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Countries Never Colonized by Europeans

Name the countries outside of Europe that were never completely colonized by European colonial empires post 1500.
Many of these countries were partially colonized
One of these countries was a British "protectorate"
One of these countries was occupied for five years in the 1930s
Last updated: November 01, 2018
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Continent
Country
Africa
Ethiopia
Africa
Liberia
Asia
Afghanistan
Asia
Bhutan
Asia
China
Asia
Iran
Asia
Japan
Asia
Mongolia
Continent
Country
Asia
Nepal
Asia
North Korea
Asia
Saudi Arabia
Asia
South Korea
Asia
Thailand
Asia
Turkey
Asia
Yemen
Oceania
Tonga
+8
level 84
Aug 30, 2016
Nice quiz. At one time Yemen was occupied by the Ottoman and British Empires (half each, the British in South Yemen/Aden, where they remained until 1967). Not sure if that counts as "half-colonized" or not.
+10
level 39
Aug 31, 2016
Thanks ! That's right, only half portion was under British control, therefore is in the list ;)
+4
level 51
Apr 19, 2018
As Turkey considers herself as European, thus Yemen once was fully colonized by Europeans. :-D
+4
level 55
Apr 19, 2018
It's not about what she considers herself to be.
+1
level 21
Jan 31, 2019
AncientAutomaton you got totally wrong, during the 14s century to the 20s century the Ottoman Empire was considerate as a european nation. Bfeore WW1 for exemple, he was name "the sick man of Europe"
+11
level 39
Aug 31, 2016
Interestingly Liberia gets low score in statistics, even though it's name is 'LIBERIA' :)
+1
level 45
Sep 29, 2017
ARIKANCELIKOK, Well China was colonized by Europeans but for war too, does that count because countries like Portugal, UK, etc had actually took some lands away from the homeland
+3
level 62
Nov 23, 2017
Nice quiz! However, first of all large parts of Turkey have been colonised by the Ancient Greece, the Roman Empire and later by Crusaders. Turkey should be definitvely not on the list. Further, the term "partially colonised" is arbitrary. Large parts of Africa were never under effective control of Europe (e.g. inner Congo). That holds already for imperialistic rule and definitively also for actual "colonialism". And what about USA or Canada? Have European powers controlled, e.g., Montana?! I propose to add some clarifications.
+1
level 39
Nov 24, 2017
Thank you! Nice questions. It is true that the western park of Turkey was colonized and controlled by both Greeks and later Romans, the eastern part was mostly untouched by Europeans and remained under the control of Persian Dynasties of the time and Armenians. About the Americas...Although large parts of US, Canada, the Amazon region and Patagonia in Argentina was never settled by the Europeans, they were still claimed and were part of those powers at least on paper. (Before the border adjustments between the US and Canada, Montana was claimed by the British as part of Canada). When you look at today's Greenland, literally no one lives in the middle of the island, but it is still considered being colonized by Denmark.
+3
level 62
Nov 24, 2017
In 117 AD, the total territory of the modern Turkey was part of the Roman Empire.
+6
level ∞
Nov 24, 2017
I changed the description to indicate that we are referring to the colonial period and not ancient history.
+3
level 61
Nov 24, 2017
Taiwan has been colonised by the Dutch in the 17th century. It should not be on this list.
+1
level 39
Nov 24, 2017
Not all
+2
level 61
Nov 24, 2017
I am pretty sure they claimed all at least on paper. The exact claim you use in the comment above for not including countries like Argentina, the United States and Canada.
+1
level 39
Nov 24, 2017
Lol, nice try, but nope, they didn't claim it all. More precisely, Spain did not let them do it as it was too close to their own colony in Philippines. They established a settlement at the north to check the dutch expansion at the south, and in the middle of the island there was Kingdom of Middag, a fully independent taiwanese state.
+3
level 61
Nov 24, 2017
To be sure I checked the wikipedia articles about Dutch Formosa, Spanish Formosa and Kingdom of Middag. Here is a short recap of the information I found there. The Spanish were ousted by the Dutch from the island in 1642. To connect their new possessions in the North with their possessions in the South, the Dutch forced the king of Middag to acknowledge Dutch overlordship in 1645. In 1661 an army of Ming loyalists invaded the island. A year later the Dutch agreed to leave Taiwan. So between 1645 and 1661 the colonial government of the Dutch was uncontested by anyone. As a result I do not think Taiwan should be included in this quiz.
+2
level ∞
Nov 24, 2017
That's a pretty convincing case @Calocaerus. What do other people think?
+2
level 70
Nov 25, 2017
Absolutely the Dutch totally ruled it.
+1
level 39
Jan 19, 2018
Thank you Calocaerus. Adding Taiwan was Quizmaster's idea (when the quiz got a star). Quizmaster showed me a map of Taiwan from the period, including Kingdom of Mittag. I didn't object it at that time because I trusted it without checking the Wikipedia article. Now I resubmitted the quiz, its waiting the approval.
+3
level 65
Apr 19, 2018
Kingdom of Middag? Lolwut? Middag means dinner in Swedish. :D
+1
level 27
Apr 19, 2018
I am confused as Taiwan is not on the list, so what's your point?
+5
level 72
Apr 19, 2018
It should be obvious from the comments that it was previously on the list, but was removed.
+1
level 55
Nov 25, 2017
This quiz is not quite accurate. - Ethiopia was "fully" colonized by the Italians in 1935. - Parts of the USA were not yet colonized by the time the British were kicked out so wouldnt that mean it should be on the list. Same with Brazil. - Taiwan was colonized by the Dutch. - Mongolia was colonized by the Russians for a few years before being given it's independence. I'm also wondering whether the USA should be counted as a colonialist nation as it is basically European culturally. (Because of the USA is counted, Liberia, Japan and South Korea should not be on this list).
