Coldest World Capitals

Name the world's coldest national capitals by mean temperature according to Wikipedia.
Only federal capitals are used (i.e. not Nuuk)
When you guess the capital, the country will also appear
Quiz by mtthw
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Last updated: May 6, 2020
First submittedOctober 10, 2013
Times taken69,443
Rating4.97
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°C
Capital
Country
-0.4
Ulaanbaatar
Mongolia
3.5
Nur-Sultan
Kazakhstan
4.7
Reykjavik
Iceland
5.8
Moscow
Russia
5.9
Helsinki
Finland
5.9
Tallinn
Estonia
6.1
Riga
Latvia
6.6
Ottawa
Canada
6.7
Minsk
Belarus
6.7
Vilnius
Lithuania
°C
Capital
Country
6.8
Oslo
Norway
7.6
Stockholm
Sweden
8.4
Kiev
Ukraine
8.5
Warsaw
Poland
8.8
Bern
Switzerland
8.8
La Paz
Bolivia
9.1
Copenhagen
Denmark
9.3
Berlin
Germany
9.3
Luxembourg
Luxembourg
+6
Level 81
Oct 12, 2013
Fine quiz though I'm pretty sure there's another just like it on the site somewhere.
+19
Level ∞
Oct 18, 2013
Don't think so!
+4
Level 81
Dec 10, 2013
nevermind then. Good quiz. ;-)
+2
Level 56
Nov 6, 2013
Great quiz... Is there a hottest capitals quiz?
+6
Level 81
Dec 10, 2013
Here you go.

Though I decided to go with average annual high, rather than average temperature, which can have a significant effect on the rankings. I could have also gone with record highs, but then freak weather phenomena can have an effect, and the time that recordings have been taken each place becomes a factor, and it distorts the rankings even further.

