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Cities with the Biggest Economies

Name the fifty urban areas with the largest economies.
According to the Brookings Institute, 2014
Urban area, not city proper
We filled in the Rhine-Ruhr, because no single city is the center of the agglomeration
Quiz by Quizmaster
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First submittedJanuary 9, 2012
Last updatedMarch 5, 2019
Times taken50,301
Rating4.71
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GDP
City
$1,617 bil
Tokyo
$1,403 bil
New York City
$1,016 bil
Los Angeles / Riverside
$846 bil
Seoul
$836 bil
London
$743 bil
Guangzhou / Shenzhen
$715 bil
Paris
$671 bil
Osaka
$616 bil
Washington D.C. / Baltimore
$594 bil
Shanghai
$563 bil
Chicago
$553 bil
Moscow
$506 bil
Beijing
$491 bil
San Francisco Bay Area
$485 bil
Rhine-Ruhr Area
$483 bil
Houston
$431 bil
Sao Paulo
GDP
City
$416 bil
Hong Kong
$413 bil
Dallas
$404 bil
Mexico City
$372 bil
Tianjin
$366 bil
Singapore
$364 bil
Nagoya
$360 bil
Boston
$349 bil
Istanbul
$347 bil
Philadelphia
$339 bil
Suzhou
$327 bil
Taipei
$321 bil
Amsterdam / Rotterdam
$321 bil
Jakarta
$316 bil
Buenos Aires
$316 bil
Chongqing
$312 bil
Milan
$307 bil
Bangkok
GDP
City
$297 bil
Busan
$294 bil
Atlanta
$279 bil
Mumbai
$276 bil
Toronto
$268 bil
Seattle
$263 bil
Miami
$262 bil
Madrid
$254 bil
Brussels
$233 bil
Chengdu
$232 bil
Wuhan
$230 bil
Frankfurt
$223 bil
Sydney
$220 bil
Munich
$220 bil
Hangzhou
$212 bil
Wuxi
$211 bil
Minneapolis
$209 bil
Qingdao
+9
level 59
Jan 4, 2014
The capitals of countries are easy. It's just hard to remember all the American and Chinese cities here.
+1
level 50
Jan 9, 2014
Strange data. San Francisco #27?? A metro area with 7 million people that includes all of Silicon Valley, the East Bay and the city itself? How come Washington, with a smaller population, be above SF? Or Houston, or Dallas. Good quiz, it's just the data can be a little suspicious.
+1
level ∞
Jan 10, 2014
The DC metro area is huge. Depending on who is doing the measuring, it is bigger than San Francisco, Houston and Dallas. It is also home to the federal government, the payroll of which dwarfs the tech industry.
+1
level 66
Mar 1, 2014
only nyc,chicago, and losangeles are larger metro areas than dallas and Houston. They are 4th and 5th on the list respectively.
+1
level 24
May 24, 2014
DC isn't bigger than Toronto.
+1
level 66
Jul 29, 2014
going by MSA, Dallas and Houston are 4th and 5th respectively. By CSA, Washington is 4th, then Dallas and Houston. I think Washington metro has a valid argument to be 4th MSA, since Baltimore is excluded in the MSA stat. Driving from Washington to Baltimore is just about identical distance as Dallas to Fort Worth.
+2
level 70
Apr 23, 2019
The people closest to the money pile always pay themselves the best no matter how useful they are. The tax dollars in DC are obscene.
+1
level 44
Apr 17, 2014
Finally, 50 with 3:50 to spare. I almost always ended up 47, 48 and 49.. :) Great quiz, thanks!
+1
level 18
May 21, 2014
It's really curious to see that Rio is often the 1st guess when people think about Brazil ... when actually Sao Paulo is much bigger.
+2
level 68
Dec 1, 2014
I think it's just because it's easier for some to type, haha
+1
level 69
Aug 31, 2015
Well, when I think of Rio, I think of Christ the Redeemer, the favelas on the side of the mountain, the copocabana and carnivale. But I don't know anything about Sao Paulo other than the face that it's big and in Brazil.
