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Countries Closest to Europe

Name the countries that lie closest to the continent of Europe, but that aren't considered to be part of Europe.
Excludes Russia; treated as European because most of its population lives there
Quiz by Jerry928
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Last updated: February 21, 2020
First submittedSeptember 12, 2014
Times taken28,084
Rating4.78
3:30
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km
country
miles
0
Azerbaijan
0
0
Georgia
0
0
Kazakhstan
0
0
Turkey
0
14
Morocco
9
70
Tunisia
44
110
Armenia
69
153
Algeria
95
165
Iran
103
259
Libya
161
km
country
miles
321
Turkmenistan
199
363
Egypt
225
392
Cyprus
243
511
Iraq
318
535
Uzbekistan
332
625
Syria
388
713
Lebanon
443
725
Israel
451
789
Jordan
490
970
Saudi Arabia
602
+24
level 73
Aug 17, 2016
Wait just a minute...let me stand back while this Cyprus sized can of worms opens up...
+11
level 70
Aug 18, 2016
Oh how I love Cyprus worms...
+10
level 58
Nov 20, 2016
Turkey worms are pretty good, too. Taste just like regular worms, but better for you!
+2
level 77
Feb 21, 2020
QM welded the lid on the can of Russian worms. Poor worms.
+4
level 56
Aug 18, 2016
Now I'm confused, what day was this quiz featured, because it's not on the front page and it was created three days ago.
+5
level 73
Aug 18, 2016
When it was featured this week, it had some edits done, and the "created" date on a quiz is actually the date of the most recent edit. It was originally created in September 2014.
+9
level 68
Aug 19, 2016
If you really want to have fun, there is an argument that Canada is number 21 (from the Arctic region, Svalbard)
+4
level 59
Nov 17, 2016
France also borders Canada. And Brazil and Suriname.
+9
level 80
Nov 17, 2016
Those countries may border France, but that doesn't make them close to the continent of Europe. Not all French territory is in Europe.
+3
level 61
Feb 17, 2020
France doesn't border Canada. The overseas territory of St Pierre and Miquelon is situated in North America, and is not a considered a part of France, unlike the overseas departments of French Guiana, Martinique, Guadeloupe, Réunion and Mayotte. Brazil and Suriname are in South America.
+2
level 44
Feb 17, 2020
@JackintheBox St Pierre and Miquelon has a certain level of autonomy and a special legal status but nevertheless it is represented in the French National Assembly, Senate and Economic and Social Council. It is one of France's overseas collectivities making it an integral part of France.
+1
level 45
Mar 26, 2020
But it still doesn't border Canada.
+2
level 66
Aug 20, 2019
bags of fun that is
+3
level 69
Aug 31, 2016
Isn't Kazakhstan and Turkey partly in Europe?
+2
level 61
Sep 8, 2016
Same with Cyprus right?
+2
level 45
Nov 17, 2016
Kazakhstan and Turkey are transcontinental countries, so they can be considered part of Europe or Asia...but Cyprus is always considered part of Europe so I'm surprised about them
+6
level 45
Nov 18, 2016
it's geographically in Asia, part of the EU. thats how it is on jetpunk
+4
level 56
Sep 8, 2016
How does Canada not count? I understand where Canada is and where Europe is, the logic behind these quizzes is bizarre to me at best. Europe has a country defined it it as Denmark, Denmark owns Greenland as its territory. Canada is only 210.11 miles or 338.15 km from Greenland in its closest borders. I will concede that Russia is part of Europe but only the western part counts, for a unknown reason.
+1
level 73
Sep 8, 2016
It depends where you draw the North America / Europe divide, since Greenland can be grouped in with either continent. The Wikipedia entry describes Greenland as physiographically part of North America, but culturally part of Europe. (This might start a Cyprus-style debate!). Greenland is just 26 km / 16 miles from Canada at its closest point, in the far north, off Ellesmere Island. And Greenland is not "owned" by Denmark any more than the US "owns" Marshall Islands! Greenland, and the Country of Denmark, are both members of the Kingdom of Denmark.
+1
level 69
Nov 9, 2018
Then surely Greenland, which though Danish, is part of N. America, should count as it is definitely closer to Europe (Iceland and Svalbard) than any of the middle eastern countries (excepting Turkey) are?
+1
level 57
Feb 6, 2020
To stop this argument, I say put it in as an already filled in answer
+1
level 59
Feb 17, 2020
But you can't put "Denmark" (for Greenland) as close to Europe (Iceland), as Denmark is already in the middle of Europe, even if you consider Greenland a part of North America. I find no problems with this quiz at it is.
