Why did Constantinople get the works?
When Anatolia was overrun by various Muslim Central Asian Turkic peoples it eventually became the center of the Turkish Ottoman Empire. The Ottoman Empire grew to control most of SW Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa. The Empire was always multiethnic and multilingual but Arab culture, religion, and language played an important role. In Arabic it is common to take the root name for a place, add an "y" to make a new word referring to people from that place, or "ia" to refer to the place itself. i.e. "Saudia" is the place and "Saudi" are the people from that place. Rusis are from Rusia. "Turkia" is the place and "Turki" refers to people from that place. Cross-cultural mistranslation led to English people referring to the land as "Turkey" instead of "Turkia."
When English-speakers arrived in the New World, they saw the very similar-looking American turkey and thought: "hey look! It's a Turkey bird!" (a.k.a. the popular bird that the Europeans got through trade from Turkey... even though they are actually from Africa.) That's how the American bird ended up being called a turkey.