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150 Largest Contemporary Ethnicities in the World

These are the 150 largest ethnicities in the world, not nationalities. Main source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_contemporary_ethnic_groups Several ethnic groups were not included in this source.
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Total Polpulation
Region of Origin
Ethnic Group
1300 million
East Asia
420 million
South Asia
420 million
Middle East/North Africa
320 million
South Asia
150 million
Europe
150 million
Europe
150 million
Europe
140 million
Europe
130 million
East Asia
120 million
South Asia
106 million
Europe
105 million
Southeast Asia
104 million
Southeast Asia
100 million
Europe
100 million
South Asia
90 million
South Asia
87 million
South Asia
83 million
East Asia
83 million
Middle East/North Africa
80 million
Europe
78 million
South Asia
70 million
Middle East/North Africa
60 million
South Asia
60 million
South Asia
60 million
South Asia
58 million
Europe
55 million
South Asia
50 million
Southeast Asia
48 million
Southeast Asia
45 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
43 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
42 million
Europe
42 million
South Asia
40 million
Europe
40 million
Europe
38 million
Middle East/North Africa
35 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
35 million
Middle East/North Africa
32 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
30 million
Southeast Asia
30 million
Middle East/North Africa
30 million
Southeast Asia
30 million
Southeast Asia
30 million
Central Asia
29 million
Europe
26 million
Europe
24 million
Europe
20 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
20 million
Americas
20 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
18 million
Middle East/North Africa
18 million
Central Asia
17 million
Europe
17 million
East Asia
16 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
15 million
South Asia
15 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
15 million
Europe
15 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
15 million
South Asia
14 million
Central Asia
13 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
13 million
Southeast Asia
13 million
Europe
12 million
Europe
12 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
12 million
Southeast Asia
12 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
12 million
Europe
10 million
Europe
10 million
Middle East/North Africa
10 million
East Asia
10 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
10 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
10 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
10 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
Total Polpulation
Region of Origin
Ethnic Group
10 million
East Asia
10 million
East Asia
10 million
Americas
10 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
10 million
Central Asia
9 million
South Asia
9 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
8 million
Europe
8 million
Middle East/North Africa
8 million
Europe
8 million
Southeast Asia
8 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
8 million
Middle East/North Africa
8 million
East Asia
8 millon
Europe
8 million
East Asia
8 million
Central Asia
8 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
8 million
East Asia
7 million
Europe
7 million
Middle East/North Africa
7 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
7 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
7 million
Americas
7 million
Central Asia
7 million
Europe
6 million
Europe
6 million
Europe
6 million
Sub-Saharan African
6 million
Europe
6 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
6 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
6 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
5 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
5 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
5 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
5 million
Central Asia
5 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
5 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
5 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
5 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
5 million
East Asia
4 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
4 million
South Asia
4 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
3 million
Middle East/North Africa
3 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
3 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
3 million
East Asia
3 million
Europe
3 million
East Asia
3 million
Europe
3 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
3 million
South Asia
3 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
3 million
East Asia
2 million
Americas
2 million
East Asia
2 million
Central Asia
2 million
Europe
2 million
South Asia
2 million
Central Asia
2 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
2 million
East Asia
2 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
2 million
Americas
2 million
Europe
2 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
2 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
1 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
1 million
Europe
1 million
Middle East/North Africa
1 million
East Asia
1 million
Sub-Saharan Africa
1 million
Middle East/North Africa
Answer Stats
Total Polpulation
Region of Origin
Ethnic Group
% Correct
Your %
+1
level 74
Jun 24, 2015
Interesting quiz. Norwegian is spelled incorrectly. I am surprised no North American First Nations appear - it would depend on how you group them whether any group would reach top 80 status I guess.
+1
level 15
Jul 9, 2015
North, South and Central American natives aren't included here because they are broken down into many small tribes.
+1
level 54
Jun 25, 2015
suprising that there are not very many African ethnicities in the list. would expect to see quite a lot.
+1
level 15
Jul 9, 2015
African ethnicities are not very populated because there a thousands of different tribes.
