The 13th Century Quiz

Based on the clues, guess these notable facts from 13th century history.
Quiz by Quizmaster
Last updated: October 16, 2016
First submittedApril 1, 2014
Times taken12,299
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This beginning of this empire that would grow to dominate the Near East
Ottoman Empire
This Scottish commander defeats English forces at the Battle of Stirling Bridge
William Wallace
Cantons form a confederation that would eventually grow into this modern nation
An enormous flood creates the Zuider Zee and gives sea access to this city
This area in Britain is conquered by Edward Longshanks
The Mongols attempt a naval conquest of this nation
This royal house comes to power in Austria, a position they
would retain for over 600 years
This Mongolian Khan conquers China, forming the Yuan dynasty
Kublai Khan
This Venetian embarks on an epic journey to China
Marco Polo
The Islamic Golden Age ends as Mongols sack this Middle Eastern capital
Construction begins on this London Abbey, burial site of monarchs
This Mongolian Khan conquers much of Central Asia
Genghis Khan
This Catholic philosopher is born. He would become
known as "Doctor of the Church"
Thomas Aquinas
King John of England is forced to sign this "Great Charter"
Magna Carta
This style of Buddhism is brought from China to Japan
This impoverished saint founds the order of Friars Minor
St. Francis
This University, England's second oldest, is founded
Venice uses the Fourth Crusade to conquer this city, the largest in Christendom
Level 73
Apr 16, 2014
Surprisingly easy, given the title.
Level 43
Jul 11, 2014
A very good quiz! However, I have two comments: 1) as has been pointed out in other quizes, you should accept the spelling "Magna Charta" - I know that in the English speaking world, the standard version nowadays is Magna Carta, but the original Latin spelling of the word for paper is "charta" (hence the english "charter"). "Carta" is a Medieval alternative spelling, so it is probably more fitting, but "Magna Charta" is used quite often on older scholarly literature. 2) it is not accurate to say the Venice conquered Constantinople in 1204 - it was a large coalition of western European Catholic powers of which Venice was but one among the participants, and by no means the most militarily significant ones (although it was indeed a major source of funds for the enterprise). Constantinople was never subjected to Venice - a new "Latin Empire" was set up there, under French cultural and political influence, before it was re-conquered by the Byzantines at the end of the century.
Level 44
Sep 14, 2014
From Wikipedia: "the first written appearance of the term was in 1218: 'Concesserimus libertates quasdam scripts in magna carta nostra de libertatibus' and also: "From the 13th to the 17th centuries, only the spelling "Magna Carta" was used. The spelling "Magna Charta" began to be used in the 18th century but never became more common despite also being used by some reputable writers."
Level 75
Nov 29, 2015
The original Latin spelling was definitely carta. Latin words didn't tend to begin with "ch" unless they came from Greek.
Level 80
Oct 5, 2019
I've seen the Magna Charta. It is spelled this way and should be accepted.
Level 69
Sep 14, 2014
Missed the Scottish guy and kind of Buddhism. Nice quiz.
Level 52
Jul 25, 2017
Scottish guy?!?!? You need to watch Braveheart, superb film
Level 66
Jun 3, 2020
Good film but totally inaccurate historically. They could have added a stop motion dog and called it William Wallace and Gromit and it wouldn't have made much difference.
Level 79
Sep 14, 2014
I think this is the first of these centuries quizzes where I missed one. Couldn't believe when I saw the answer... Westminster... of course.. d'oh. Almost missed Switzerland, too.
Level 80
Sep 14, 2014
It's "impoverished" unless you're intentionally using its obsolete form.
Level ∞
Oct 16, 2016
Level 44
Sep 14, 2014
An additional 30 sec to 1 min maybe?
Level 71
Sep 14, 2014
Amen to that!
Level 77
Sep 16, 2014
I may have only gotten 13/18, but I still feel smart for getting the hardest one (that is to say, the one that has been missed the most).
Level 45
Mar 13, 2019
Honestly wish I hadn't gotten that one, it's a result of too many years of Catholic School brainwashing
Level 40
Sep 29, 2014
And people think the 21stC is bad. The 13thC REALLY sucked
Level 53
Mar 6, 2017
My worst score for this whole series....need to brush up on this century!
Level 79
Jul 25, 2017
Ah.. the Yuan Dynasty. I remember that from that one episode of That 1270s Show.
Level 57
Jul 25, 2017
Regarding Westminster Abbey, I thought Edward the Confessor (in the 11th century) was the king responsible for starting construction on that Abbey. Or is the version we see today started in the 13th century?
Level 66
Feb 22, 2018
Why does it accept "Kublai" without the Khan, but not Genghiz without the Khan?
Level 80
Oct 5, 2019
Why isn't Istanbul accepted? It is undeniably "this city" in question.
Level 72
Oct 7, 2019
Because this is a historical quiz and at the time of the 4th crusade, it wasn't called that.