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Palestine Quiz

Names these facts about the region known as Palestine
Last updated: March 19, 2019
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Hint
Answer
Ancient Biblical name for the region
Canaan
As a Roman province it was called this
Judea
Romans renamed the province to destroy its Jewish identity following this revolt
Bar Kokba
The province was renamed this
Syria Palaestina
Roman emperor who renamed it
Hadrian
Muslim Caliph that conquered the region
Umar Al-Khattāb
He visited the Temple Mount,
known to Muslims as this
Haram al-Sharif
And built this mosque,
significantly increasing the place's
martyrdom-worthiness
Al Aqsa
Only people to have a sovereign state in the region since pre-history
140 BC -
116 BC
Hasmoneans
1098-1291
Crusaders
1948-present
Israelis
(Some) major empires that conquered the region*


*not a complete list
1550 BC
Egyptian
740 BC
Assyrian
627 BC
Babylonian
539 BC
Persian
330s BC
Macedonian
73 BC
Roman
630s
Arab Caliphate
1260
Mongolian
1516
Ottoman
Hint
Answer
Major religion founded in the region
Judaism
Christianity
1916 Agreement to divide up the Middle East by Europeans
Sykes-Picot
Country in control during the
"mandate period"
United Kingdom
Grand Mufti of Jerusalem at the end of the Mandate period
Mohammad Husayni
Palestinian name for Israeli victory over invading armies
Al Nakba
The two major regions of the modern-day territory known as Palestine
Gaza
West Bank
#1 above was occupied by Egypt;
#2 was annexed by:
Transjordan
Both territories were occupied by Israel during this war
Six-Day War
Violent terrorist uprising against Israeli authority
Intifada
last two leaders of the PLO
Yasir Arafat
Mahmoud Abbas
Leading rival political factions in the Palestinian territories
Fatah
Hamas
Proposed capital for a future Palestinian state
East Jerusalem
Current de-facto capital
Ramallah
2nd largest city under the PNA
Hebron
3rd largest
Nablus
Oldest city in Palestine
Jericho
Alleged birthplace of Jesus
Bethlehem
Probable birthplace of Jesus
Nazareth
+1
level 76
May 8, 2014
I already knew what the two least-guessed answers were going to be when I published this. But, I think they're both pretty important, especially the Mufti who was largely responsible for taking his own personal opposition to Zionism (because it threatened his own influence in Jersualem, same familial/sectarian power struggles that had been going on in the city for centuries) and repackaging it as a pan-Arab pan-Muslim cause, and therefore kind of making him the co-father of "Arab" identity and Arab nationalism in the 20th century. So I'll leave them in here.

Hope y'all enjoyed the quiz.
+1
level 76
Feb 16, 2015
Fairly significant overhaul today. I think I improved some of the ambiguous questions/answers. I also added a few more historical questions as well as a few more notable cities.
+2
level 71
May 13, 2014
The intifadas weren't "terrorist" uprisings, they were popular uprisings and, the events which make for good 6 o'clock viewing notwithstanding, were mainly peaceful. Even factoring in the non-peaceful elements, the intifadas couldn't reasonably be called "terrorist".
+3
level 76
May 13, 2014
near daily killings that targeted random civilians, markets, school buses... no that's not terrorism at all.
+2
level 76
May 13, 2014
I actually started making a quiz titled "Is it terrorism?"... one of the most abused and misunderstood words of this century... maybe I should finish it.

In short, though, terrorism is a tactic, often employed by those who have no realistic hope of achieving and military or strategic victory (and with little regard for human life), whereby acts of violence are intentionally aimed at civilian non-combatants or property that has more symbolic than strategic value; the goal being to inflict as much mayhem and carnage as possible in as spectacular a way as possible to convince the average person that they could be next, and get the general population to exert pressure on their political or military leaders to change policy or make some concession in order to protect against future violence. The Intifada was the TEXTBOOK DEFINITION of terrorism. Maybe, if you want to be "reasonable," you could argue that some stages didn't start out that way.
+2
level 76
May 13, 2014
e.g. angry young men throwing rocks at IDF soldiers at Al Aqsa mosque when they were not let in. This is ignorance and lawlessness coupled with long simmering animosity - but certainly not terrorism. However, as the active ongoing campaigns that each intifada became they certainly were terrorist in nature and in the tactics they employed to achieve their goals. And those that disagreed with these tactics or tried to find a peaceful solution on the Palestinian side were often lynched as traitors by their own people, by the thousands. There is no way to characterize the intifada as anything else, and especially not as non violent, without being completely underinformed about what happened. I am fully aware of just how much misinformation is out there about what is going on in this part of the world, so I understand how one could be misled. I'm not even saying the separation wall and blockade was the best course of action, though it's hard to fault the Israelis looking at the above list.
+2
level 76
Feb 2, 2018
First of all, the whole "what would you do?" set up of your question is problematic because it relies on a narrative that is almost entirely false. So... nobody has ever been faced with the question posed in your hypothetical because this never happened.