+1
level 67
Feb 18, 2020
I think it's fine as is, if you start accepting countries that are close to territories of countries that are in Europe then you could argue for the USA because Alaska almost touches the far east part of Russia, and Russia is also partially in Europe.
+2
level 64
Nov 12, 2016
By that logic Brazil, Suriname, China, Mongolia, and North Korea all border Europe because of French Guiana and Russia
+3
level 45
Nov 18, 2016
Suriname and brazil should be on it more than Canada. French Guiana is actually part of France (not as an overseas territory), whereas Greenland is highly autonomous (and it keeps geting more autonomous)
+1
level 57
Nov 5, 2019
It is part of France, but it is not on the European continent, it is in South America so it doesn't count. Same thing goes for Ceuta and Melilla, which are parts of Spain in Africa
+2
level 58
Sep 22, 2016
I tried Russia and it didn't work, so I concluded that transcontinental countries apparently wouln't count. But then I missed Turkey :( Maybe you can say something about the transcontinental countries in the notes?
+2
level 73
Sep 22, 2016
Fair point; we'll add a note to the instructions.
+1
level 44
Nov 17, 2016
Yeah but Russia borders Europe, Asian part of Russia borders European part of Russia
+1
level 44
Nov 17, 2016
And if you consider whole Russia to be European, than North Korea borders Europe and you should add it to this quiz
+1
level 49
Nov 17, 2016
Yes, North Korea borders Russia, but it is thousands of miles from the European part of Russia.
+1
level 49
Sep 23, 2016
What about Mali and Mauritania? They are close to the Canary Islands (See Countries Closest to Spain). Technically, aren't they close to Europe?
+1
level 40
Nov 2, 2016
Thats what I thought.... much closer than Saudi Arabia etc.
+1
level 73
Nov 2, 2016
Spain straddles two continents geographically - the obvious European part, but Ceuta, Melilla and the Canaries are part of Africa. Culturally, you could make a case for all of it being European.
+2
level 72
Oct 10, 2016
Some of the Middle Eastern countries here are measured to Rhodes, which I think is dubiously considered Europe. Yes, it's Greek, but it's much closer to mainland Turkey (which is here considered Asian) and should probably be treated in the same way as Cyprus (i.e. not part of Europe). Otherwise, you'd have to take the Canary Islands into account as mentioned above- they're owned by Spain despite being closer to Africa.
+1
level 87
Nov 17, 2016
Still need to clarify the comments... If Russia is "treated as European", then lots of countries (China, for instance) should be on with distance of 0km. Also, Morocco is 0km from Spain (Ceuta).
+2
level 71
Nov 17, 2016
Ceuta is in Africa, not in Europe, and that Russia is treated as European doesn't mean, it's wholy in Europe.
+2
level 59
Nov 17, 2016
Basically what it's saying is that Kazakhstan is Asian, but it borders European Russia so it counts as 0km. Same for Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan. Russia is ignored as a quiz answer, and for geographical calculation, because its size and borders mean that it falls into a grey area in terms of whether it's in Europe or Asia, and answering "China" may be technically true but isn't the point of the quiz.
+1
level 63
Nov 18, 2016
Nice answer, Corrode!
+1
level 48
Mar 24, 2018
politically yes. but GEOGRAPHICALLY NO NO NO....Siberia is in Asia..
+1
level 34
Nov 17, 2016
Cyrpus is European and part of the E.U. How do you count it as not??
+2
level 85
Nov 17, 2016
This map might help you out.

This is an unambiguous definition of the European continent that is independent of political geography. The countries of Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkey, Georgia and Azerbaijan contain territory inside this definition, and therefore are 0 miles away from the continent of Europe. Cyprus and Armenia are completely outside the continental borders.
+2
level 37
Apr 6, 2019
Cyprus is 243 miles from Mainland Europe. Georgia, Kazakhstan and Turkey all 0 miles away from Europe are in Asia. Morocco (9 miles away), Tunisia (44 miles away), and Libya (212 miles away), are all in Africa and are all closer to Europe than Cyprus.
+1
level ∞
Nov 1, 2019
Adding to the above... there are 12 non-European countries closer to Europe than Cyprus. There are 2 continents (Asia, Africa) closer to Cyprus than Europe.
+1
level 73
Nov 1, 2019
Can I offer another suggestion to stir into this well-stirred pot? After having visited (both halves of) Cyprus, I think it's truer to consider the southern Republic of Cyprus, which is aligned with Greece as well as being an EU member, as European, and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, which is aligned with, er, Turkey, as Asian. The cultural difference between the two halves is massive, even though you can freely pass back-and-forth between them as a tourist. (By the way, if you want to count all of Greece as in Europe, that leaves Europe, by dint of Καστελλόριζο / Kastellorizo, as closer to Cyprus than Africa).
