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150 Largest Contemporary Ethnicities in the World

These are the 150 largest ethnicities in the world, not nationalities. Main source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_contemporary_ethnic_groups Several ethnic groups were not included in this source.
Quiz by YerevanNaypyidaw
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Last updated: May 5, 2017
First submittedJune 24, 2015
Times taken8,482
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Total Polpulation
Region of Origin
Ethnic Group
1300 million
East Asia
Han Chinese
420 million
South Asia
Hindustani
420 million
Middle East/North Africa
Arab
320 million
South Asia
Bengali
150 million
Europe
German
150 million
Europe
Spaniard
150 million
Europe
Russian
140 million
Europe
Italian
130 million
East Asia
Japanese
120 million
South Asia
Punjabi
106 million
Europe
French
105 million
Southeast Asia
Javanese
104 million
Southeast Asia
Filipino
100 million
Europe
English
100 million
South Asia
Bihari
90 million
South Asia
Telugu
87 million
South Asia
Marathi
83 million
East Asia
Korean
83 million
Middle East/North Africa
Turkish
80 million
Europe
Irish
78 million
South Asia
Tamil
70 million
Middle East/North Africa
Persian
60 million
South Asia
Pashtun
60 million
South Asia
Gujarati
60 million
South Asia
Malayali
58 million
Europe
Pole
55 million
South Asia
Kannada
50 million
Southeast Asia
Thai
48 million
Southeast Asia
Vietnamese
45 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Oromo
43 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Yoruba
42 million
Europe
Portuguese
42 million
South Asia
Sindhi
40 million
Europe
Scottish
40 million
Europe
Ukrainian
38 million
Middle East/North Africa
Kurd
35 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Hausa
35 million
Middle East/North Africa
Azerbaijani
32 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Igbo
30 million
Southeast Asia
Bamar
30 million
Middle East/North Africa
Berber
30 million
Southeast Asia
Malay
30 million
Southeast Asia
Sundanese
30 million
Central Asia
Uzbek
29 million
Europe
Dutch
26 million
Europe
Serb/Croat/Bosnian
24 million
Europe
Romanian
20 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Akan
20 million
Americas
Amhara
20 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Fula
18 million
Middle East/North Africa
Jewish
18 million
Central Asia
Tajik
17 million
Europe
Greek
17 million
East Asia
Zhuang
16 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Somali
15 million
South Asia
Assamese
15 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Chewa
15 million
Europe
Hungarian
15 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Hutu
15 million
South Asia
Sinhalese
14 million
Central Asia
Kazakh
13 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Mandinka
13 million
Southeast Asia
Khmer
13 million
Europe
Swede
12 million
Europe
Czech
12 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Zulu
12 million
Southeast Asia
Miao/Hmong
12 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Mongo
12 million
Europe
Norwegian
10 million
Europe
Byelorussian
10 million
Middle East/North Africa
Copt
10 million
East Asia
Hui
10 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Ijaw
10 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Kanuri
10 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Kikuyu
10 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Kongo
Total Polpulation
Region of Origin
Ethnic Group
10 million
East Asia
Manchu
10 million
East Asia
Mongol
10 million
Americas
Quechua
10 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Shona
10 million
Central Asia
Uyghur
9 million
South Asia
Balochi
9 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Tigrayan
8 million
Europe
Albanian
8 million
Middle East/North Africa
Armenian
8 million
Europe
Bulgarian
8 million
Southeast Asia
Batak
8 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Beti-Pahuin
8 million
Middle East/North Africa
Circassian
8 million
East Asia
Dai
8 millon
Europe
Finnic
8 million
East Asia
Tujia
8 million
Central Asia
Turkmen
8 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Xhosa
8 million
East Asia
Yi
7 million
Europe
Catalan
7 million
Middle East/North Africa
Georgian
7 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Luba
7 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Luo
7 million
Americas
Maya
7 million
Central Asia
Volga Tatar
7 million
Europe
Welsh
6 million
Europe
Baltic
6 million
Europe
Dane
6 million
Sub-Saharan African
Ganda
6 million
Europe
Slovak
6 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Sukuma
6 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Tswana
6 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Wolof
5 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Afar
5 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Dinka
