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Countries with the Lowest Murder Rate

Can you name the countries of the world that have had the lowest rate of intentional homicide since 2000?
Primary source: United Nations
Average rate for the years 2000–2019. Rate = Murders / 100,000
Quiz by Quizmaster
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Last updated: August 26, 2021
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First submittedNovember 18, 2018
Times taken38,456
Average score63.6%
Rating4.48
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Country
0
Vatican City
0.30
San Marino
0.37
Andorra
0.40
Japan
0.42
Singapore
0.49
Qatar
0.60
Bahrain
0.64
Iceland
Rate
Country
0.65
Brunei
0.67
United Arab Emirates
0.71
Switzerland
0.74
Austria
0.76
Norway
0.81
South Korea
0.89
Netherlands
0.91
Slovenia
Rate
Country
0.91
Italy
0.94
Spain
0.95
Luxembourg
1.00
Denmark
1.01
Sweden
1.03
Monaco
low
(data missing)
Taiwan
+9
Level ∞
Nov 18, 2018
The data comes from the primary source. However, I used the secondary source to sanity check. For instance, the primary source reports that the murder rate in Burkina Faso is around 0.6. The secondary source reports it at over 18. Knowing what we do about Burkina Faso, it's likely that the primary source is not an accurate representation of the true murder rate. In total, three countries were removed due to inconsistencies between the two data sources (Burkina Faso, Indonesia, and Senegal).
+5
Level 75
Nov 18, 2018
What does "rate" mean? Perhaps you could specify that in the instructions?
+5
Level ∞
Nov 18, 2018
Whoops. That has now been included.
+1
Level 43
May 28, 2019
Are you sure it is not

Rate = Murders * Polulation / 100,000

+2
Level 72
Nov 14, 2019
No the formula is: (Murders/Population)*100,000, but what QM wrote was just the definition of the rate.
+1
Level 67
Apr 15, 2020
@HatemAli You've got the right formula.
+2
Level 58
Nov 18, 2018
What is meant by rate? Like is it per 100 people, 1000 people, or 10000 people? Please specify it
+1
Level 65
Nov 19, 2018
Rate = Murders / 100,000
+1
Level 43
May 28, 2019
Are you sure it should not be

Rate = Murders * Polulation / 100,000

+2
Level 67
Sep 25, 2021
Murders/100,000 would mean Denmark has 100,000 murders per 100,000 people.
+5
Level 71
Nov 19, 2018
no bhutan ?
+32
Level ∞
Nov 19, 2018
Can't tell if you're being serious but no. Despite popular misconceptions, Bhutan is no Shangri-la.
+3
Level 71
Sep 25, 2021
Jumping off of that, Bhutan has pretty bad policies towards its ethnic minorities, especially Nepalis. You can read more about it here. Not saying Bhutan's completely terrible--it's still beautiful and a place I'd love to visit--it's just worth keeping in mind that it still has many of the same problems that other developing countries have.
+4
Level 81
Nov 19, 2018
If you included two more years, Vatican would've been way off this list.
+14
Level 61
Nov 19, 2018
Four Muslim countries on this list! Take that in, Islamophobes!
+37
Level 80
Nov 19, 2018
Far more non Muslim countries though hey, take that in, ridiculous statement makers.
+68
Level 67
Nov 23, 2018
Three countries with the letter "w" in on this list! Take that in, w-phobes!
+2
Level 55
Jan 23, 2019
now 4
+6
Level 84
Jan 23, 2019
Also pokes some holes in the theory that harsh punishments do not work as a deterrent.
+19
Level 58
Jan 23, 2019
How so? There are only two countries on the list that executed people in 2016, Japan and Singapore. The vast majority don't have 'harsh punishments' and so that would suggest that you don't need harsh punishments as a deterrent. If they worked then China, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Pakistan, Egypt, USA etc. would all be topping this list?
+5
Level 65
Jan 23, 2019
USA doesn't follow through with most of their "harsh" punishments. Death penalty sentences in most states are not carried out. With our messed up legal system that is riddled with corrupt lawyers, it is easy to get a sentence reduced.
+9
Level 84
Jan 23, 2019
hirsute: Saudi Arabia has an extremely low crime rate, beating out places like Canada, Kuwait, and Belgium. As do other similar countries the UAE, Bahrain, and Qatar, which are the ones we're actually talking about. Try to focus. Part of the reason for this is that people in those countries are afraid. Everyone knows that there are harsh punishments, and police presence is felt almost everywhere. It's not the only reason but it's a big part of it. I've actually lived in these places before. Have you?

Saudi Arabia's crime rate is very very low but it's still a big country. It's not just about punishment but also policing. The other Gulf states that make the above list have even lower crime rates because they are smaller and easier to control. Iraq, Pakistan and Egypt are huge, populous countries that in many places are pretty lawless. It's downright silly to try and make a comparison between them and the smaller, more prosperous police states of the Gulf.

