Countries that aren't countries

Can you name the things which may be countries in some sense, but not in the 'proper' sense?
All answers are either constituent countries, partly/unrecognised regions that claim independence, or places that are neither of these things but sometimes wrongly called countries.
This list only covers a some of the more famous, and a few less famous examples.
Quiz by HelveticaBold
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Last updated: February 8, 2016
First submittedFebruary 8, 2016
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UK constituent country, very nearly became independent in 2014
Scotland
Region recognised as a country by majority of UN members
Palestine
Two regions of Georgia fought over with Russia
Abkhazia
 
South Ossetia
Region of Azerbaijan fought over with Armenia
Nagorno Karabakh
Region with vague autonomy, claimed by Morocco for at least 50 years
Western Sahara
Was an independent country for 5 days, not recognised as independent now
Somaliland
Part of a Mediterranean island country that claims to be its own country
Northern Cyprus
UK country that is often erroneously synonymous with the UK itself
England
Huge constituent country of the Kingdom of Denmark
Greenland
Region of Moldova with major Russian influence
Transnistria
Region of Russia in the North Caucasus with a strong separatist movement
Chechnya
Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, famous for its blue liquer
Curaçao
Separatist exclave of Angola
Cabinda
Nation founded by native American Miskito people in Nicaragua
Moskitia
Constituent country of New Zealand, its capital is Alofi
Niue
Island country founded in protest of Australia's lack of gay marriage laws
Coral Sea Islands
Country founded by Czech man on Terra nullius between Croatia & Serbia
Liberland
Country founded by Virginia man on Terra nullius between Egypt & Sudan
North Sudan
Bungalow on a Maunsell Fort in the North Sea with its own football team
Sealand
+1
Level 59
Jun 5, 2017
Please allow SADR and Saharawi as alternate answers - you know which question I reference 🤓