5 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Ibibio
5 million
Central Asia
Kyrgyz
5 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Nuer
5 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Pedi
5 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Songhai
5 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Sotho
5 million
East Asia
Tibetan
4 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Afrikaner
4 million
South Asia
Naga
4 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Sara
3 million
Middle East/North Africa
Assyrian
3 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Bambara
3 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Bemba
3 million
East Asia
Bouyei
3 million
Europe
Galician
3 million
East Asia
Kam/Dong
3 million
Europe
Macedonian
3 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Ndebele
3 million
South Asia
Romani
3 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Tigrinya
3 million
East Asia
Yao
2 million
Americas
Aymara
2 million
East Asia
Bai
2 million
Central Asia
Bashkir
2 million
Europe
Basque
2 million
South Asia
Brahui
2 million
Central Asia
Chuvash
2 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Ga-Adangbe
2 million
East Asia
Hani
2 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Lango
2 million
Americas
Mapuche
2 million
Europe
Slovene
2 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Soga
2 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Swazi
1 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Acholi
1 million
Europe
Gagauz
1 million
Middle East/North Africa
Laz
1 million
East Asia
Li
1 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Soninke
1 million
Middle East/North Africa
Tuareg
+2
level 74
Jun 24, 2015
Interesting quiz. Norwegian is spelled incorrectly. I am surprised no North American First Nations appear - it would depend on how you group them whether any group would reach top 80 status I guess.
+1
level 15
Jul 9, 2015
North, South and Central American natives aren't included here because they are broken down into many small tribes.
+1
level 54
Jun 25, 2015
suprising that there are not very many African ethnicities in the list. would expect to see quite a lot.
+1
level 15
Jul 9, 2015
African ethnicities are not very populated because there a thousands of different tribes.
+1
level 72
Jul 17, 2016
there are a great deal here that should be on the list https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_ethnic_groups_of_Africa
+1
level 64
Nov 21, 2015
Norwegian.
+2
level 68
Nov 26, 2015
I missed Circassian and Norwegian because QM has spelt them wrong! Good fun though.
+1
level 37
Dec 1, 2015
Javanese and Malays are the only Indonesian ethnicities in this quiz. Meanwhile, there are Sundanese with 30 million people, Batak with 7.6 million, and a few others numbering above 3 million people. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethnic_groups_in_Indonesia Also, I didnt see Hausa, Yoruba, and Igbo. All three are African (specifically, Nigerian) ethnicities with more than 30 milllion people each. What the source(s) of this quiz?
+1
level 56
Dec 1, 2015
should accept "Pashto" "Javan" and "Baluchi"
+1
level 28
Dec 23, 2015
I lost an 100% to Norwegian. You misspelled it Norweigian.
+1
level 69
Dec 24, 2015
you should accept azeri for azerbaijani also sindhi did not work. it's already plural. why the s?
+1
level 24
Jan 16, 2016
You've missed one that is often missed and certainly undercounted: Romani. Since many are itinerant they are undercounted in all the countries in which they live. Wikipedia sites sources which estimate their numbers to be anywhere between 2 and 4 million. Given that they were one of the ethnicities that the Nazi's sought to exterminate it is especially important to point out that the extermination was not successful.
+1
level 15
May 3, 2017
I'll add that
+1
level 24
Jan 17, 2016
To divide up each of the separate countries which were once Yugoslavia into separate ethnicities is fallacious, IMHO. A SerboCroatian linguist once said, "I went to sleep one night monolingual and woke up the next morning tri-lingual because I could speak Croatian, Serbian, and Bosnian." He gave a great definition for a language: "A language is a dialect with an army." For these countries you've now defined an ethnicity by its nation-state.
+1
level 15
May 3, 2017
True, I'll fix that
+1
level 71
Jan 19, 2016
Khmer? 13 million
+1
level 57
Mar 23, 2016
What about estonians (1 million), Latvians(1,5 million) and lithuanians(3.9 to 4.1 million)
+1
level 41
May 19, 2016
jew isn't an ethnic group
+1
level 57
Jan 2, 2017
Umm, define ethnic group then...
+1
level 15
May 3, 2017
Jews can refer to the ethnic group or the religion. For example, if a Chinese person converts to Judaism, they are a religious Jew, but not an ethnic one, and if an ethnic Jew converts to Christianity, they are still an ethnic Jew, but not a religious one.