+1
level 56
Jul 17, 2016
there are a great deal here that should be on the list https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_ethnic_groups_of_Africa
+1
level 8
Feb 24, 2016
There should definitely be many more - Zulu, Pedi, Afrikaner, Xhosa, Shona, Ndebele, Swahili, Wolof etc. etc. Each of the groups listed are made up of millions.
+1
level 59
Apr 16, 2017
Not Afrikaner, they are surely ethnically the same as Dutch. Swahili is also to the best of my knowledge a lingua franca, not an ethnicity. And why are Somalis and Ethiopians clumped together with Arabs?? They are nothing alike.
+1
level 46
Aug 4, 2017
Somalis and Ethiopians speak Cushitic languages (Somali, Amharic, Tigrinya etc), which are stemmed from the Afro-Asiatic languages, which include Arabic, Hebrew and Berber.
+1
level 65
Nov 21, 2015
Norwegian.
+1
level 66
Nov 26, 2015
I missed Circassian and Norwegian because QM has spelt them wrong! Good fun though.
+1
level 17
Nov 27, 2015
You missed Slovene.... there's 2 million.
+1
level 37
Dec 1, 2015
Javanese and Malays are the only Indonesian ethnicities in this quiz. Meanwhile, there are Sundanese with 30 million people, Batak with 7.6 million, and a few others numbering above 3 million people. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethnic_groups_in_Indonesia Also, I didnt see Hausa, Yoruba, and Igbo. All three are African (specifically, Nigerian) ethnicities with more than 30 milllion people each. What the source(s) of this quiz?
+1
level 57
Dec 1, 2015
should accept "Pashto" "Javan" and "Baluchi"
+1
level 28
Dec 23, 2015
I lost an 100% to Norwegian. You misspelled it Norweigian.
+1
level 66
Dec 24, 2015
you should accept azeri for azerbaijani also sindhi did not work. it's already plural. why the s?
+1
level 28
Jan 9, 2016
First attempt : 47
+1
level 26
Jan 16, 2016
You've missed one that is often missed and certainly undercounted: Romani. Since many are itinerant they are undercounted in all the countries in which they live. Wikipedia sites sources which estimate their numbers to be anywhere between 2 and 4 million. Given that they were one of the ethnicities that the Nazi's sought to exterminate it is especially important to point out that the extermination was not successful.
+1
level 15
May 3, 2017
I'll add that
+1
level 26
Jan 17, 2016
To divide up each of the separate countries which were once Yugoslavia into separate ethnicities is fallacious, IMHO. A SerboCroatian linguist once said, "I went to sleep one night monolingual and woke up the next morning tri-lingual because I could speak Croatian, Serbian, and Bosnian." He gave a great definition for a language: "A language is a dialect with an army." For these countries you've now defined an ethnicity by its nation-state.
+1
level 15
May 3, 2017
True, I'll fix that
+1
level 65
Jan 19, 2016
Khmer? 13 million
+1
level 61
Feb 15, 2016
I started to type in Romanian, and it must have accepted Romani. What about Uzbek, Tajik?
+1
level 59
Apr 16, 2017
I also tried Uzbek and Tajik, no result. Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Turkmen and Uyghur did at least appear, but it's weird (wrong?) that the first two do not appear.
+1
level 15
May 3, 2017
I'll add
+1
level 8
Feb 24, 2016
Missing a few: English, Scottish and Irish are there but no Welsh. Also many African ethnicities missing such as Zulu, Pedi, Afrikaner, Xhosa, Swahili etc. (there are millions of each of these groups).
+1
level 15
May 3, 2017
I'll add
+1
level 47
Mar 23, 2016
What about estonians (1 million), Latvians(1,5 million) and lithuanians(3.9 to 4.1 million)
+1
level 59
Apr 16, 2017
Latvians and Lithuanians definitely (or as a collection, Balts). But I could see Estonians being part of the Finn-group (together with Ingrians, Kvens etc).
+1
level 41
May 19, 2016
jew isn't an ethnic group
+1
level 54
Jan 2, 2017
Umm, define ethnic group then...
+1
level 15
May 3, 2017
Jews can refer to the ethnic group or the religion. For example, if a Chinese person converts to Judaism, they are a religious Jew, but not an ethnic one, and if an ethnic Jew converts to Christianity, they are still an ethnic Jew, but not a religious one.
