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World Language General Knowledge #1

Answer these general knowledge questions about world languages.
Quiz by WolfCam
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First submittedDecember 14, 2017
Last updatedJanuary 25, 2018
Times taken12,841
Rating4.66
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Hint
Answer
What is the term for a language derived from Latin?
Romance Language
What is English for "Amigo"?
Friend
What is French for "French"?
Français
What archaic English word was a familiar form of the word "you"?
Thee or Thou
What country has 11 offficial languages including English, Afrikaans, and Xhosa?
South Africa
What country has 36 official languages, including Spanish, Quechua, Aymara, and Chiquitano?
Bolivia
What variety of Chinese is most commonly spoken in Hong Kong?
Cantonese
Among languages that were deliberately invented, which one has the most speakers?
Esperanto
What capital city has a name that means "Fair Winds" in Spanish?
Buenos Aires
What is another name for the Farsi language?
Persian
What alphabet does the Russian language use?
Cyrillic
Which Central American country has English as an official language?
Belize
In what language were the most important Hindu texts written?
Sanskrit
What language does the word "algebra" come from?
Arabic
What is "nueve" plus "once"?
Veinte
What is the official language of Bangladesh?
Bengali
What is the English translation of the German word "Schwein"?
Pig
What is the official language of Angola and East Timor?
Portuguese
What written language was deciphered by using the Rosetta Stone?
Egyptian Hieroglyphs
What is the study of languages called?
Linguistics
+9
level 76
Dec 21, 2017
Would "Ancient Egyptian" and "Egyptian" be acceptable alternatives to Hieroglyphics? I always thought that the hieroglyphics referred merely to the writing system, not to the language itself.
+1
level 59
Dec 22, 2017
Agree. Please except Egyptian.
+1
level 60
Dec 22, 2017
It does say "Written Language"
+14
level 44
Apr 28, 2018
Excepting Egyptian would mean it was not allowed
+6
level 75
Dec 21, 2017
Isn't the study of languages called philology?
+2
level 52
Dec 22, 2017
I thought so too.
+2
level 45
Dec 24, 2017
I think philology studies just the written texts
+1
level 51
Apr 28, 2018
Philology splits up into linguistics and literary science.
+1
level 33
May 17, 2018
Philology is about the history of language, and language found in older sources (whether written or spoken). Linguistics is the study of language more broadly, without the focus of history specifically. Back in the olden days, "philology" was also taken to mean comparative linguistics, but this use of the word has pretty much ended.
+1
level 56
Jan 16, 2019
never heard about philology, though I am into etymology. Guess there is quite an overlap
+1
level 49
Dec 22, 2017
Doesn't sign language have more speakers than Esperanto?
+6
level 71
Dec 23, 2017
Not all sign languages are the same or even mutually intelligible; even British and American are different. But most importantly, even though American Sign Language may rival Esperanto for number of speakers, sign languages are *not* constructed (or "invented", the term WolfCam problematically uses here). They are natural languages, just like any other spoken languages that evolved over time.
+1
level 35
Dec 23, 2017
If people would like to argue - modern Hebrew AKA Israelit has more speakers than Esperanto.
+1
level 15
Apr 28, 2018
I also thought of Hebrew or Iwrit as it is also called as the one language that has been invented and is truly used.
+3
level 62
Apr 28, 2018
Sign languages are natural languages, not constructed languages like Esperanto
+3
level 78
Dec 22, 2017
The language of Hinduism is a bit awkward. Maybe change it to the "Language that the sacred texts of Hinduism are written in" The way it is written it seems to be asking for what language do the majority of present day Hindus speak which is of course Hindi.
+1
level 67
Dec 23, 2017
Sanskrit also was first used as a language by people of North Syria not India.
+1
level 71
Dec 23, 2017
I agree completely with idontkn1. I think swiping the opening definition from the Wikipedia entry is warranted, as the definition is perfect: "Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism".
+1
level ∞
Jan 25, 2018
Changed the clue.