+5
Level 74
Aug 15, 2014
What about the central Asian nations (Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan)? They'd be in the same league as Astana in Kazakhstan, surely?
+7
Level 89
Aug 22, 2014
I don't think so, if memory serves, Astana is something like 600+ miles north of Bishkek, the closest capital (Kyrgyzstan).
+7
Level 81
Sep 12, 2014
^yeah... Kazakhstan is pretty huge, and Astana is pretty far north in it. Consider that among the countries immediately to the south of the middle -stans, India has among the hottest capital cities in the world.
+2
Level 37
Jan 18, 2015
I watched something on tv that showed the country next to Afghanistan and this pass they have to go over where it's colder than anywhere...solid ice. Cannot remember which of those countries it was-- just than it was bordering and Muslim. It would have to be colder than some on the list....maybe it was Kazakhstan.... I need an old-fashioned Atlas, but with new info....my laptop is so small I get tired of online atlases. :(
+5
Level 81
Jan 18, 2015
Was the capital city located in that pass? Probably not.
+3
Level 82
Dec 14, 2016
That's Tajikistan, which capital is in the lowlands (as Kal suggested). While the average temperature for the country will probably be rather nippy, it will be balmy in Dushanbe.
+2
Level 52
Dec 14, 2016
A little research shows that Dushanbe gets a bit cold but not that cold in winter, with an average January temperature of 37.5 degrees Fahrenheit. It can often reach over 100 degrees in summer, so the average is relatively high.
+1
Level 23
Dec 15, 2020
Tashkent and Bishkek get blazing hot in the summer, which balance out their cool winters.
+1
Level 65
Oct 24, 2014
I thought Helsinki was guessed... seems that it wasn't.
+7
Level 47
Jan 18, 2015
I was sure Kathmandu will be here...
+2
Level 37
Jan 18, 2015
Me too!
+8
Level ∞
Oct 18, 2016
Kathmandu is actually very warm. The average high is 25.6 Celcius and the mean temperature is a balmy 18.9. It's only 4,600 feet above sea level and its latitude is similar to Miami.
+6
Level 78
May 6, 2020
1380m is still quite high for a capital city. But not combined with latitude.
+3
Level 49
Jan 18, 2015
Holy crud! Mongolia has the coldest capital. Whoa!
+1
Level 37
Jan 18, 2015
This was great! I ran out of northern countries and could not figure out Bern but not Vienna, etc. Kiev but not Budapest, Sofia, etc... Prague but not Slovakia. Then I remembered mountains, micro-nations. Loved it!
+1
Level 69
Dec 14, 2016
bloody baltic states ! i still forgot them
+4
Level 70
Dec 14, 2016
Guess what I did ?............. got half way and then tried Kazakhstan and when it did not work tried Countries instead of Capitals till time ran out ............ what a dingbat!
+5
Level 78
Dec 14, 2016
We all do it now and then, so you're not alone in your dinginess.
+3
Level 38
Dec 14, 2016
can someone please explain to me how bolivia (la paz) is so cold? It is right by the equator and in between countries like argentina, brazil, uruguay, peru, etc. which are all very warm year round
+10
Level 64
Dec 14, 2016
Highest capital in the world. Nearly 12,000 feet above sea level
+1
Level 22
Sep 29, 2018
I think its in the mountains high up. Not sure tho just a guess.
+2
Level 69
Jan 25, 2019
Only the northern part of Argentina is always warm; the center is temperate on average, while the south is cold.
+1
Level 56
May 11, 2020
Andes, my friend, Andes. And the cold Peruvian current. Peru and Bolivia are the most influenced by it. While there's warm Brazilian current on the other coast. This is why Buenos Aires and Montevideo are warmer than Lima, which is FAR FAR north than Argentina and Uruguay capitals.
+1
Level 73
Dec 14, 2016
Oh man, tried Wellington and DC to rule out Oceania and North America and then guessed Ulaanbataar and after that completely focused on Europe. So I missed Ottawa, Astana and la Paz. Eejit. Good quiz, thanks.
+1
Level 18
Apr 1, 2017
15/20! super tough quiz
+1
Level 39
Jul 29, 2017
Is Ulaanbataar colder than Reykjavik
+12
Level 53
Nov 29, 2017
According to the quiz, you should have your answer already.
+2
Level 49
Jul 27, 2020
Yeah, Rejkyavik at least has Atlantic Ocean, while Ulan Bator is surrounded by Siberia and Gobi desert, one of he coldest places on Earth.
+2
Level 43
Sep 15, 2017
Tried Sucre, haven't thought of trying La Paz...
+2
Level 23
Feb 5, 2018
very nice quiz
+1
Level 65
Mar 26, 2018
poor mongols
+1
Level 22
Sep 29, 2018
Is La Paz cold because its up in the mountains? Is it up in the mountains?
+4
Level 61
Aug 11, 2019
Yes and yes
+1
Level 49
Jul 27, 2020
It is the highest capital and the highest airport in the world.
+1
Level 20
Dec 15, 2020
Highest capital in the world. Lesotho is the highest average elevation in Africa, or the world. I can’t remember.
+1
Level 50
Dec 15, 2020
Africa. Bhutan has the highest average elevation. But Lesotho isn't far behind.
+1
Level 48
Dec 17, 2020
Lesotho is the nation with the highest low point in the world. Perhaps that's what you're thinking of?
+2
Level 22
Sep 29, 2018
Please can you do a biggest countries by overseas territories!!!????
+1
Level 73
Nov 4, 2018
Got 16/20, but, somehow missed Ulaanbator and Astana
+2
Level 43
Nov 4, 2018
Actually Amsterdam is colder than Berlin and Luxembourg with 9.2 degrees annually.
+2
Level 67
Jan 29, 2019
Only 59% got Bern, even though it's in the picture. Mmmh maybe we've known just with the Matterhorn.
+2
Level 65
Jan 29, 2019
I knew Lithuania would be there, so kept trying Vilvius, Vilius, just couldn't quite get there!
+1
Level 78
Jan 29, 2019
Think of Sean Connery saying it in Hunt for Red October. He enunciates it quite distinctly.
+1
Level 68
Jan 29, 2019
Did not bother to try Luxembourg after Brussels and Amsterdam were no good. Is it elevation or ocean exposure (Gulf Stream?) that cause this anomaly?
+1
Level 41
Jan 29, 2019
wow Bolivia?? I didnt thought South American countries would be such cold, can I know why?
+4
Level 68
Feb 3, 2019
Andes?
+1
Level 44
Dec 11, 2020
Bolivia because of of the elevation. they have the highest capital and airport
+1
Level 26
Jan 29, 2019
Okay so, KAZAKHSTAN?

MONGOLIA?

BOLIVIA?