On the other hand, if I ignore the false premise behind your question and ask myself a more reasonable question, for example: "what would you do if you were born to Muslim parents living in Gaza without Israeli citizenship?"
well... hard to say. That's a tough situation to be in. And... I imagine if I was born into it probably I would be brutalized by those around me into accepting as normal everything that I'm about to renounce. If I could somehow take my brain and transplant it into the body of someone born in that situation, though, I can tell you what I definitely would not do: and that's resort to violence and terrorism which has been totally counter-productive and achieved nothing but misery for 70 years.
+2
level 76
Feb 3, 2018
I did not call "Palestinians" terrrorists... I called the Intifada terrorist which it definitely was. And "terrorism" is not the killing of civilians. Terrorism is a tactic whereby, usually for lack of the military strength necessary to achieve any strategic goal, you intentionally target random civilians in order to produce the maximum number of casualties and carnage that you can, the goal being to convince ordinary people to, out of fear, put pressure on their leaders to change policy. The Israelis have been accused of resorting to similar tactics in Gaza, to try and convince the people there that being led by Hamas is bad for their lives, but even if the blockade and the use of some weapons systems in Operation Cast Lead were intended as psychological warfare, and this is morally questionable at best, I don't think it quite amounts to the same thing.
This is all sort of beside the point, though, as it's not a competition for a single title.
+2
level 76
Feb 3, 2018
You sound like Noam Chomsky. I am attempting to define a word. It's not a value judgment. This is a common depressing pitfall I see people end up in all the time when they talk about this subject. They just see terrorism as a word that's "bad"... without attempting to understand what it actually means... and so they want to apply that label to things or entities they see as bad and when they see it applied to other things they argue that those things in some ways aren't as bad.

