Countries named after cities

Name the 17 countries of the world that are named after towns or cities.
City-states are not included (so no Singapore, Monaco, Vatican,...)
We are looking from countries named after cities, not the other way around (so not Brasilia).
Note that the cities are not always from the country they are naming.
If you like this test, you may enjoy Countries named after rivers or Countries named after people.
Quiz by rocamorar
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Last updated: August 2, 2019
First submittedFebruary 5, 2018
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Africa
Algeria
Algiers (Algeria)
Benin
Benin (Nigeria)
Djibouti
Djibouti (Djibouti)
Guinea Bissau
Bissau (Guinea Bissau)
Madagascar
Mogadishu (Somalia)
Morocco
Marrakesh (Morocco)
Togo
Togoville (Togo)
Tunisia
Tunis (Tunisia)
Zimbabwe
Great Zimbabwe (Zimbabwe)
 
 
Europe
Portugal
Porto (Portugal)
Romania
Rome (Italy)
Luxembourg
Luxembourg (Luxembourg)
Switzerland
Schwyz (Switzerland)
 
 
Asia
Qatar
Zubarah (Qatar)
 
 
North America
Mexico
Mexico (Mexico)
Panama
Panama (Panama)
 
 
South America
Venezuela
Venice (Italy)
+1
Level 81
Feb 6, 2018
Are city-states like Monaco, Luxembourg, Vatican City, or Singapore not count? Singapore was a city before it became a country after all. Likewise, Djibouti was a city before there was a Djibouti country. I haven't checked but I'd imagine Guinea-Bissau is similar.
+1
Level 75
Feb 7, 2018
Thanks for noting this. I've included in the instructions a caveat saying that city-states are not included. After all, they "didn't give name" to the country. They just "are" the country.
+1
Level 74
May 25, 2018
however that's not the case for Guinea Bissau, so I think Guinea Bissau should count
+2
Level 81
Jul 28, 2019
I'm not sure that Djibouti counts as a city state, given that there are ten cities in Djibouti. The nation of Djibouti is 23,200 km2. That would be a huge city, covering an area 19 times greater than the combined five boroughs of New York City, but only 1/10th its population. Djibouti would need a population over 10 million before you could argue that the country is a single metropolitan area.
+2
Level 42
Jul 28, 2019
Luxembourg is no city state :)
+1
Level 74
May 25, 2018
What about Iraq (named after the ancient city of Uruk)? or Zimbabwe (named after the city of Old Zimbabwe)?
+1
Level 75
May 25, 2018
Thanks for your comments Kahikatea! Zimbabwe should have been definitely there. I'm adding Guinea-Bissau for completeness, but I'm not as sure about his one. Iraq I'm going to keep out of this test. The Uruk etymology is just one theory, and not even the most popular among scholars.
+1
Level 81
Jul 28, 2019
According to Wikipedia, Mexico was named after Mexico City. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mexico#Etymology

I can't prove it, but I believe British Honduras was named Belize in 1973 after Belize City (formerly Belize Town), which had been the capital of the colony for centuries. 'historians often say that "the capital was the colony", because the center of British control was here.' https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belize_City#History

+1
Level 59
Jul 28, 2019
What about Togo (Togoville) and Switzerland (Schwyz)? Also, one could make an argument for Tanzania (Zanzibar). Regardless, interesting quiz!
+1
Level 69
Aug 1, 2019
"Name the 10 countries of the world that are named after towns or cities." And yet there are thirteen...
+1
Level 75
Aug 2, 2019
Thanks to everyone for their contributions. I'm including all of them except for Belize (unclear etymology; I've not been able to find any reputable source claiming the name comes from a city) and Tanzania (Zanzibar city is takes its name from the region of Zanzibar).
+1
Level 81
Aug 4, 2019
Tanzania is the combination of Tanganyika and Zanzibar.
+1
Level 75
Aug 5, 2019
And I'm not including it because Tanganyka is primarily the name of a Lake, and Zanzibar is the name of a region.