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Biggest European Cities by Century

Name the most populous cities in Europe for each century-ending year, 1000 to 1900 AD.
Source: Three Thousand Years of Urban Growth by Tertius Chandler
Last updated: February 02, 2018
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1900
6,480,000
London
3,330,000
Paris
2,707,000
Berlin
1,662,000
Vienna
1,439,000
St. Petersburg
1,255,000
Manchester
1,248,000
Birmingham
1,120,000
Moscow
1,072,000
Glasgow
940,000
Liverpool
 
 
1800
861,000
London
570,000
Constantinople
547,000
Paris
430,000
Naples
238,000
Moscow
237,000
Lisbon
231,000
Vienna
220,000
St. Petersburg
195,000
Amsterdam
172,000
Berlin
 
 
1700
700,000
Constantinople
550,000
London
530,000
Paris
207,000
Naples
188,000
Lisbon
172,000
Amsterdam
149,000
Rome
143,000
Venice
130,000
Moscow
124,000
Milan
1600
700,000
Constantinople
275,000
Naples
250,000
Paris
187,000
London
160,000
Adrianople
151,000
Venice
144,000
Seville
119,000
Milan
110,000
Granada
110,000
Lisbon
 
 
1500
225,000
Paris
200,000
Constantinople
125,000
Adrianople
125,000
Naples
115,000
Venice
104,000
Milan
90,000
Bruges
80,000
Lyon
80,000
Ghent
75,000
Rouen
 
 
1400
275,000
Paris
125,000
Milan
125,000
Bruges
110,000
Venice
100,000
Genoa
100,000
Granada
95,000
Prague
85,000
Caffa
75,000
Constantinople
70,000
Ghent
1300
228,000
Paris
150,000
Granada
150,000
Constantinople
110,000
Venice
100,000
Milan
100,000
Genoa
100,000
Sarai
90,000
Seville
60,000
Florence
54,000
Cologne
 
 
1200
250,000
Constantinople
150,000
Palermo
150,000
Seville
110,000
Paris
70,000
Venice
60,000
Milan
60,000
Córdoba
60,000
Granada
50,000
Cologne
40,000
London
1100
300,000
Constantinople
125,000
Seville
90,000
Palermo
60,000
Córdoba
60,000
Granada
55,000
Venice
50,000
Kiev
50,000
Salerno
45,000
Milan
40,000
Thessaloniki
 
 
1000
450,000
Córdoba
450,000
Constantinople
90,000
Seville
75,000
Palermo
45,000
Kiev
45,000
Venice
40,000
Thessaloniki
40,000
Regensburg
40,000
Ohrid
35,000
Amalfi
+5
level ∞
Jan 31, 2018
This quiz has been majorly revamped to use a better source. The Wikipedia article is misleading so I went back and found the original source. Unfortunately, this makes the quiz a lot harder. Only true history geeks will get more than half!
+8
level 73
Feb 2, 2018
That's not unfortunate. It gets boring when every quiz recycles the same few thousand answers over and over and over again for fear of stumping anyone.
+4
level 42
Feb 2, 2018
Wow, its the amazing kalbahamut (this is not a sarcastic comment)!
+1
level 54
May 15, 2018
Yes it is.
+1
level 73
May 15, 2018
here you go, djee
+3
level 63
Feb 20, 2018
I got over half but I'm hardly a true history geek.
+1
level 74
May 13, 2018
+1
+1
level 43
May 12, 2018
A lot harder but also much more interesting. Was Sarai actually a city as opposed to a 'camp'?
+5
level ∞
Jan 31, 2018
Also, notice the difference between 1800 and 1900. The effects of the Industrial Revolution were huge!
+22
level 79
Feb 1, 2018
I can't be the only one surprised to get Sarai. I was guessing Sarajevo.
+2
level 69
Feb 1, 2018
I did the same!
+3
level 69
Feb 1, 2018
I always find that no matter how boneheaded or bizarre I think a guess I made was, I can always count on finding someone else in the comments section who did the exact same thing. It gives me warm and fuzzy feelings. :-)
+1
level 60
Feb 1, 2018
Same here
+1
level 58
May 12, 2018
Yep, did that too
+1
level 31
May 18, 2018
ikr i was confused
+1
level 70
Feb 1, 2018
I can't believe Caffa and Ohrid and Amalfi are all scoring more than zero.
+1
level 69
Feb 1, 2018
I got Amalfi because I tried the 4 italian 'sea republics' we studied at school! (Amalfi, Genoa, Pisa and Venice)
+1
level 31
May 18, 2018
ive never heard of amalfi. i guessed genoa, venice, palermo, and naples, because i know they are big cities in italy.
+1
level 43
Feb 1, 2018
I wrote "stpetersburg" "stpetersburgh" "stpeterburg" "stpetersbourg" and none was accepted, btw the fist one is the correct spelling
+1
level 36
Feb 1, 2018
use a space after st
+6
level ∞
Feb 1, 2018
Spacing, capitalization, and punctuation never matter on JetPunk. I pasted "stpetersburg" directly from your comment and it was accepted,.
+1
level 38
Feb 1, 2018
I liked it! :)
+2
level 74
Feb 1, 2018
Nice revamp, Quizmaster.
+1
level 69
Feb 1, 2018
Indeed; kudos, Quizzymakerdudeguysupremo and/or relessness! Crazy hard at first blush, but a great doorway to learning some new things, which is why we (at least most of us!) are here!
+1
level 68
Feb 1, 2018
What happened between 1000 and 1100 that caused Córdoba and Constantinople to lose so many people?
+4
level 71
Feb 1, 2018
Have a look at their history on Wikipedia for example:
In 1002 Al-Mansur was returning to Córdoba from an expedition in the area of Rioja when he died. His death was the beginning of the end of Córdoba. The caliphate disintegrated during a civil war (the Fitna of al-Andalus) between the descendants of the last caliph, Hisham II, and the successors of his hayib (court official), Al-Mansur. In 1031, after years of infighting, the caliphate fractured into a number of independent Muslim taifa (kingdoms). After 1031, Córdoba lost its prosperity and fame and became an isolated city. The "ruling elite" were well known for their "disinterest in the outside world ... and intellectual laziness. (BTW, Destiny is an excellent Egyptian movie about the times of Al-Mansur.)
+1
level 71
Feb 1, 2018
Constantinople is less simple, basically the numbers every 100 years don't tell the whole story:

