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History of Turkey

Try to answer these questions about the history of Turkey.
Includes both the modern nation of Turkey and previous people that inhabited the region
Last updated: July 17, 2017
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Question
Answer
What ancient city was the site of Homer's "Iliad"?
Troy
What was Istanbul formerly known as?
Constantinople
Who is considered the father of the modern Republic of Turkey?
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
What was the title of the leader of the Ottoman Empire?
Sultan
What was the title of that leader's chief advisor?
Grand Vizier
What tassled red hat was part of the official Ottoman army uniform in the 1800s?
Fez
What war caused the downfall of the Ottomans?
World War I
What country, faced with a labor shortage, invited Turkish workers to immigrate in 1960?
West Germany
What military alliance did Turkey join in 1952?
NATO
What controversial President has been accused of eroding
democracy since his election in 2014?
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
What offshoot of the Roman empire survived in Turkey until the 1400s?
Byzantine Empire
What island country did Turkey invade in 1974?
Cyprus
What Greek leader conquered most of Turkey in the 300s BC?
Alexander the Great
What empire controlled Turkey before that?
Achaemenid Empire
(Persia)
What group of the people were the victims of a genocide from 1915-1917?
Armenians
What language, spoken by 12% of the population, was banned from 1980-1991?
Kurdish
What train route connected Paris and Istanbul?
Orient Express
What Roman city had a population of around a half million at the time of Jesus?
Antioch
What group of people wanted to modernize and democratize the
Ottoman Empire in the early 1900s?
Young Turks
What city, the third most-populous in Turkey, was formerly known as Smyrna?
Izmir
+5
level 78
Jul 17, 2017
It's Istanbul not Constantinople, Why did Constantinople get the works?
+7
level 73
Jul 17, 2017
That's nobody's business but the Turks
+3
level 67
Mar 9, 2018
People just liked it better that way.
+2
level 45
Mar 9, 2018
If you have a date in Constantinople she'll be waiting in Istanbull
+5
level 63
Jul 18, 2017
Istanbul was formerly formerly known as Byzantium.
+5
level 80
Jul 19, 2017
Constantinople was formerly known as Byzantium. Istanbul was formerly known as Constantinople.
+2
level 65
Mar 9, 2018
No, Istanbul was formerly known as Konstantiniyye.
+9
level 73
Mar 9, 2018
Constantinople was formerly known as Byzantium. Istanbul was formerly known as Constantinople and was also formerly known as Byzantium. "Formerly" does not mean "immediately preceding." Both answers ought to be accepted if the clue remains as worded.
+2
level 53
Mar 9, 2018
And technically, it was also 'New Rome' for a bit.
+2
level 60
Mar 9, 2018
Yes. Please change the clue or add Byzantium as an answer.
+5
level 70
Oct 25, 2017
Thank you for including questions about the Armenians and the Kurds. Important in the history of Turkey.
+1
level 73
Mar 9, 2018
Found this easy but I obsess about the history of the region.
+1
level 50
Mar 9, 2018
When you find yourself thinking that a small war caused the downfall of the ottoman empire only to feel stupid after the quiz ends and you see the answer.
+1
level 49
Mar 9, 2018
lol you don't remember how that war started haha
+2
level 47
Mar 9, 2018
Please accept The Great War for World War I.
+1
level 67
Mar 9, 2018
I think that designation became obsolete some time between '39 and '41.
+1
level 47
Mar 24, 2018
You're right, it became obsolete, but not until 1945. FDR never called it World War II, he always said "the War for Survival." He did help popularize "Second World War" but didn't like the term and asked the public in 1942 to submit alternate names. Eventually World War II became the popular term, but not until about 1943.
+2
level 48
Mar 9, 2018
Byzantium should be a perfectly acceptable answer for Istanbul's former name.
+2
level 55
Mar 9, 2018
Please accept Byzantium as an alternative to Constantinople
+2
level 55
Mar 9, 2018
Regardless of whether Byzantium is technically right or not, Constantinople is the answer the quiz author was looking for. If you know the name "Byzantium," you probably also know the much more famous "Constantinople." When Byzantium doesn't work, just type in Constantinople, and move on. Easy, and no fuss!
+1
level 27
Mar 9, 2018
They're surely making as much fuss as you are, the only difference being they have a legitimate reason.
+1
level 44
Mar 9, 2018
Darn countdown. I was typing "Antioch" when it ended.
+1
level 50
Mar 9, 2018
Will you accept Eastern Roman Empire as well as Byzantine Empire please?
+2
level 58
Mar 9, 2018
This should also accept "Assyrians" and "Greeks" (or "Pontic Greeks") for genocide victims.
+1
level 46
Mar 9, 2018
Thought this quiz was gonna be about the popular animal.
+1
level 73
Mar 22, 2018
Interesting (to me) bit of trivia: the American bird actually gets its name, in a roundabout way, from Turkey the country.

When Anatolia was overrun by various Muslim Central Asian Turkic peoples it eventually became the center of the Turkish Ottoman Empire. The Ottoman Empire grew to control most of SW Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa. The Empire was always multiethnic and multilingual but Arab culture, religion, and language played an important role. In Arabic it is common to take the root name for a place, add an "y" to make a new word referring to people from that place, or "ia" to refer to the place itself. i.e. "Saudia" is the place and "Saudi" are the people from that place. Rusis are from Rusia. "Turkia" is the place and "Turki" refers to people from that place. Cross-cultural mistranslation led to English people referring to the land as "Turkey" instead of "Turkia."
+1
level 73
Mar 22, 2018
For centuries the Ottoman Empire existed alongside and traded extensively with Europe. One of the commodities delivered to Europeans by the Turks was the African Guinea Hen.
When English-speakers arrived in the New World, they saw the very similar-looking American turkey and thought: "hey look! It's a Turkey bird!" (a.k.a. the popular bird that the Europeans got through trade from Turkey... even though they are actually from Africa.) That's how the American bird ended up being called a turkey.