+3
Level 84
Jan 23, 2019
But if you were going to, Iran, Egypt, Kurdistan, Syria, and Kuwait all have much lower intentional homicide rates than places like Estonia, Martinique, Greenland or the United States.
+1
Level 62
Oct 1, 2021
You make some good points but I think it's really difficult to completely analyse why the crime rate is so low.

I believe the structure of the society in the Gulf states is probably relevant. Most violent crime is committed by people in poverty which I don't believe exists in the same capacity as in the west.

You have wealthy locals and well paid expats who are unlikely to commit such crimes and then the "lower classes" are all immigrants that have their basic needs taken care of, they send money home to their families, and they will immediately be deported if they so much as fart near a local. They're there to make money. I don't think the same can be said for a lot of lower class people in other countries.

+2
Level 71
Nov 25, 2018
Out of interest what are the rates for USA, Canada and Australia? Link won't load for me for some reason.
+4
Level 58
Jan 23, 2019
USA in 2016 was 5.35. Higher than Pakistan, angola, Cuba and North Korea. I am glad to be living in the UK with a rate of 1.2. Nearly 5 times less likely to be murdered than in the USA! Australia 0.94 and Canada 1.68
+4
Level 65
Jan 23, 2019
If Australia was 0.94 it should be on the list.
+3
Level 84
Jan 23, 2019
This difference will have no appreciable effect on your life whatsoever. The odds that it would are similar to the odds of winning the lottery.
+8
Level 67
Jan 25, 2019
@kal, this isn't true. Murders affect far more people than the one who was murdered. Not just family, friends, etc. but probably everyone in the surrounding area, and the difference will almost certainly be noticeable if you happen to be a police officer, someone involved in criminal justice, a forensic anthropologist, or a variety of other professions. The chances probably are that you will never be significantly and demonstrably affected by a higher murder rate. But the chances that you will be are far greater than winning the lottery (assuming you mean the jackpot, winning a small prize at some point is quite likely if you play enough).
+6
Level 84
Jan 26, 2019
I didn't say that they were exactly the same. I said similar. Very very small. AND... I was speaking to the difference in murder rate between the USA and the UK. (which, if you are not a drug dealer or in a gang in the United States, is actually all but non-existent).

I could split hairs even further and say I was not talking about any specific lottery (some drawings are not that contested and I didn't actually say the jackpot), but the point is that it's stupid to be happy that you're living in the UK vs the USA if the reason for that happiness is the difference in murder rates. This will not affect your life.

