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Coldest World Capitals

Name the world's coldest national capitals by mean temperature according to Wikipedia.
Only federal capitals are used (i.e. not Nuuk)
When you guess the capital, the country will also appear
Quiz by mtthw
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Last updated: August 2, 2019
First submittedOctober 10, 2013
Times taken45,790
Rating4.97
4:00
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°C
Capital
Country
-0.4
Ulaanbaatar
Mongolia
3.5
Nur-Sultan
Kazakhstan
4.3
Reykjavik
Iceland
5.7
Oslo
Norway
5.8
Moscow
Russia
5.9
Helsinki
Finland
5.9
Tallinn
Estonia
6.0
Vilnius
Lithuania
6.1
Riga
Latvia
6.6
Ottawa
Canada
°C
Capital
Country
6.6
Stockholm
Sweden
6.7
Minsk
Belarus
8.2
Copenhagen
Denmark
8.4
Kiev
Ukraine
8.4
Prague
Czech Republic
8.5
Warsaw
Poland
8.8
Bern
Switzerland
8.8
La Paz
Bolivia
9.3
Luxembourg
Luxembourg
9.7
Berlin
Germany
+3
level 77
Oct 12, 2013
Fine quiz though I'm pretty sure there's another just like it on the site somewhere.
+7
level ∞
Oct 18, 2013
Don't think so!
+1
level 77
Dec 10, 2013
nevermind then. Good quiz. ;-)
+1
level 47
Nov 6, 2013
Great quiz... Is there a hottest capitals quiz?
+4
level 77
Dec 10, 2013
Here you go.

Though I decided to go with average annual high, rather than average temperature, which can have a significant effect on the rankings. I could have also gone with record highs, but then freak weather phenomena can have an effect, and the time that recordings have been taken each place becomes a factor, and it distorts the rankings even further.
+2
level 72
Aug 15, 2014
What about the central Asian nations (Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan)? They'd be in the same league as Astana in Kazakhstan, surely?
+3
level 83
Aug 22, 2014
I don't think so, if memory serves, Astana is something like 600+ miles north of Bishkek, the closest capital (Kyrgyzstan).
+5
level 77
Sep 12, 2014
^yeah... Kazakhstan is pretty huge, and Astana is pretty far north in it. Consider that among the countries immediately to the south of the middle -stans, India has among the hottest capital cities in the world.
+1
level 36
Jan 18, 2015
I watched something on tv that showed the country next to Afghanistan and this pass they have to go over where it's colder than anywhere...solid ice. Cannot remember which of those countries it was-- just than it was bordering and Muslim. It would have to be colder than some on the list....maybe it was Kazakhstan.... I need an old-fashioned Atlas, but with new info....my laptop is so small I get tired of online atlases. :(
+3
level 77
Jan 18, 2015
Was the capital city located in that pass? Probably not.
+2
level 76
Dec 14, 2016
That's Tajikistan, which capital is in the lowlands (as Kal suggested). While the average temperature for the country will probably be rather nippy, it will be balmy in Dushanbe.
+1
level 52
Dec 14, 2016
A little research shows that Dushanbe gets a bit cold but not that cold in winter, with an average January temperature of 37.5 degrees Fahrenheit. It can often reach over 100 degrees in summer, so the average is relatively high.
+1
level 61
Oct 24, 2014
I thought Helsinki was guessed... seems that it wasn't.
+2
level 46
Jan 18, 2015
I was sure Kathmandu will be here...
+1
level 36
Jan 18, 2015
Me too!
+3
level ∞
Oct 18, 2016
Kathmandu is actually very warm. The average high is 25.6 Celcius and the mean temperature is a balmy 18.9. It's only 4,600 feet above sea level and its latitude is similar to Miami.
+2
level 48
Jan 18, 2015
Holy crud! Mongolia has the coldest capital. Whoa!
