Coldest World Capitals

Name the world's coldest national capitals by mean temperature according to Wikipedia.
Only federal capitals are used (i.e. not Nuuk)
When you guess the capital, the country will also appear
Quiz by mtthw
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Last updated: May 6, 2020
First submittedOctober 10, 2013
Times taken56,300
Rating4.98
4:00
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°C
Capital
Country
-0.4
Ulaanbaatar
Mongolia
3.5
Nur-Sultan
Kazakhstan
4.7
Reykjavik
Iceland
5.8
Moscow
Russia
5.9
Helsinki
Finland
5.9
Tallinn
Estonia
6.1
Riga
Latvia
6.6
Ottawa
Canada
6.7
Minsk
Belarus
6.7
Vilnius
Lithuania
°C
Capital
Country
6.8
Oslo
Norway
7.6
Stockholm
Sweden
8.4
Kiev
Ukraine
8.5
Warsaw
Poland
8.8
Bern
Switzerland
8.8
La Paz
Bolivia
9.1
Copenhagen
Denmark
9.3
Berlin
Germany
9.3
Luxembourg
Luxembourg
+4
Level 80
Oct 12, 2013
Fine quiz though I'm pretty sure there's another just like it on the site somewhere.
+13
Level ∞
Oct 18, 2013
Don't think so!
+3
Level 80
Dec 10, 2013
nevermind then. Good quiz. ;-)
+1
Level 54
Nov 6, 2013
Great quiz... Is there a hottest capitals quiz?
+4
Level 80
Dec 10, 2013
Here you go.

Though I decided to go with average annual high, rather than average temperature, which can have a significant effect on the rankings. I could have also gone with record highs, but then freak weather phenomena can have an effect, and the time that recordings have been taken each place becomes a factor, and it distorts the rankings even further.
+4
Level 74
Aug 15, 2014
What about the central Asian nations (Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan)? They'd be in the same league as Astana in Kazakhstan, surely?
+5
Level 88
Aug 22, 2014
I don't think so, if memory serves, Astana is something like 600+ miles north of Bishkek, the closest capital (Kyrgyzstan).
+5
Level 80
Sep 12, 2014
^yeah... Kazakhstan is pretty huge, and Astana is pretty far north in it. Consider that among the countries immediately to the south of the middle -stans, India has among the hottest capital cities in the world.
+2
Level 37
Jan 18, 2015
I watched something on tv that showed the country next to Afghanistan and this pass they have to go over where it's colder than anywhere...solid ice. Cannot remember which of those countries it was-- just than it was bordering and Muslim. It would have to be colder than some on the list....maybe it was Kazakhstan.... I need an old-fashioned Atlas, but with new info....my laptop is so small I get tired of online atlases. :(
+4
Level 80
Jan 18, 2015
Was the capital city located in that pass? Probably not.
+2
Level 80
Dec 14, 2016
That's Tajikistan, which capital is in the lowlands (as Kal suggested). While the average temperature for the country will probably be rather nippy, it will be balmy in Dushanbe.
+1
Level 52
Dec 14, 2016
A little research shows that Dushanbe gets a bit cold but not that cold in winter, with an average January temperature of 37.5 degrees Fahrenheit. It can often reach over 100 degrees in summer, so the average is relatively high.
+1
Level 65
Oct 24, 2014
I thought Helsinki was guessed... seems that it wasn't.
+2
Level 46
Jan 18, 2015
I was sure Kathmandu will be here...
+1
Level 37
Jan 18, 2015
Me too!
+6
Level ∞
Oct 18, 2016
Kathmandu is actually very warm. The average high is 25.6 Celcius and the mean temperature is a balmy 18.9. It's only 4,600 feet above sea level and its latitude is similar to Miami.
+3
Level 77
May 6, 2020
1380m is still quite high for a capital city. But not combined with latitude.
+3
Level 49
Jan 18, 2015
Holy crud! Mongolia has the coldest capital. Whoa!
+1
Level 37
Jan 18, 2015
This was great! I ran out of northern countries and could not figure out Bern but not Vienna, etc. Kiev but not Budapest, Sofia, etc... Prague but not Slovakia. Then I remembered mountains, micro-nations. Loved it!
+1
Level 68
Dec 14, 2016
bloody baltic states ! i still forgot them
+3
Level 70
Dec 14, 2016
Guess what I did ?............. got half way and then tried Kazakhstan and when it did not work tried Countries instead of Capitals till time ran out ............ what a dingbat!
+4
Level 78
Dec 14, 2016
We all do it now and then, so you're not alone in your dinginess.
+2
Level 38
Dec 14, 2016
can someone please explain to me how bolivia (la paz) is so cold? It is right by the equator and in between countries like argentina, brazil, uruguay, peru, etc. which are all very warm year round
+7
Level 65
Dec 14, 2016
Highest capital in the world. Nearly 12,000 feet above sea level
+1
Level 22
Sep 29, 2018
I think its in the mountains high up. Not sure tho just a guess.