+1
level 75
Sep 23, 2016
Uzbeks, Tajiks, Belorusians, Lithuanians, Latvians, ....
+1
level 15
May 3, 2017
I'll add that
+1
level 45
Sep 30, 2016
Ethnicity isn't tribe related. Many tribes can form part of the same ethnic group. That would mean that Native American and African groups are erroneously left of the list.
+1
level 50
Jan 17, 2017
Yep
+1
level 45
Jan 2, 2017
Great quiz..love learning things I don't really know. Challenging, but just wondering, why is this not eligible for points? I have never made a quiz so I am curious.
+1
level 65
Jan 8, 2017
Bamar, largest ethnic group of Myanmar, about 30 million people worldwide.
+1
level 15
May 3, 2017
I'll add that
+1
level 59
Jan 12, 2017
1 million people describe themselves as Faroe? The population now is 50.000 and I doubt that there's been that much emigration. Icelandic is also a shocker
+1
level 15
May 3, 2017
Yeah, I don't think the source I used was too accurate...
+1
level 23
Feb 13, 2017
Why does Turk not give Turk but Turkish does?
+1
level 15
May 3, 2017
I'll fix that
+1
level 71
Feb 28, 2017
Are the Flemish/Afrikaners included in the Dutch 29 million? Because even though they share a common language (sort of), there is a serious case to be made that they are at least as much apart as a people than the Swedes and Norwegians, for example... A bit nitpickerish, I know ;)
+1
level 15
May 3, 2017
Haha, that's fine. Lot's of people are giving suggestions. Thanks!
+1
level 44
Mar 2, 2017
Accept Touareg for Tuareg
+1
level 44
Mar 2, 2017
Miao people of Southeast Asia I'm sure are at least 10 million
+1
level 55
Apr 5, 2017
Agree, Miao in south China, Hmong in southeast Asia and US.
+1
level 42
Mar 22, 2017
Jews aren't an ethnicity, population is spelled incorrectly
+1
level 15
May 3, 2017
Jews can refer to the religion and the ethnicity.
+1
level 57
Mar 28, 2017
There are around 10 million Quechua people, as well as 2 million Aymara, 1.7 million Mapuche, 7 million Maya, 8 million Xhosa, 20 million Amhara, 10 million Copts, 7 million Luba, 12 million Mongo, 16 million Somalis, 10 million Shona, 12 million Zulu, 5 million Sotho, 4 million Akyem, 6.2 million Wolof, and probably numerous more I missed.
+1
level 59
Apr 16, 2017
Many of these I tried as well, this really feels like a frustrating list when it is so incomplete :(
+1
level 15
May 3, 2017
I'll add
+1
level 55
Apr 5, 2017
There are 19 ethnicities from China exceeding 1.2 million by 2010. Only 9 are listed here: Han, Zhuang, Hui, Manchu, Uyghur, Mongol, Kazakh, Tibetan, Kyrgyz. The other 10 are: Miao (Hmong), Yi, Tujia, Dong, Bouyei, Yao, Bai, Hani, Li, Dai. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_ethnic_groups_in_China
+1
level 46
Apr 12, 2017
No UZbeks? https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uzbeks
+1
level 15
May 3, 2017
I'll add them
+1
level 30
Apr 25, 2017
You should accept Bosniac, that's the spelling in English
+1
level 15
May 3, 2017
Ok
+1
level 15
May 3, 2017
New and improved. Note: some ethnic groups from places like the Caucasus's and Central Asia can also fall into Europe or East Asia depending on your opinion Also, Turks originate from Central Asia, and Afrikaners from Europe, but the reason they are listed under Middle East/North Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa respectively is because that is where the majority of their populations can be found today.
+1
level 64
May 3, 2017
Quizmaster, Please made this quiz eligible for points. Thanks if you do so...
+1
level 67
Dec 6, 2017
Amhara come from Ethiopia, not the Americas. Fun quiz!
+1
level 39
Dec 12, 2017
Where on earth did 100 million ethnic English come from? There are only 37 million of us in England.
+1
level 39
Mar 21, 2018
Please accept "Belarusian" as an answer, it's the official name for the people of Belarus.
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