+1
level 73
Jan 18, 2015
pretty cold place...especially at night...was there in august of 2008...was wearing shorts all day and as soon as night came, it was uber cold....40 degree drop
+1
level 36
Jan 18, 2015
This was great! I ran out of northern countries and could not figure out Bern but not Vienna, etc. Kiev but not Budapest, Sofia, etc... Prague but not Slovakia. Then I remembered mountains, micro-nations. Loved it!
+1
level 25
Dec 6, 2015
You misspelled Reykjavek.
+13
level 55
Dec 7, 2015
Pretty sure you did https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reykjavík
+1
level 66
Dec 14, 2016
bloody baltic states ! i still forgot them
+2
level 67
Dec 14, 2016
Guess what I did ?............. got half way and then tried Kazakhstan and when it did not work tried Countries instead of Capitals till time ran out ............ what a dingbat!
+3
level 76
Dec 14, 2016
We all do it now and then, so you're not alone in your dinginess.
+1
level 34
Dec 14, 2016
can someone please explain to me how bolivia (la paz) is so cold? It is right by the equator and in between countries like argentina, brazil, uruguay, peru, etc. which are all very warm year round
+2
level 66
Dec 14, 2016
Highest capital in the world. Nearly 12,000 feet above sea level
+1
level 22
Sep 29, 2018
I think its in the mountains high up. Not sure tho just a guess.
+1
level 62
Jan 25, 2019
Only the northern part of Argentina is always warm; the center is temperate on average, while the south is cold.
+1
level 73
Dec 14, 2016
Oh man, tried Wellington and DC to rule out Oceania and North America and then guessed Ulaanbataar and after that completely focused on Europe. So I missed Ottawa, Astana and la Paz. Eejit. Good quiz, thanks.
+1
level 18
Apr 1, 2017
15/20! super tough quiz
+1
level 41
Jul 29, 2017
Is Ulaanbataar colder than Reykjavik
+5
level 53
Nov 29, 2017
According to the quiz, you should have your answer already.
+1
level 43
Sep 15, 2017
Tried Sucre, haven't thought of trying La Paz...
+2
level 23
Feb 5, 2018
very nice quiz
+1
level 59
Mar 26, 2018
poor mongols
+1
level 22
Sep 29, 2018
Is La Paz cold because its up in the mountains? Is it up in the mountains?
+1
level 46
Aug 11, 2019
Yes and yes
+1
level 22
Sep 29, 2018
Please can you do a biggest countries by overseas territories!!!????
+1
level 63
Nov 4, 2018
Got 16/20, but, somehow missed Ulaanbator and Astana
+1
level 34
Nov 4, 2018
Actually Amsterdam is colder than Berlin and Luxembourg with 9.2 degrees annually.
+1
level 65
Jan 29, 2019
Only 59% got Bern, even though it's in the picture. Mmmh maybe we've known just with the Matterhorn.
+1
level 62
Jan 29, 2019
I knew Lithuania would be there, so kept trying Vilvius, Vilius, just couldn't quite get there!
+1
level 76
Jan 29, 2019
Think of Sean Connery saying it in Hunt for Red October. He enunciates it quite distinctly.
+1
level 69
Jan 29, 2019
Did not bother to try Luxembourg after Brussels and Amsterdam were no good. Is it elevation or ocean exposure (Gulf Stream?) that cause this anomaly?
+1
level 41
Jan 29, 2019
wow Bolivia?? I didnt thought South American countries would be such cold, can I know why?
+2
level 69
Feb 3, 2019
Andes?
+1
level 22
Jan 29, 2019
Okay so, KAZAKHSTAN? MONGOLIA? BOLIVIA? LUXEMBOURG? end my life plz
+1
level 43
May 31, 2019
I don’t bloody believe this , I got all but Reykjavik
+1
level 44
Oct 29, 2019
I did not expect Ulaanbaatar and Nur-Sultan to be the top two
+1
level 24
Oct 31, 2019
there is Way to many A's for me to remember