Yes, they're similar, but there's a reason why we still use the Italian terms - if I want to cook using prosciutto, I simply cannot substitute ham and get the same result.
prosciutto is most definitely ham, the one you thinking of like parma ham is prosciutto crudo (raw ham)
I think it's may be putting too fine a point on it to change the quiz over; anyone who knows what gelato and ice cream are will be able to relate the two. So just an interesting FYI; eat gelato because it's richer... but better for you! 🍨👅
And "Spumante" can be translated well with "sparkling wine", the full word in italian is "Vino spumante", but everybody says only "spumante".
Also, "Spumante" does not mean sparkling but sparkling wine - sparkling is translated into "frizzante" and is used as an adjective (sparkling water = acqua frizzante, etc.)