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Countries by Population Decrease

Name the countries that have experienced the greatest episodes of population loss since 1959.
Only one episode per country is considered. By absolute numbers, not relative numbers
Population according to Worldometers, except for #1
Based on modern-day territorial boundaries. Not counting events where one country split from another (Bangladesh leaving Pakistan, e.g.)
Quiz by Quizmaster
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First submittedDecember 29, 2016
Last updatedMay 9, 2019
Times taken17,123
Rating4.05
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Decrease
Span
Cause
Country
13.5 m
1959 - 1961
Famine
China
7.67 m
1990 -
Demographics
Ukraine
5.35 m
1992 - 2008
Demographics
Russia
4.00 m
1990 -
Demographics
Romania
2.73 m
2010 - 2018
War
Syria
1.23 m
1974 - 1983
Demographics
Germany
1.80 m
1979 - 1987
War
Afghanistan
1.99 m
1985 -
Demographics
Bulgaria
1.71 m
2009 -
Demographics
Japan
1.51 m
1989 -
Demographics
Georgia
1.50 m
1990 - 2001
Demographics
Kazakhstan
1.31 m
1990 - 1995
War / genocide
Rwanda
1.15 m
1995 -
War / demographics
Serbia
1.10 m
1980 -
Demographics
Hungary
1.00 m
1988 -
War / genocide /
demographics
Bosnia and
Herzegovina
0.839 m
1974 - 1980
Genocide
Cambodia
0.833 m
1991 -
Demographics
Lithuania
+4
level ∞
Dec 29, 2016
On the other end of the spectrum, India has gained at least 9 million people in every year since 1960.
+2
level 60
Dec 29, 2016
Is there a quiz for countries by Population Increase, and if not, can you make one?
+1
level ∞
Dec 30, 2016
It wouldn't be quite the same since almost all countries are growing. There is this quiz however.
+1
level 60
Dec 29, 2016
What I would like to know is Which of these are from people leaving the country and which ones are from Death?
+1
level 73
Dec 30, 2016
It's all together, it's just the difference in numbers for whatever reason - deaths, emigration, or low fertility rate.
+4
level 84
Dec 30, 2016
This is a really great quiz. Really had to think.
+3
level 73
Dec 30, 2016
Maybe need to add another qualifier to the remarks - I'm sure Pakistan lost way more than all of these combined when Bangladesh declared independence
+7
level 67
Dec 30, 2016
If you're going to go down that road then you open a can of worms. Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia seperating, South Sudan gaining independence from Sudan etc etc.
+6
level 73
Jan 29, 2019
That's why I said that it might warrant another caveat and not that Pakistan should be added
+7
level ∞
Dec 30, 2016
Thanks. Added a caveat. The World Bank data doesn't take that into account.
+6
level 69
Dec 31, 2016
I think "genocide" might be more suitable for Cambodia than "warfare". The fighting in Cambodia killed far fewer people than were executed/starved as a result of the Khmer Rouge.
+4
level 62
Jan 1, 2017
Rwanda should be warfare/genocide.
+3
level ∞
Jan 2, 2017
Changed Cambodia and Rwanda to genocide.
+2
level 62
Jan 3, 2017
Funny how most of these are either former Soviet republics or communist countries.
+2
level 60
Apr 9, 2017
Just naming the larger former USSR republics will get you five answers total.
+2
level 32
Apr 9, 2017
Key to this is knowing which countries are entering Stage 5 of the Demographic Transition Model - mostly eastern Europe!
+4
level 69
Apr 15, 2018
Kinda telling that most of these countries were either under communist rule when this happened, or had recently been under communist rule. All in fact apart from Japan, Rwanda and Syria (and in Germany's case, only part of the country and over a decade earlier).
+2
level 53
Mar 30, 2019
Not really. The majority of these were under capitalist systems. And China is doing quite well as far as population goes right now.
+1
level 57
Jun 18, 2019
A couple of these were directly because of Communism. Quite a lot were because of a decline in birth rates following the dissolution of the USSR.
+1
level 67
Aug 1, 2018
Are the Cambodian and Rwandan numbers mixed up? I thought around 800 000 were killed in the Rwandan genocide, and millions in the Cambodian.
+4
level ∞
May 8, 2019
The numbers are accurate. Keep in mind that even while people are being killed, others are being born.
+2
level 67
May 16, 2019
Should the date for Syria not be ongoing rather than 2018? The fighting hasn't stopped, judging by the news reports, albeit ISIS have been all but wiped out territorially.
+1
level 71
May 18, 2019
Yeah, I don't think there's any sign that Syrians are done running away from/and being murdered.
+1
level ∞
May 18, 2019
I trust the numbers. Intuition fails us in regards to demographics. For example, you might think that the population of Iraq fell during its many conflicts. But you'd be wrong. Its population has increased monotonically.
+1
level 46
Jun 18, 2019
wait but does it mean the difference between in 1959 and now? Its confusing because china's population grew though.
+1
level 77
Jun 18, 2019
No it counts any episode of population loss within that date range. Chinese population dropped dramatically during the "Great Leap Forward"- following the adoption of Communist principles when the country was led by dangerously deluded people who put ideology before facts, local leaders were afraid to report that the forced land/labor redistributions that their socialist leaders commanded had not resulted in huge boosts to productivity. In fact the agricultural yields were much lower, but, afraid to report the truth, local bureaucrats reported that they were higher. A percentage of the yields had to be sent to Beijing, so this resulted in many provinces sending basically all of their food to the capital leaving nothing for themselves to eat. Some estimates of the death toll exceed 20 million people, but it's hard to say for sure. After the country recovered from the famine and economic recession that followed, there was a baby boom and the population began to rapidly recover.
+1
level 56
Jun 18, 2019
What happened in Germany between 1974 and 1983?
+1
level 50
Jun 24, 2019
This is probably only from East Germany. As for what happened then, I'm not sure.
+1
level 60
Jun 18, 2019
THIS was tough!