This is completely missing the point. Words have meanings. Terrorism, war, war crimes, murder, killing, genocide, assault, oppression, occupation, theft... these words all have negative connotations. But they also have different meanings apart from the negative connotations. It's not as if they are all on a sliding scale and that "terrorism" is just a "worse" or grander form of "killing." Terrorism is a tactic. Not a superlative form of the word "killing."
+2
level 76
Feb 3, 2018
As to who antagonized who and who is responsible for more deaths in the conflict that's a completely different discussion but the fact that you don't think it is leads me to believe that you are confused about the point that I'm making.
+1
level 35
Mar 28, 2018
Thanks Kalbahamut - we don't agree on everything but sometimes you can be really awesome. Stand up for Israel!
+2
level 56
Nov 18, 2015
yes, it is very peaceful when a family goes out to eat pizza and lose their parents and 3 children due to a bomb...
+1
level 75
Jul 17, 2014
I tried Israeli instead of Israelis, and Roman instead of Rome, but neither were accepted.
+1
level 76
Apr 26, 2015
I changed the wording of these hints/answers so that they ought to be easier to guess now.
+1
level 44
Oct 3, 2014
A very interesting quiz! However, some of the questions are rather enigmatic, I would say. It took me few seconds to understand what you wanted us to guess - but it may just be my slow thinking (: However, I would point out that neither the Hasmoneans nor the crusaders can be characterised as "peoples", since the former were a dynasty and the latter an alliance of expeditionary armed forces and warrior monastic orders.
+1
level 76
Oct 3, 2014
I didn't say "peoples," I just said "people." The Crusaders and the Maccabees were definitely people. If you knew the answer to the question then the wording should not trip you up. There are no other possible answers. The land has been ruled by foreigners for 2700 of the past 3000 years. When it wasn't, who ruled there?
+1
level 60
Apr 26, 2015
Interesting quiz. Could you add Picot-Sykes and Bar Kochba (I understand that it's difficult cause it's transliterated). Thank-you
+1
level 76
Apr 26, 2015
Bar Kochba should already be an acceptable type-in. I added Picot-Sykes.
+1
level 76
Aug 18, 2017
There's not a single question here about Tel-Aviv, Jaffa, Caesarea, or Haifa. They all have to do with people and events from the West Bank and Gaza, at least going by the 1948 Armistice lines.
+1
level 70
Mar 7, 2018
Very interesting quiz, I like it. Don't mind in the least that it's not eligible for points, because I doubt I'd have scored any.
+1
level 76
Mar 7, 2018
It's possible to calculate how many points you would get if it *were* valid for points, based on your percentile score. I think you need to be 95% to get 5/5 points so that would require a score of 35 or better. To get 1/5 you need to score at least in the 25th percentile or get 50% of the answers right, whichever is higher, so on this quiz that would require 21 correct answers.
+1
level 52
Mar 7, 2018
Maybe consider adding the Ayyubid Caliphate as one of the region's conquerors? It's quite a fascinating story if you look into it - one of the most tumultuous times in the history of the Middle East. Crusaders, Arabs, Mongols, and (former) Siberians all fighting for the same place.
+1
level 76
Mar 7, 2018
I did say it's not a complete list. I think this is probably the most conquered place on Earth, being right at the cross-roads of all early Western civilizations, so many major empires, and three different continents.
+1
level 35
Mar 12, 2018
Well done Kalbahamut! Stand up for Israel! THE greatest country on Earth.
+2
level 76
Mar 13, 2018
I'm not trying to stand up for anyone, really. I'm not a nationalist. But.. there is historical fact... and then there are the myths woven by all sides about this region that often cloud historical fact.
+1
level 68
Sep 24, 2018
How could you leave off the British Empire? A "protectorate", "mandate" or any other euphemism for conquered land controlled by foreigners is just used to placate the imperialists. Nobody else is fooled. They're the ones responsible for the colonization of Palestine with the current European settlers.
+1
level 76
Sep 24, 2018
You sound very confused.
1. The British Empire features on this quiz. There are two questions pertaining to them. The list of empires that conquered the region is clearly labeled as incomplete, but the British Empire did not conquer Judea, they defeated the Ottoman Empire in WW1 and then had a mandate to control various parts of it until locals could take over.
2. Characterizing Israel as a European settlement or colony is wrong-headed. Jews have lived in Palestine for thousands of years. The Greek nationalists decided they wanted a Greek nation and many Greek-speaking people were consolidated from around the Ottoman Empire and the world into the southern portion of the Balkan peninsula which is now the country of Greece, nobody claimed that they were colonizing it. The idea that something different happened in Israel is anti-Israeli propaganda.
+1
level 76
Sep 24, 2018
There were new nationalist movements all over the world in the 19th and 20th centuries. Including amongst these was Zionism- a Jewish nationalist movement very much like any other. The Jews that sought a Jewish national homeland of course looked to Israel, the homeland of the Jewish people, where many Jews already lived, where many Jewish families had been living for hundreds of years all throughout the Ottoman period when the land had been conquered by foreign Muslim Turkic invaders, and all throughout history before that when it had been conquered and reconquered by Christian Crusaders, Arabs, Persians, and so on, on back to the time when it was conquered by Hebrews if you believe any part of the Exodus story. It made perfect sense to found a Jewish homeland there, but there was very strong opposition to this because Israel is surrounded by Muslim countries full of people that hate Jews. This is the difference between Zionism and Greek nationalism, or German nationalism, etc
+1
level 76
Sep 24, 2018
Jews had, of course, lived in Israel for thousands of years. Though so many foreign conquerors had tried to force them out, creating the Jewish diaspora. They still remained and kept returning. If you look at Ottoman census data, Jews became a majority in Jerusalem long before the British ever showed up, and they had significant presence in other Ottoman Palestinian cities, as well. "Palestinian," during the Ottoman period, was actually a term that was used to refer to Jewish residents in the area. This was before WW1 or WW2. During the British Mandate period, the British actually tried very hard to STOP or at least restrict Jewish immigration to the territory. In the 1940s the UN proposed a plan for two nation-states, one majority Jewish and one majority Muslim, by the people already living there, but the plan was rejected by the Muslims because they wanted it all for themselves. In '48 when the British withdrew, Israelis declared independence, and the Arab League declared war.
+1
level 76
Sep 24, 2018
Seven Arabic nations, along with the Arabic partisans of Palestine and volunteers from four other countries including the UK invaded Israel. The British were not on the side of the Israelis. In fact, many British military officers were fighting on behalf of the Jordanian army in this conflict. The Israelis were almost entirely on their own. But they were more organized and prepared and they were fighting for their homeland. They managed to defeat all of the invaders, pushing them back, taking more land than they originally had. And the invaders have been upset about this ever since then.