+1
level 79
Sep 23, 2016
Uzbeks, Tajiks, Belorusians, Lithuanians, Latvians, ....
+1
level 15
May 3, 2017
I'll add that
+1
level 44
Sep 30, 2016
Ethnicity isn't tribe related. Many tribes can form part of the same ethnic group. That would mean that Native American and African groups are erroneously left of the list.
+1
level 54
Jan 17, 2017
Yep
+1
level 45
Jan 2, 2017
Great quiz..love learning things I don't really know. Challenging, but just wondering, why is this not eligible for points? I have never made a quiz so I am curious.
+1
level 71
Jan 8, 2017
Bamar, largest ethnic group of Myanmar, about 30 million people worldwide.
+1
level 15
May 3, 2017
I'll add that
+1
level 60
Jan 12, 2017
1 million people describe themselves as Faroe? The population now is 50.000 and I doubt that there's been that much emigration. Icelandic is also a shocker
+1
level 15
May 3, 2017
Yeah, I don't think the source I used was too accurate...
+1
level 76
Feb 28, 2017
Are the Flemish/Afrikaners included in the Dutch 29 million? Because even though they share a common language (sort of), there is a serious case to be made that they are at least as much apart as a people than the Swedes and Norwegians, for example... A bit nitpickerish, I know ;)
+1
level 15
May 3, 2017
Haha, that's fine. Lot's of people are giving suggestions. Thanks!
+1
level 40
Mar 22, 2017
Jews aren't an ethnicity, population is spelled incorrectly
+1
level 15
May 3, 2017
Jews can refer to the religion and the ethnicity.
+1
level 63
Mar 28, 2017
There are around 10 million Quechua people, as well as 2 million Aymara, 1.7 million Mapuche, 7 million Maya, 8 million Xhosa, 20 million Amhara, 10 million Copts, 7 million Luba, 12 million Mongo, 16 million Somalis, 10 million Shona, 12 million Zulu, 5 million Sotho, 4 million Akyem, 6.2 million Wolof, and probably numerous more I missed.
+1
level 15
May 3, 2017
I'll add
+1
level 65
Apr 5, 2017
There are 19 ethnicities from China exceeding 1.2 million by 2010. Only 9 are listed here: Han, Zhuang, Hui, Manchu, Uyghur, Mongol, Kazakh, Tibetan, Kyrgyz. The other 10 are: Miao (Hmong), Yi, Tujia, Dong, Bouyei, Yao, Bai, Hani, Li, Dai. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_ethnic_groups_in_China
+1
level 54
Apr 12, 2017
No UZbeks? https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uzbeks
+1
level 15
May 3, 2017
I'll add them
+1
level 28
Apr 25, 2017
You should accept Bosniac, that's the spelling in English
+1
level 15
May 3, 2017
Ok
+1
level 15
May 3, 2017
New and improved. Note: some ethnic groups from places like the Caucasus's and Central Asia can also fall into Europe or East Asia depending on your opinion Also, Turks originate from Central Asia, and Afrikaners from Europe, but the reason they are listed under Middle East/North Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa respectively is because that is where the majority of their populations can be found today.
+1
level 66
May 3, 2017
Quizmaster, Please made this quiz eligible for points. Thanks if you do so...
+2
level 68
Dec 6, 2017
Amhara come from Ethiopia, not the Americas. Fun quiz!
+2
level 58
Dec 10, 2018
Are Filipinos considered of different ethnic groups based on different languages, i.e. Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano?
+1
level 66
Jan 16, 2019
Good idea for a quiz, but here are my complaints. ;) You should allow the spellings Singhalese and Singalese, and Belarussian. The Amhara people live in Ethiopia, not America. It should be Finn, not Finnic, as that's an umbrella term for several related peoples/languages. Also, the word million has been misspelled when it comes to Finnic. Romani should be Roma, as Romani is the name of the language and Roma of the people. Actually, it seems like your source has had a major update. It has many 1 million+ ethnicities not in your list, while e.g. Baltic is not listed at all, instead being broken up into Lithuanians and Latvians.
+1
level 24
May 9, 2019
Byelorussian is colonial. The correct term is Belarusian.