+1
level 66
Feb 17, 2020
And to add an apparent point that has be left out so far. The E.U is not the same as the continent of Europe . The EU is an organisation, just like NATO and the UN are organisations. The basis for the EU is economic while NATO is more about defense.

Originally the EU consisted of only 6 countries, currently it has 27 members (still much less than there are countries in Europe). Norway for instance, is definitely in Europe but not part of the EU. French Guiana for instance is not in the European continent, but as an integral part of France, it is in the EU

+2
level 67
Nov 17, 2016
Man, a lot of people here seem to not know where the continent of Europe is. It's nowhere near China.
+1
level 49
Nov 17, 2016
+1
+1
level 25
Nov 17, 2016
when googled. It says cyprus is part of the EU
+1
level 44
Nov 17, 2016
So what? Greece is part of NATO, does that mean Greece is a Northern Atlantic country?
+2
level 60
Nov 17, 2016
And Australia gets a gig at the Eurovision Song Contest.
+1
level 54
Feb 17, 2020
Yes it touches the northern half of the Atlantic ocean...
+1
level 48
Mar 24, 2018
EU is not a geographical boundary of Europe. other European countries are not member of Europe, so that means they are not part of Europe also???lol
+1
level 37
Nov 17, 2016
What's this with 50% scores for countries that I picked right off and should have 100% on?
+1
level 75
Nov 18, 2016
That's the precentage of all your tries when you took the quiz. If you missed the country on your first try and guessed it the second time, it shows 50%.
+1
level 49
Nov 17, 2016
*CONTINENT* OF *EUROPE*. What is so hard about that? I really thought Jetpunk users were smarter than that.
+1
level 59
Nov 18, 2016
Surely if Russia counts as Europe then all the countries bordering it count as nearest to Europe, including like USA lol.
+2
level 51
Dec 30, 2016
Basically to clarify for anyone wondering why China, Mongolia, Morocco, etc. aren't 0 km/mi even though they border Russia and Spain respectively: I don't think it's a stretch to say Spain is "based" in Europe. On Jetpunk, Russia is also considered to be "based" in Europe because of big cities like Moscow and St. Petersburg. However, when you're a transcontinental country, just because you're based in one continent doesn't mean the rest of your country is also in that continent. This is obvious with Russia; most of it is clearly in Asia. It's also why many islands in the Caribbean aren't European (geographically) but, well, Caribbean. All of the transcontinental answers on this quiz (Kazakhstan, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Turkey) are not counted as part of Europe (despite having land in Europe) because they are considered to be "based" in Asia. And Cyprus, well... that's just Cyprus for you. Hope this helps!
+1
level 33
Mar 22, 2017
Ye, it helps.
+1
level 33
Mar 4, 2017
Cyprus? What?
+1
level 32
Mar 21, 2017
you should probably remove turkey or add russia cause eitherwise it's just confusing
+1
level 56
May 29, 2017
Doesn't Spain have territory on Africa? Shouldn't Morocco be 0?
+2
level 73
May 29, 2017
It does, but as you say, it's in Africa!
+1
level 46
Jan 31, 2018
Got 100% on first try with 2:12 left, could cut out some time
+1
level 54
Feb 2, 2018
If Russia is split by the Volga River, then Kazakhstan is further than 0km away from Europe
+1
level 66
Feb 17, 2020
The Volga river is not the border it is the river Ural (and the Ural mountains). After a bit of searching I finally found a good picture which shows the rivers clearly as well as the border. (Without too much clutter) Click here to show map
+2
level 48
Mar 24, 2018
i think people here with a lot of questions on mind should know first the geographical border of the continent Europe. try to do some research/search and effort pls. not just any nonsense questions/ arguments.
+1
level 35
May 21, 2018
Got them all with 2:02 left :)
+1
level 53
May 9, 2019
Why isn't Australia on here?
+1
level 24
Feb 17, 2020
Australia is in Oceania, over hundreds of miles away lol
+1
level 64
Feb 17, 2020
Suriname, Guyana and Brazil as per French Guiana.
+1
level 66
Feb 17, 2020
Since when is the continent of Europe in the continent of SouthAmerica?
+1
level 61
Feb 17, 2020
And Madagascar, Mozambique, Mauritius etc. as per Mayotte and Réunion.
+1
level 70
Feb 17, 2020
If Russia is excluded, how can Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Geirgia be said to be 0Km away?
+1
level 61
Feb 17, 2020
Kazakhstan and Georgia* border the European portion of Russia (west of the Ural Mountains). (However, Kazakhstan also borders the Asian portion of Russia—east of the Urals, but that is irrelevant.) Uzbekistan is not 0 km away from Europe.