+2
level 72
Jul 10, 2014
Berlin? Rome?
+10
level 73
Jul 15, 2016
Karachi? Canberra? What game are we playing???
+4
level 48
Sep 3, 2018
lmao Canberra is tiny
+2
level 41
Apr 23, 2019
Berlin has just a lot of inhabitants, they arent really that strong in economy nor are they really rich
+1
level 66
Aug 7, 2014
For the life of me I couldn't think of Taipei. I was thinking Taiwan but just couldn't come up with the capital! Ugh! :( Missed several others as well, but that one bothers me. :( Great quiz, QM! Keep up the fantastic work!!!! :D
+5
level 76
Mar 30, 2015
For some unknown reason, I typed Constantinople. I cannot believe how stupid I feel right now....
+4
level 67
Apr 5, 2016
And old
+12
level 73
Jul 15, 2016
Give the guy a break...he's at least 563 years old. Dude's lucky he can see the keyboard.
+4
level 48
Apr 23, 2019
Is it the new name of Byzantion? I can't keep up with these constant changes...
+1
level 61
Dec 9, 2015
40/50 - Challenging and fun! I managed to get Fukuoka, Chongqing, and Busan yet missed Buenos Aires, Istanbul, and Bangkok!
+1
level 37
May 29, 2016
I like how this has turned into an argument about the 5 biggest cities in America. I was always taught this: New York City, Los Angeles, Chicago, Dallas, Phoenix.
+2
level 79
Jul 26, 2016
Funny. I have always thought NYC, LA, Chicago, Houston, Philadelphia as the top 5. Maybe depends on what the list was when you were in elementary school? Past the top 3, they do change over time.
+1
level 59
May 29, 2016
Chungking should be acceptable for Chongqing
+1
level 67
May 29, 2016
I was surprised to see Seoul at No. 4, I can't think why they have such a large economy almost as large as Los Angeles and more than London.
+2
level 69
Jul 6, 2016
Having far more people than London or Los Angeles helps. As does being the capital of one of the world's largest economies at the heart of one of the major global regions for trade and industry.
+2
level 69
Jul 6, 2016
For the record, Wikipedia (citing Korean government sources) lists Seoul as the world's fourth largest metropolitan area. WorldAtlas.com lists it as the fifth largest. South Korea's per capita GDP of $35,000 would certainly imply, given Seoul's enormous population, that it should be one of the world's largest city economies.
+1
level 56
May 29, 2016
Easy if you know your Chinese and American cities, otherwise a PITA.
+3
level 34
May 29, 2016
Suzhou is a large city just west of Wuxi and Shanghai. It has a population of around 10 million people as well as its very own metro system.
+1
level 55
Mar 4, 2019
And I LIVE THERE
+1
level 61
May 29, 2016
No Lagos?
+1
level ∞
Jun 17, 2016
The GDP of the entire country of Nigeria is only 500 billion or so. Seeing as the Lagos area has about 10% of the population of the country, it's likely that Lagos is not close to making the list.
+1
level 61
May 29, 2016
I got Busan but missed Hong Kong, Singapore, Seattle, and Istanbul.
+1
level 76
May 29, 2016
I got all of those. Busan used to be the headquarters for global megacorporation Samsung (I think they've since moved to Seoul), and it is still a major industrial center.
+1
level 60
May 31, 2016
Fun quiz. Surprisingly no Dubai and no Abu Dhabi. And I thought the city of Detroit was broke...
+2
level 76
Jun 11, 2016
Considering that it's the hub of the gargantuan and once-hegemonic American auto industry, the fact that it is now in last place on a top 50 list is a bit of a shame and indicative of how far the city has fallen.
+2
level 75
Jul 3, 2016
Looks like Qingdao just edged it out in the updated quiz. The twilight continues.