+1
Level 67
Jan 25, 2019
Only the northern part of Argentina is always warm; the center is temperate on average, while the south is cold.
+1
Level 55
May 11, 2020
Andes, my friend, Andes. And the cold Peruvian current. Peru and Bolivia are the most influenced by it. While there's warm Brazilian current on the other coast. This is why Buenos Aires and Montevideo are warmer than Lima, which is FAR FAR north than Argentina and Uruguay capitals.
+1
Level 73
Dec 14, 2016
Oh man, tried Wellington and DC to rule out Oceania and North America and then guessed Ulaanbataar and after that completely focused on Europe. So I missed Ottawa, Astana and la Paz. Eejit. Good quiz, thanks.
+1
Level 18
Apr 1, 2017
15/20! super tough quiz
+1
Level 40
Jul 29, 2017
Is Ulaanbataar colder than Reykjavik
+7
Level 53
Nov 29, 2017
According to the quiz, you should have your answer already.
+1
Level 46
Jul 27, 2020
Yeah, Rejkyavik at least has Atlantic Ocean, while Ulan Bator is surrounded by Siberia and Gobi desert, one of he coldest places on Earth.
+1
Level 43
Sep 15, 2017
Tried Sucre, haven't thought of trying La Paz...
+2
Level 23
Feb 5, 2018
very nice quiz
+1
Level 61
Mar 26, 2018
poor mongols
+1
Level 22
Sep 29, 2018
Is La Paz cold because its up in the mountains? Is it up in the mountains?
+2
Level 58
Aug 11, 2019
Yes and yes
+1
Level 46
Jul 27, 2020
It is the highest capital and the highest airport in the world.
+2
Level 22
Sep 29, 2018
Please can you do a biggest countries by overseas territories!!!????
+1
Level 71
Nov 4, 2018
Got 16/20, but, somehow missed Ulaanbator and Astana
+2
Level 42
Nov 4, 2018
Actually Amsterdam is colder than Berlin and Luxembourg with 9.2 degrees annually.
+1
Level 66
Jan 29, 2019
Only 59% got Bern, even though it's in the picture. Mmmh maybe we've known just with the Matterhorn.
+1
Level 65
Jan 29, 2019
I knew Lithuania would be there, so kept trying Vilvius, Vilius, just couldn't quite get there!
+1
Level 78
Jan 29, 2019
Think of Sean Connery saying it in Hunt for Red October. He enunciates it quite distinctly.
+1
Level 68
Jan 29, 2019
Did not bother to try Luxembourg after Brussels and Amsterdam were no good. Is it elevation or ocean exposure (Gulf Stream?) that cause this anomaly?
+1
Level 41
Jan 29, 2019
wow Bolivia?? I didnt thought South American countries would be such cold, can I know why?
+3
Level 68
Feb 3, 2019
Andes?
+1
Level 26
Jan 29, 2019
Okay so, KAZAKHSTAN? MONGOLIA? BOLIVIA? LUXEMBOURG? end my life plz
+1
Level 60
May 31, 2019
I don’t bloody believe this , I got all but Reykjavik
+1
Level 62
Oct 29, 2019
I did not expect Ulaanbaatar and Nur-Sultan to be the top two
+1
Level 28
Oct 31, 2019
there is Way to many A's for me to remember
+2
Level 67
Nov 28, 2019
Surprising Amsterdam isnt here, since it is on the same latitude as berlin and more northern than luxembourg. I know it is closer to the sea, but still weird to see. (I live about 120km inland from amsterdam and indeed it is a couple degrees colder here usually, but part of that is also big city vs countryside. Buildings trap the heat, from all the people and cars)
+1
Level 77
May 6, 2020
Of course the sea makes a big difference. It's also north of Warsaw, Kiev, Nur-Sultan and Ottawa.
+1
Level 66
May 7, 2020
I can remember it being bitterly cold in Holland during the winters of '85 and '86. I have the photos of the Loosdrechtse Plassen frozen solid in February. And I had no ice skates! But I suppose it will have been even colder further East.
+1
Level 77
May 6, 2020
What changed since last edition? Prague is out it seems.
+1
Level 72
May 6, 2020
La Paz?? That can't be right.
+1
Level 83
May 7, 2020
It clearly is right. Highest capital city in the world, nearly 12,000 feet. You ever slept outside at that altitude?
+1
Level 66
Jul 18, 2020
The ideal average annual temperature for a country is around 14°C.
+1
Level 80
Jul 18, 2020
Incorrect. It's about 25 C. 14 is the ideal average annual temperature for a meat locker or maybe a morgue.
+1
Level 62
Sep 23, 2020
I typed Amsterdam, I typed Brussels- I thought Benelux is too warm and didn't bother to type Luxembourg- the only one I missed. :(
+2
Level 48
Oct 20, 2020
Nice quiz. I missed only La Paz, because I tried Sucre for Bolivia. I wonder what is temperature of Sucre.
+1
Level 57
Oct 23, 2020
Yeah, same.