+1
level 52
Dec 22, 2017
Guyana, formerly British Guiana, is also a central American country which has English as an official language. I kept thinking I was spelling it wrong.
+10
level 38
Dec 22, 2017
Sorry. Guyana is in SOUTH America.
+1
level 45
Feb 25, 2019
Central America has eight countries- it's basically the mainland countries between the USA and South America. It doesn't include South America.
+6
level 71
Dec 23, 2017
WolfCam, to be fully accurate from a linguistic point of view, I would suggest you use the linguistics term "constructed languages" rather than "languages that were deliberately invented". And thanks for taking care of the errors so promptly; this is shaping up to be a really outstanding quiz. I hope there's more in the future! Thanks again!
+1
level 76
Dec 23, 2017
Cool quiz. Aced it easily, bit of a language nerd. Maybe for the sequel some question about Finnish/Hungarian/Estonian
+3
level 35
Dec 23, 2017
Please accept 'Egyptian" for which written language. Egyptian Heiroglyphics are the writing system rather than the language.
+2
level 68
Dec 23, 2017
Please accept Egyptian for hieroglyphics, and 20 for veinte (if we can recognize the words and do the math, that should be good enough).
+1
level ∞
Dec 24, 2017
Okay
+2
level 58
Apr 29, 2018
Actually, I can only count to 15 in Spanish, so I'm glad 20 is accepted.
+1
level 56
Jan 16, 2019
20 is but twenty isnt? That is kind of off... I knew it was 20, first tried vingt and venti. Then I figured I might just try the english word. wasnt accepted...
+2
level 58
Jan 2, 2018
I really think "Philology" should be accepted as its definition matches the hint.
+1
level 69
Jan 27, 2018
Took all three quizzes and the only one I got wrong was the one on the Russian alphabet. It's one of those things that I just can't remember no matter how many times I see the word. I ALWAYS try spelling it Cry-
+5
level 83
Mar 9, 2018
Could you accept swine for Schwein?
+2
level 67
Apr 28, 2018
that was my first try too.
+1
level 63
Apr 19, 2018
Great quiz!
+4
level 57
Apr 28, 2018
Please accept "romanic languages" as an alternative to "romance languages". It's commonly accepted, as described in Wikipedia and other fonts: https://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romance_languages
+2
level 15
Apr 28, 2018
same here, I knew it but also wrote romanic, romance sounds truly strange to me!
+1
level 65
Apr 28, 2018
My first try was "neo-latin", and it should be totally acceptable.
+1
level 56
Jan 16, 2019
agreed, I tried romanic first to see if it would be accepted ( had a suspicion it might not be) before trying romance
+1
level 48
Apr 28, 2018
So, it an Italic the language group from which Latin came from rather than from Latin like Romance.
+1
level 56
Jan 16, 2019
huh?
+1
level 58
Apr 28, 2018
I think more people speak Klingon than Esperanto.
+1
level 61
Apr 29, 2018
Not even close.
+1
level 56
Apr 29, 2018
If we're being picky (which we are), linguistics is more like the study of language, not languageS
+1
level 53
Apr 29, 2018
I kept confusing nueve as 19 until I had 5 minutes when I realised it was 9
+1
level 55
Apr 30, 2018
What is "nueve" plus "once"? Shouldn't that be "plus 'one'?", since "once" is a measurement of time rather than numbers.
+1
level 72
May 5, 2018
i was totally confused as well, but once is 11 in spanish, so 9 + 11 = 20
+4
level 38
May 2, 2018
Could "pork" or "swine" be accepted for "schwein"?
+2
level 33
May 17, 2018
I agree "swine" should be accepted for the Schwein question. But I don't think "pork" should be accepted, since that refers specifically to the food derived from pigs.
+1
level 76
Jul 29, 2019
I believe that if it were pork made for consumption it would be schweinefleisch no?
+2
level 52
May 30, 2018
Yeah, "swine" should be accepted.
+1
level 38
Nov 2, 2018
"Schwein" is the more literal translation, and Swine is a direct derivative thereof but in English we use "pig" and not "swine" as a pejorative.