, guess these notable facts from the years 1001-1200.
Some dates approximate
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Last updated: December 4, 2019
First submittedApril 1, 2014
Times taken17,783
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Year
Description
Answer
1192
Shoguns replace emperors as the de-facto leaders of this country.
Japan
1189-1192
This Muslim leader resists the Third Crusade, earning the crusaders' respect.
Saladin
1189
This "lionheart" king is crowned in England.
Richard I
1187
This Chinese navigational device is first used in Europe.
Compass
1185
This device for grinding grain is first used in Europe.
Windmill
1170
Thomas Becket, archbishop of this city, is murdered
on orders from King Henry II.
Canterbury
1163
Construction begins on this famous Paris cathedral.
Notre Dame
1156
The Kremlin is constructed in this city. At first, it is merely a wooden wall.
Moscow
1099
The First Crusade comes to an end with the capture of this city.
Jerusalem
Early 1100s
This famous temple complex is built in Cambodia.
Angkor Wat
1096
First evidence of teaching at this University, England's oldest.
Oxford
1086
This book lists all the taxable property in England.
Domesday Book
1073
Construction begins on St. Mark's Basilica in this city.
Venice
1066
This Norman ruler conquers England.
William the Conqueror
1054
The church of Rome permanently separates from the church of this city.
Constantinople
1016
Cnut the Great, prince of this country, conquers England.
Denmark
1010
This oldest surviving copy of this epic Old English poem is written.
Beowulf
1001
Leif Ericson establishes settlements in this modern-day country.
Canada
+5
Level 56
Apr 26, 2014
It never actually occurred to me that windmills had a purpose...
+1
Level 53
Apr 30, 2014
Yeah, they were actually mills...for milling grain. And some for pumping water, as well.
+6
Level 44
Oct 5, 2014
I thought they were just there for crazy men with big noses to attack with lances...
+2
Level 37
Oct 8, 2014
I'm Dutch, and we simply call them mills, not windmills. I kept trying mill but it wouldn't accept it!
+2
Level 68
May 6, 2017
Yeah, i tried Mills too but it's still not an acceptable answer.m
+2
Level 69
Aug 23, 2017
Not all mills are windmills so the answer has to be specific.
+1
Level 61
Nov 4, 2019
Most mills in Netherlands aren't, they are wind pumps to manage the water levels.
+1
Level 61
Nov 4, 2019
I tried mill because that is what mill means, grind. I tried millstone, and pestle but no avail. I tried waterwheel but didn't think wind. Sigh
+1
Level 78
Aug 23, 2017
I think this clue would have been better if it had read, "This device used to power the grinding of grain is first used..." The windmill itself doesn't grind grain, it is the device which powers the device that grinds grain.
+1
Level 72
Aug 29, 2017
Naah, the windmill is the entire thing. The wind turns the blades which then transfer the energy to the grindstones. It's all one big specialized mechanism for the one purpose of grinding grain.
+1
Level 61
Nov 4, 2019
Yup. I tried water wheel but forgot wind. Many wind'mills' aren't mills at all but pumps for water management in low lying land.
+1
Level 55
May 19, 2014
I didn't know the Domesday Book was a real thing. I thought James Rollins made it up.
+1
Level 65
Aug 22, 2014
Angkor Wat is a temple in the complex of Angkor. You will need to reword the question, or change the answer.
+1
Level ∞
Nov 6, 2016
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angkor_Wat
+1
Level 36
Aug 23, 2017
A "better" website: http://civilization.wikia.com/wiki/Angkor_Wat_(Civ5)
+1
Level 79
Oct 5, 2014
100% but took a few guesses to get Venice. Please accept Salah ad-Din or Saleh ad-Din. Possibly also Salahuddin
+1
Level 83
Oct 6, 2014
Cnut is a strange way to spell what would be "Knut" in Danish or I think usually called "Canute" in English?
+1
Level 65
Jan 23, 2017
I've only seen Knut or Canute.
+2
Level 71
Aug 23, 2017
My dyslexic niece wrote an essay about King Cnut. It didn't turn out well.
+1
Level 65
Aug 23, 2017
Rufty - ROFL
+1
Level 57
Aug 23, 2017
Cnut is the standard way of spelling his name now in English, or at least it is in the literature on the period. It comes from the fact that that is how his name is spelled in original documents from the period, and is an anglicization of the Norse Knutr. Canute is a later "modernization" of the name.
+1
Level 58
May 13, 2016
Could you accept 'mill' for windmill please
+1
Level 67
Feb 23, 2018
But there were mills in Europe long before 1185. Watermills, for instance.
+1
Level 61
Nov 4, 2019
I tried water wheel.
+1
Level 71
Nov 12, 2016
Can you also accept gristmill?
+1
Level 71
Aug 23, 2017
Please can you accept Istanbul for Constantinople
+1
Level 65
Aug 23, 2017
Tried Saladdin and it didn't register. Gave up thinking I didn't know the answer and was surprised to find out that I was correct.
+1
Level 69
Aug 23, 2017
I too struggled with mills vs windmills. The "machine" that grinds grain is a mill. The wind part just qualifies how it is powered; hence "wind"-mill, "water"-mill etc. If you had a mill that's powered by a donkey walking in a circle, you'd hardly call it a windmill, would you?
+1
Level 61
Nov 4, 2019
A mill is a grinder of anything, from coffee and cocoa beans to soap.
+1
Level 68
Aug 23, 2017
Not enough questions on America (joke...)
+1
Level 82
Aug 23, 2017
Even so, people would have probably complained about it being too America-centric.
+1
Level 68
Aug 24, 2017
Well, I would hardly say that there is generally too much attention paid to indigenous American history.
+2
Level 51
Aug 23, 2017
Only missed Canterbury, more specifically missed the 'r' in Canterbury. I was there 3 days ago - incredible.
+1
Level 66
Aug 23, 2017
Agreed on windmill, it was a bit opaque to me at least; other than that I thought everything was clear enough.
+1
Level 34
Aug 23, 2017
I thin it is worth nothing that the Church of Rome and the Church of Constantinople didn't really split in 1054. There was a writ of excommunication written by a Papal Legate who had no authority because the appointing Pope had died... every primary source suggests that the ecclesiastic and secular hierarchies in Rome and the Byzantine Empire continued as if nothing had happened. The best you can ascribe to 1054 is really "popularly considered the start of the split between"
+1
Level 63
Oct 4, 2017
As mill didn't work I tried windmill and voila. Let's all be happy with that. Or do you want it to be more difficult? Because it's about vertical windmills.
+1
Level 61
Nov 4, 2019
I think we have just as many water powered mills in UK than wind powered ones, probably more.
+1
Level 57
Apr 11, 2020
Can you please accept Mill?