In response, the Turks began to move into Anatolia in 1073. The collapse of the old defensive system meant that they met no opposition, and the empire's resources were distracted and squandered in a series of civil wars. Thousands of Turkoman tribesmen crossed the unguarded frontier and moved into Anatolia. By 1080, a huge area had been lost to the Empire, and the Turks were within striking distance of Constantinople.

OTOH:
Under the Comnenian dynasty (1081–1185), Byzantium staged a remarkable recovery. With the restoration of firm central government, the empire became fabulously wealthy. The population was rising (estimates for Constantinople in the 12th century vary from some 100,000 to 500,000). Toward the end of Manuel I Komnenos's reign, the number of foreigners in the city reached about 60,000–80,000 people out of a total population of about 400,000 people.
+1
level 71
Feb 1, 2018
...then continued:
In 1182, all Latin (Western European) inhabitants of Constantinople were massacred. On 25 July 1197, Constantinople was struck by a severe fire which burned the Latin Quarter and the area around the Gate of the Droungarios (Turkish: Odun Kapısı) on the Golden Horn.

etc etc. Better read the long and fascinating history of the city yourself!
+2
level 60
Feb 1, 2018
And now those last 6 cities are on my wikipedia history. I love quizzes like this.
+1
level 59
Feb 1, 2018
Nice to know I'm not the only one!
+2
level 72
Feb 3, 2018
Why was the year 2000 left out of the quiz?
+1
level 73
May 12, 2018
Because the 20th century was when Europe ceased being relevant?

(kidding.. put down your torches and croissants.) I'm guessing that the source only goes through 1900. Though I'm wondering with a title like "3000 years of urban growth" why it doesn't extend back to 900 BC. Maybe QM thought it would be too difficult.
+1
level 72
May 12, 2018
Were there any cities in Europe in 900 BC? Wiki says the ancient Greek city states began to emerge around 800 BC. Can't think of what else there could have been in Europe at that time worthy of being called a "city," though someone can feel free to correct me; I'm certainly not an expert with that time period.
+1
level 43
May 12, 2018
I think that perhaps 900BC would be difficult, but it would be fun to go back to perhaps 0AD
+2
level 73
May 12, 2018
Sure there were. Mostly around the Balkans, where there were many (Athens, Argos, Plovdiv maybe, Lefkandi, Knossos, Kydonia, Thebes), though Larnaca and Nicosia in Cyprus both date to the 2nd millennium BC (going to ignore that the site puts Cyprus in Asia for a second), Lisbon dates to 1200 BC, Cadiz is Spain was settled by Phoenicians in 1100 BC, and there were other cities and settlements here and there. Rome also dates back to at least the 8th century BC and probably much earlier in the form of many unconnected settlements, but didn't really agglomerate into a proper city until the 700s (BC). The biggest problem with guessing the sizes of cities 3000 years ago is that prior to the Romans there weren't many good record keepers.
+1
level 46
May 12, 2018
Should 'Salonica' be accepted for Thessaloniki?
+1
level 43
May 12, 2018
No - but maybe Salonika
+1
level 60
May 12, 2018
Great quiz. Regensburg and Ohrid are seriously obscure – I’m not sure I’ve seen any answer score that low.
+1
level 23
May 15, 2018
Scoring You scored 20/38 = 53%. This beats or equals 62.3% of test takers The average score is 18 Your high score is 20 not sure if it is good or bad but this quiz I really enjoyed.
+1
level 68
May 29, 2018
How is Athens not in any of these lists. I thought it's been a big city since antiquity.
+1
level 64
Aug 4, 2018
Bit surprised Antwerp is missing... apparently their golden age started only after 1500, and ended before 1600.
+1
level 56
Sep 17, 2018
should accept Salonika for Thessaloniki too