+3
Level 66
Feb 16, 2019
9-11 has affected many peoples lives, while statistically only a small percentage of people died that day.
+4
Level 58
Jan 23, 2019
Looks like the Caribbean and Central and South America are the places to avoid if you don't want to be murdered. El Salvador 82.84 and in Brazil there were 61, 283 murders in one year! Puts the USA in the shade with it's paltry 17,250 murders
+3
Level 74
Jan 23, 2019
Looks like someone's taking the countries with the highest numbers in each region and making a blanket statement for the whole of said regions. >___>
+6
Level ∞
Aug 26, 2021
Sorry @Ferbin. Latin America has by far the highest murder rate of any region.
+1
Level 64
Nov 30, 2022
Out of interest, is there a significant difference between the Southern Cone and the rest of Latin America? Wouldn't be surprised if the most affluent part of Latin America was also the least homicide-y.
+1
Level 58
Nov 26, 2018
Absence of Canada surprised me a bit.
+1
Level 58
Jan 23, 2019
Canada 1.68, quite a long way off unfortunately
+1
Level 84
Jan 23, 2019
Got everything except Germany.
+6
Level 65
Jan 23, 2019
One wonders where Norway would be on this list, minus the actions of Anders Breivik. It's also interesting that the whole nordic noir movement has taken off in recent years, and is so popular internationally, and yet these countries have such low homicide rates. Coming soon to your TV screens, the Arab Gulf noir movement....or maybe not? Doesn't quite have the same ring to it.
+5
Level ∞
Aug 26, 2021
I just did the math. They would be 2 spots higher with a rate of 0.69. That one incident more than doubled Norway's murder rate in 2011.
+1
Level 74
Jan 23, 2019
Bhutan?
+1
Level 67
Jan 25, 2019
Apparently we can't read ^^
+3
Level 26
Jan 23, 2019
Ok, so where the heck is finland? me is gunna die
+4
Level 68
Jan 23, 2019
These stats are going to change real soon with the influx of Muslims coming into Europe!
+24
Level 78
Jan 23, 2019
Well that was uncalled for.
+21
Level 74
Jan 23, 2019
The influx has been happening already for years, and yet they haven't affected the numbers. But go ahead and believe the xenophobic false propaganda some politicians and media are feeding you. >__>
+7
Level 84
Jan 23, 2019
Will you see more organized groups of men systematically grooming underage girls to be gang raped and then not prosecuted by police who fear that doing so would make them seem racist? Probably. But murder? Not so much. The murder rates in most Muslim countries are lower than that of Eastern Europe.
+4
Level 28
Jul 5, 2020
yes because many implement sharia based strict laws that discourage crimes
+3
Level 24
Jan 24, 2019
What about Finland? Surprised it wasn't on the list.
+3
Level 73
Sep 25, 2021
High level of gun ownership, high level of alcoholism, a culture of getting involved in everyone else's business other than your own (i.e. jealousy).. it all adds up to a few more murders here than you'd think.
+1
Level 48
Jan 24, 2019
Japan and Germany are apparently among the countries with the cleverest murderers
+1
Level 36
Jan 25, 2019
Oddly enough (or perhaps not) this list matches up with countries that have higher than average national IQ scores.
+2
Level 67
Jan 25, 2019
Better education is definitely correlated with both.
+4
Level 84
Jan 27, 2019
there is no such data available from any source that has not been almost universally panned and discredited.
+2
Level 67
Jan 28, 2019
I suspect you could find a correlation if there was any good data. But it is perfectly possible that there never can be good data because studies comparing nations where everyone is in a Western education system to ones where most people aren't educated are going to be biased somehow anyway.
+1
Level 73
Sep 24, 2022
Considering a large number of serial killers have high IQs, I find your comment to be bunk.
+3
Level 66
Feb 16, 2019
The amount if Asian/middle east countries surprised me (admittedly I got none...) also missed Slovenia, and sort of didnt expect Spain to be on here though I got it.
+1
Level 66
Feb 16, 2019
And yes, I tried canada.. ;)
+3
Level 66
Feb 16, 2019
I love how the description says "intentional" homicides haha. So the oops, I killed you, don't not count
+4
Level 67
Sep 25, 2021
I did some criminal justice work in Malawi, where people are held as "murderers" if they bear any responsibility (none at all, sometimes) for someone's death. One man I met was driving a moped with his friend on the back when his friend had an epileptic seizure, fell off the moped, hit his head, and died. The police did not dispute this. Yet he was still held as a murderer. The law also provides for manslaughter, but it's incumbent on the defendant to establish that, and most of these people are poor farmers who don't even understand the distinction. It was very sad to see.
+1
Level 38
Apr 21, 2020
Africa and the Americas are not happy...
+1
Level 68
Nov 11, 2020
20/22 first try, thought about trying Slovenia but then didn't do it. Happens way to often to me. Never would have guessed Brunei though.
+2
Level 75
Aug 28, 2021
Taiwan's figures, if you average the numbers over the 9 selected years between 2001 and 2015 in this page, give a rate of 0.88.
+1
Level 67
Aug 29, 2021
Italy surprised me. I thought with all the mafia and stuff they wouldn't make the list but maybe the stereotype is exaggerated.
+1
Level 70
Sep 25, 2021
Italy is a very safe country, despite all the mafias. In fact, fortunately, a murder is still an important news here.

Fortunately, owning a weapon is very difficult

+3
Level 85
Aug 30, 2021
This is why I have been avoiding Liechtenstein ... too dangerous.
+1
Level 66
Sep 25, 2021
Ahahaha
+3
Level 84
Sep 25, 2021
I've long had my eye on those murderous kiwis.
+2
Level 71
Sep 27, 2021
That is funny with those micronations, with 1 murder in 1 year, the murder rate explodes from 0 to 2.6 :D
+1
Level 66
Sep 25, 2021
Portugal is 0.8
+1
Level 68
Sep 25, 2021
I didn't expect Italy because of their mafia/organised crime which is really a big one 🤫😅
+2
Level 72
Sep 25, 2021
The Italian Mafia has lost much of its presence in Italy over the years.
+1
Level 46
Sep 25, 2021
what about all the oceania countries? they have very small populations. very surprising to not see them
+2
Level 72
Sep 25, 2021
You would be surprised about the level of crime and lawlessness in some of those microstates. Much of that is linked to a high degree of alcoholism prevalent in those countries. Added to their culture of male chauvinism, where being violent is often regarded as a symbol of male pride.
+1
Level 60
Sep 25, 2021
How do you know Taiwan is low if there's no data lol
+1
Level 57
Oct 25, 2022
probably no reliable data or exact numbers
+1
Level 45
Sep 25, 2021
Kind of insane how a country of over 100 million people is only outdone by microcountries with less than 100k people, same with Japan going for one of the highest life expectancies. Really odd one that country
+3
Level 65
Sep 27, 2021
A single person gets murdered in Vatican City and it's off the list...
+1
Level 73
Oct 25, 2022
I bet we could get it off the list real quick…
+1
Level 44
Dec 8, 2022
Who's getting murdered in Liechtenstein???
+1
Level 27
Jan 22, 2023
What? The murder rate of Japan is only 0.4%? That's impossible! Just a pupil detective from Beika, Tokyo could solve more than 1000 murders within half a year.
+1
Level 37
Jan 26, 2023
I don't know I don't really trust that number for Japan