LUXEMBOURG?

end my life plz

+2
Level 64
May 31, 2019
I don’t bloody believe this , I got all but Reykjavik
+1
Level 66
Oct 29, 2019
I did not expect Ulaanbaatar and Nur-Sultan to be the top two
+1
Level 28
Oct 31, 2019
there is Way to many A's for me to remember
+2
Level 67
Nov 28, 2019
Surprising Amsterdam isnt here, since it is on the same latitude as berlin and more northern than luxembourg. I know it is closer to the sea, but still weird to see. (I live about 120km inland from amsterdam and indeed it is a couple degrees colder here usually, but part of that is also big city vs countryside. Buildings trap the heat, from all the people and cars)
+1
Level 78
May 6, 2020
Of course the sea makes a big difference. It's also north of Warsaw, Kiev, Nur-Sultan and Ottawa.
+1
Level 65
May 7, 2020
I can remember it being bitterly cold in Holland during the winters of '85 and '86. I have the photos of the Loosdrechtse Plassen frozen solid in February. And I had no ice skates! But I suppose it will have been even colder further East.
+1
Level 78
May 6, 2020
What changed since last edition? Prague is out it seems.
+1
Level 72
May 6, 2020
La Paz?? That can't be right.
+2
Level 84
May 7, 2020
It clearly is right. Highest capital city in the world, nearly 12,000 feet. You ever slept outside at that altitude?
+1
Level 72
Jul 18, 2020
The ideal average annual temperature for a country is around 14°C.
+1
Level 81
Jul 18, 2020
Incorrect. It's about 25 C. 14 is the ideal average annual temperature for a meat locker or maybe a morgue.
+3
Level 72
Dec 15, 2020
Given seasonal changes, where in the summer the average high may be 30°C (16 above annual average), and in the winter the average low may be −2°C (16 below), it is quite reasonable that the ideal average annual temperature be around 14°C (and this is coming from a Malaysian).

For comparison, the average annual temperature of London is 11.2°C, Berlin 13°C, New York 12.1°C, Rome 15.7°C, Madrid 13.7°C, Bangkok 28.1°C.

+2
Level 72
Dec 15, 2020
In contrast, the two locations you mentioned has an optimum temperature of around 2°C 😏
+1
Level 81
Dec 15, 2020
Perfect year-round Honolulu > Chilly, dreary, often frozen Berlin. I stand by my figures.
+2
Level 72
Dec 15, 2020
Okay, so we differ. I'd rather live in a temperate region that snows in the winter and has mild summers (but that's just me) 😊
+1
Level 48
Dec 17, 2020
In that case 14 is clearly much too high!
+1
Level 64
Sep 23, 2020
I typed Amsterdam, I typed Brussels- I thought Benelux is too warm and didn't bother to type Luxembourg- the only one I missed. :(
+3
Level 48
Oct 20, 2020
Nice quiz. I missed only La Paz, because I tried Sucre for Bolivia. I wonder what is temperature of Sucre.
+1
Level 66
Oct 23, 2020
Yeah, same.
+1
Level 51
Dec 15, 2020
Forgot that Canada's capital was not Toronto ._.
+1
Level 25
Dec 15, 2020
I'll argue Nuuk should be on the list too
+3
Level 65
Dec 15, 2020
Go on then
+1
Level 62
Dec 15, 2020
Pretty surprised by Berlin! It does get cold there, but it also gets really really hot in the summer (I've seen it at 39°C), so I thought it would somehow balance out - but then again, you could probably say the same thing for Moscow or Warsaw (the only time I went to Warsaw was in June 2019, and I've never been so hot in my life - lovely city, though). Friggin' continental climate!
+2
Level 66
Dec 15, 2020
Wow, these really are mean temperatures.
+1
Level 39
Dec 17, 2020
Great quiz! Subscribed
+1
Level 48
Dec 17, 2020
Really surprised by Luxemburg. I used to live near there and it's well known for being roasting in the summer. Must be pretty frigid this time of year.
+1
Level 62
Dec 20, 2020
I've been there only once, in November, and I wasn't surprised! I guess it's one more example of that friggen' continental climate!
+1
Level 50
Jan 20, 2021
I typed "Astana" and "Sucre" because almost every other quiz accepts them for Nur-Sultan and La Paz respectively... feels bad man
+1
Level 31
Jan 26, 2021
really suprised with la paz,,
+2
Level 51
Apr 1, 2021
They say don't invade Russia in the winter, but the Mongols did, and they steamrolled them. Looking at this chart, you can see why.
+1
Level 26
Apr 1, 2021
i tried Amsterdam and Brussels... why the hell would i attempt Luxembourg?? Guess they showed me lol