+1
level 31
Feb 17, 2020
spain borders morocco
+1
level 61
Feb 17, 2020
But Ceuta and Melilla (exclaves of Spain) are located in Africa, not Europe.
+1
level 46
Feb 17, 2020
This quiz is a hot mess where the taker is trying to determine what the author intends rather than any factual information.
+1
level 57
Feb 17, 2020
Yeah, but the resulting discussions are fun, right?
+1
level 61
Feb 19, 2020
You're suggesting this quiz is not factual?
+1
level 31
Feb 17, 2020
“This quiz will treat Russia as Europe since most of its population lives there” You admit Central Asian countries because of that. Why is N Korea left out? Japan? N Korea has a land border. Japan is near to Sakhalin Island. I’d bet S Korea is close then other picks too. And maybe China though I’m not sure about that corner at the Korean Pennisula.
+1
level 57
Feb 17, 2020
I'd add Russia as an answer, and change the comment to: "A country is only correct if it is near the continent of Europe, or near the European part of a multi-continent country such as Russia or France." That would eliminate China, Suriname, etc. while leaving Turkey.
+1
level 54
Feb 17, 2020
Missed Cyprus, it’s in Europe tho so idk what this quiz is
+1
level 58
Feb 17, 2020
Quite confusing in some cases, strongly depends on ideas about geographical Europe. Had 'm all quite quick, except Kazakhstan. Although by the rules set Kazakhstan/Georgia/Armenia/Azerbaijan and such make sense, still feels misplaced. Other point, if it is something that borders Europe, Morocco should also list at 0, given th 2 autonomous regions Spain has in Morocco. I assume these are excluded like Greenland is. But....if all of Russia is counted (therefore including Kazakhstan and likewise) then why is the gap of the Bering Strait not also used, putting America close to?
+1
level 55
Feb 17, 2020
Isn't Canada technically closer over the North Pole? it's also very close to Denmark
+1
level 73
Feb 17, 2020
1196 km from Canada to Svalbard.
+1
level 65
Feb 17, 2020
Cyprus has definitely always been considered part of Europe, not Asia. Turkey has a piece of Europe as part if it! So these countries cannot be considered outside Europe.
+1
level 73
Feb 17, 2020
Not so. It can be debated either way. When I visited Cyprus last year (nice country, by the way), I was struck by how different culturally politically the (southern) Republic of Cyprus and Northern Cyprus are. Give the former leans towards Greece and the latter to Turkey, you could make a case for putting the continental divide along the north-south partition ine.
+1
level 78
Feb 19, 2020
not really leaning so much as the south was occupied by Greece and the north occupied by Turkey.
+1
level 73
Feb 19, 2020
Not quite. The southern Republic of Cyprus has had, over the years, many pining for "Enosis", or merger with, Greece. Northern Cyprus in turn would like to merge with Turkey, but neither Greece nor Turkey wants to take that step. But each half of Cyprus makes its wishes known in a subtle way: in the south, national flags are always flown in pairs on adjacent flagpoles - the Cypriot one next to the Greek one, and in the north, the flag of Northern Cyprus is always next to Turkey's, like this.
+1
level 23
Feb 18, 2020
goddamn cyprus
+1
level 37
Feb 18, 2020
If you are not counting Cyprus as Europe, why count Malta - it’s closer to Africa?
+1
level 45
Mar 26, 2020
Malta is 513 km away from Tunisia (what I think is the closest African country to it) while the distance between Malta and Sicily is 219 km. So Malta geographically is closer to Europe, unlike Cyprus.
+1
level 61
Feb 19, 2020
Kazakhstan, Armenia and Georgia are also partly located in Europe, but a majority of their populations are located in Asia.
+1
level 35
Feb 20, 2020
Libya is ~260 km from Gavdos and ~295 km from Crete.
+1
level 73
Feb 20, 2020
Thanks - quiz is being updated.
+1
level 35
Feb 21, 2020
Also, not sure how you're measuring Uzbekistan - it looks like it's about 395 km from the Ural River near Atyrau and a bit less than 600 across the Caspian.
+1
level 73
Feb 21, 2020
We're using the Russia/Kazakh border as the boundary, but yes, if you take the continental border as running through Kazakhstan, then distance reduces to 393 km / 244 miles, at, as you say, the Ural River near Atyrau. Either way, Uzbekistan is on the list.
+1
level 60
Feb 21, 2020
Why is Palestine not listed? (Here comes another torrent of arguments!)
+1
level 73
Feb 21, 2020
When Dan relents, and aligns this website with Sporcle, and with recognition by most of the world's countries, and UN observer status (it would have been full status except for a veto threat by the US), Palestine will appear in 18th place at 762 km /473 miles.