+1
level 39
Jan 19, 2018
The quiz is accurate, check my responses to other comments.
+1
level 23
Nov 27, 2017
Um I'm pretty sure Ethiopia was colonized by the Italians during the 20th century.
+1
level 75
Nov 28, 2017
Walk around Addis Ababa sometime and you'll see that the Italians built more stuff there in five years than the Ethiopians have managed in the succeeding 70. The center of the city is still called the Piazza.
+3
level 27
Apr 19, 2018
Yeah, Why would'nt they. They had all the blood money from Colonizing many parts of Africa like Libya, Eritria and Somalia.
+1
level 75
Apr 19, 2018
Why wouldn't who what? Do you mean why wouldn't the Italians develop the infrastructure and downtown area of Addis Ababa? Is that really the best segue you could come up with to throw out some insult at the Italians? I'm not even saying that they don't deserve it, but... that's just weak.
+6
level 39
Jan 19, 2018
Germany invaded France in WW2. Does that mean Germany colonized France?
+1
level 84
Apr 19, 2018
Ethiopia has been part of the Italian East Africa from 1936 to 1941. And yes, France has been part of Germany during World War II, with the exception of Vichy controlled southern France, although it was a puppet state.
+1
level 62
Jan 23, 2018
Let's try it again! Hawaii has never be claimed by any Europeans, right? This is the ticket for USA to this list! Any objections? ;-)
+1
level 54
Apr 5, 2018
Then why does their flag have the union jack on it?
+1
level 37
Apr 7, 2018
Hawaii was a British colony. What about the Great Northweast, though? That was first claimed by the US after its independence.
+2
level 63
Apr 19, 2018
Hawaii was never actually a British colony, despite the union jack on its flag
+1
level 53
Apr 19, 2018
How wasn't Tonga colonised? Or was that the British protectorate?
+1
level 51
Apr 19, 2018
Funny quiz. I was convinced that Eritrea should have been in the list since it split off from Ethiopia relatively recently. But sure enough: this territory was separately colonized by the Italians back in history.
+1
level 58
Apr 19, 2018
Had the same thought, and was about to look it up. Thanks for saving me the trouble.
+1
level 43
Apr 19, 2018
Botswana was a British protectorate. There's also an argument for including Lesotho. https://www.quora.com/Which-countries-in-Africa-were-never-colonized
+1
level 75
Apr 19, 2018
What does "fully colonized" mean, by the way? I mean... the USA is not on this list. When was Boise, Idaho colonized by Europeans?
+5
level 59
Apr 19, 2018
That was the center of all Colonial ambitions! "Should we invade the middle east to get the oil?" "No! Let's get Boise, Idaho! We need those potatoes!" *Note, this is sarcasm
+1
level 75
Apr 19, 2018
So.... by your "logic" (assuming you thought that your reply did something to address my question and you weren't just being a twat)... if an empire doesn't desire something that means that they have automatically colonized it?
+1
level 45
Jul 26, 2018
The USA may not have been fully colonised as such, but it's entirety has been claimed by various European powers in the past.
+1
level 27
Apr 19, 2018
This quiz is easy if you've played Hearts of Iron Games. All except for Tonga.
+5
level 56
Apr 19, 2018
''They never got Ethiopia'' (history of the entire world, i guess)
+1
level 31
Apr 19, 2018
Ethiopia should not be on this list. Abyssinia was the last part of Ethiopia to be colonised by the Italians in 1934/5; the rest was already split into "British Somaliland" and "Italian Somaliland
+1
level 32
Apr 19, 2018
nice quiz, thanks. but Iran was colonized by the Great Britain and the Russian Empire during WWI and before that. they actually divided Iran to 2 parts, the northern part for Russia and the Southern part for Britain. it all goes back to the Constitutional revolution in Iran, while Mohammad Ali Shah of Iran didn't accept the desire of the Iranian people to have a constitutional monarchy like Britain and tried to take the power with the help of Russia. that is when Vladimir Liakhov of Russia shelled the Majles (the Parliament) of Iran. and before that, during Queen Victoria's era in Britain, Afghanistan was an Iranian state, but the British government took it from Iran with several Strategical Policies that you can read on Wikipedia. like attacking to the south of Iran to distract the Iranian army from focusing on the Afghanistan area.
+1
level 57
Apr 19, 2018
Yemen? What about Aden?
+1
level 52
Apr 19, 2018
You forgot Wakanda.
+1
level 58
Apr 19, 2018
Oh yeah? Well let's see them try to get to my house.
+2
level 33
Apr 20, 2018
I only knew Liberia cause of Geography Now. XD
+1
level 37
Apr 20, 2018
Good idea but too many ambiguous and debatable answers judging by all the comments, many of which reflect my reservations.
+1
level 53
Apr 20, 2018
Ethiopia was colonized by Italy. It became part of Italian Empire on May 9th 1936. The Emperor of Ethiopia was Victor Emanuel III King of Italy, there was a Viceroy, a colonial government. So why is on the list?
+1
level ∞
Apr 20, 2018
"One of these countries was occupied for five years in the 1930s"
+1
level 53
Apr 21, 2018
It doesn't make any sense. It colonized, not occupied, 5 years or 50 what's the difference? We are asked about countries colonized, Ethiopia was colonized by Italy for 5 years 1936-1941, not occupied, but colonized.
+1
level 57
Apr 24, 2018
When you consider the fact that there are over 190 countries in the world and only 16 have never been colonized by Europe...
+1
level 11
May 7, 2018
these are all arguable
+1
level 67
Jul 1, 2018
What?? No "Why if Istanbul is considered European on all quizzes here, weren't the Ottoman areas controlled by Europe"?