+1
level 69
Jul 6, 2016
I missed some obvious ones (got every Chinese city on here except for Beijing). I am skeptical of some of these figures, though. Is Brussels really that large? Belgium's per capita GDP is only 80% of Australia's and Brussels' metro population is 1.8 million vs 4.9 million for Sydney. I expect Sydney is disproportionately wealthy compared to Australia and to a greater extent than the same may apply to Brussels vs Belgium as a whole. Given this it seems rather remarkable that Brussels has a larger economy than Sydney. Also, what's happening with Germany? German cities much smaller than Berlin make it on, but the capital itself doesn't. Is it really that much poorer than the rest of Germany? Berlin has about twice Hamburg's population - is Hamburg more than twice as wealthy?
+1
level 71
Aug 6, 2016
I'm not impressed with the Brookings Institute's notion of a metro area. Amsterdam is 49 miles from Rotterdam, over an hour by road.
+1
level 60
Aug 9, 2016
Most definitions of urban areas are liberal. In the U.S., Dallas and Forth Worth, San Jose to Oakland, Washington to Baltimore, Los Angeles to pretty much anywhere in its region are all around that distance. Hell, I grew up in a town 35 miles from Atlanta and people would still say they were "from Atlanta."
+1
level 37
Sep 3, 2016
^ true. A city is a really loose definition and can have many different outcomes depending on how you look at it. For example, an easy way would be the city's metropolitan area, but many other places start to merge in, Such as Washington - Baltimore or Dallas - Forth Worth, and then you could just keep adding in towns and villages that straddle the area. Another way would be the actual city, but then London would have a population of around 7,000, as the London metropolitan area is made up of boroughs that are actually UK counties, with only the city of London being an actuall 'city'. It's difficult to have 1 straight idea of a city's population, because different sources use different definitions, and it ends up with big debates, as everyone has different ideas from looking at different sources. I think metropolitan area is the best way, but it still does have problems. Woah I wrote loads :D
+1
level 68
Apr 13, 2018
Why is Amsterdam/Rotterdam count as only 1 city when it's two different ones! The Netherlands isn't that big and they are "only" about 50km apart from each other but that doesn't mean it can be count as 1!
+1
level 62
May 1, 2018
Has this been updated for 2018, or are we working with old data?
+1
level ∞
Mar 5, 2019
No. Unfortunately the Brookings institute decided not to share their data when they released their 2018 report. The report actually kind of sucks because they only show changes, not the actual values.
+1
level 55
Mar 4, 2019
I live in Suzhou! :)
+1
level 77
May 9, 2019
Me too (for now, I travel around)! Which part?
+1
level 59
Apr 23, 2019
Never knew Shanghai, Wuxi, and Suzhou were different metropolitan regions. When I just looked on Google maps it seemed fishy, but flipping to satellite mode revealed clear suburban walls separating the three.
+1
level 72
Apr 27, 2019
missed brussels and the korean cities (shame) and the least guessed chinese (oh well)
+1
level 32
May 1, 2019
As a Minneapolis resident, I typed in my city while not expecting it to make the list. But we made it in at #49!
+1
level 39
Jun 25, 2019
These figures combines financial economy and real economy (goods and services produced). I don't think London and New York would rank high without financial economies. One have to bear in mind that many banks have their headquarters in London city for secrecy reasons (ability to avoid taxes in tax havens in Cayman islands etc.) and New York because proximity for Wallstreet. Big part of this money goes to speculative derivatives, which are more "productive" in financial sense than investing in real economies in UK or US. In contrast in China there are trillions of dollars invested in building infrastructure and services: high speed railroads, cities, hospitals, schools etc. I have traveled almost 60 countries in world including exotic places like North Korea and lived in China for years but nothing is as horrible as roads and rail roads in UK and USA. They are like 21 years ago in China, when I was there for the first time. Even Japan's high speed rail looks ancient compared to Chinese.
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