English Word Etymologies

Give the word from the root and it’s derivation. Where the root, or part of it, is the current English word, a ? Is shown
Quiz by Anzi
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Last updated: January 31, 2018
First submittedJanuary 31, 2018
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Root
Etymology
Meaning
Word
Palantine Hill
Emperor’s residence on this hill of Rome
An opulent residence for a ruler
Palace
Kē-chiap
Chinese Amoy sauce of pickled fish and spices. The recipe changed as it moved around the worldi
Spicy sauce made chiefly from tomatoes and vinegar
Ketchup
French: ‘Genoa’
French word for the town where a twill fabric was invented. A coarser version was made in Nimes
Heavy cotton twirled material
Jean
Björn serkr
Old Norse ‘bear coat’.
One who fights with uncontrolled ferocity
Berserker
Greek: ‘ball of yarn’
Ariadne gave Theseus a ball of yarn to help him find his way out of the labyrinth
Something that points the way to solving a problem
Clue
John Duns Scotus
Philosopher and theologian who died before the Reformation, when his followers were ridiculed for adhering to his teachings
Someone who can’t learn.
Dunce
Latin: ‘knee’
Roman father would hold a newborn child on his knee to confirm paternity
Authentic, truly what it is said to be
Genuine
Admiral’s grogham cloak
Admiral Vernon’s nickname came from this cloak. He decreed that all his sailors should have rum every day, so the drink also got this nickname, as did its effect
Weak and unsteady, unable to think clearly
Groggy
Root
Etymology
Meaning
Word
Al-zahr
13th century Arabic for the dice used for gambling. Crusaders brought the games home
Danger; risk; chance
Hazard
Medieval Italian: ‘Bad air’
Infectious fever believed to be caused by the bad air around swamps
Disease carried by parasite transmitted by mosquitoes
Malaria
? + Mare
German: Evil female spirit who sits on your chest, suffocating you
Bad dreams
Nightmare
Ostrakon
Ancient Greek: shard of broken pottery used for closed ballot regarding potential exile of someone thought to be becoming too powerful for democracy to thrive
Exclude from a society or group
Ostracise
Italian ‘forty days’
During the Black Death ships were put into isolation on islands offshore for this period to attempt to halt the disease
Isolation to prevent potential health risks to others
Quarantine
4th Earl of ?
Playing cards, this Earl requested a slice of meat between two slices of bread so that the cards wouldn’t get greasy while he ate
Filling between two slices of bread
Sandwich
Latin: ‘three roads’
Place where people would hang around for idle chat
Unimportant information
Trivia
+2
Level 62
Jan 31, 2018
Great quiz!
+1
Level 48
Jan 31, 2018
Agreed!