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Communist Countries Quiz

Can you name all the countries of the world that have ever been run as a single-party Marxist state?
Some of these countries no longer exist!
Warsaw Pact signatories in red
Quiz by Quizmaster
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Last updated: July 23, 2019
First submittedDecember 28, 2012
Times taken169,400
Rating4.71
4:00
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 / 26 guessed
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Years
Country
1978 - 1992
Afghanistan
1946 - 1992
Albania
1975 - 1992
Angola
1975 - 1990
Benin
1946 - 1990
Bulgaria
1979 - 1989
Cambodia
1949 - present
China
1959 - present
Cuba
1948 - 1990
Czechoslovakia
1949 - 1990
East Germany
1987 - 1991
Ethiopia
1979 - 1983
Grenada
1949 - 1989
Hungary
Years
Country
1975 - present
Laos
1924 - 1992
Mongolia
1975 - 1990
Mozambique
1948 - 2009
North Korea
1945 - 1976
North Vietnam
1944 - 1989
Poland
1970 - 1991
Rep. of the Congo
1947 - 1989
Romania
1969 - 1991
Somalia
1967 - 1990
South Yemen
1922 - 1991
Soviet Union
1976 - present
Vietnam
1945 - 1991
Yugoslavia
+10
level ∞
Nov 17, 2016
This quiz has been majorly revamped to include all communist countries in history. Please let me know if there are any errors!
+8
level 70
Nov 17, 2016
I saw only one. Yugoslavia never was Warsw Pact country.
+8
level ∞
Nov 17, 2016
Derp! Fixed.
+5
level 59
Mar 2, 2017
Maybe this should be added? https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tuvan_People's_Republic
+5
level 62
Mar 2, 2017
No, it was only recognized by Mongolia and the USSR. Not much of a country to me, more like a puppet nation.
+3
level 42
Jul 22, 2017
San MArino, I think was commie in the early '50s.
+11
level 56
Aug 16, 2017
They did (as part of a ruling coalition), but San Marino remained a multi-party democracy - this quiz is asking for countries that have ever been run as a single-party Marxist state.
+1
level 67
Oct 11, 2019
True, but it's a good reason to change the title, which employs a distinctly Cold War definition.
+4
level 38
Oct 13, 2017
If I am not mistaken, Grenada was socialist under Maurice Bishop, not Communist.
+2
level 59
Apr 1, 2018
Well, socialism is a type of Marxism.
+9
level 45
Jul 20, 2018
Socialism is completely different to Marxism. Like samiam1955 said Marxism is a radical branch of socialism. Why can't people understand this!
+2
level 41
Oct 2, 2019
@CaoMaru It's the other way around : socialism (as well as communism) is a branch of Marxism
+1
level 70
Oct 11, 2019
isdaril, tell that to Charles Fourier and Henri de Saint-Simon.
+2
level 45
Oct 11, 2019
isdaril, that's not true. Marxism, Communism, and Socialism are all different things, you can argue about how similar they are, but they are all different. Look it up.
+1
level 67
Oct 11, 2019
I appreciate the need to make the distinction, but there's nothing to look up. Anyone who gives you unassailable definitions probably hasn't studied these things much. Even Marx once said, when asked to place himself, that one thing he knew for sure was that he wasn't a Marxist.
+1
level 29
Jul 1, 2018
I think Bangladesh under one-party BAKSAL rule from January to August 1975 shall be considered communist dictatorship.
+2
level 43
Oct 17, 2018
why isn't venezuela here?
+2
level 45
Feb 11, 2019
Because it is socialist (theoretically anyway), not communist. And yes, there is a big difference.
+4
level 53
Jul 28, 2019
Also, there's a big difference between a multi-party state where the elections are skewed in favor of the governing party and an actual one-party state.
+1
level 68
Oct 14, 2019
The USSR had elections. Guess who won.
+2
level 39
Sep 2, 2019
I think Madagascar was communist as well.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Democratic_Republic_of_Madagascar check this see if I am wrong. Also the Wikipedia page of communist states clearly shows Madagascar on it.
+1
level 69
Oct 11, 2019
I agree with this and feel Madagascar should also be added.
+8
level ∞
Nov 17, 2016
Note: North Korea dropped references to Marxism from its constitution in 2009.
+4
level 61
Mar 1, 2017
I was just going to ask about that...
+3
level 67
Mar 2, 2017
Semantics, haha.
+7
level 77
Aug 20, 2018
None of these countries were every truly Communist. It was always about semantics. Since Communism is impossible anyway, it's only ever going to be an excuse to transfer power, property and privilege from one group of greedy, corrupt, self-serving elites to another group of greedy, corrupt, self-serving elites by a different name and espousing a different flavor of BS. They mostly use Communism as an excuse for oppressive autocracy; but many of these countries that abandoned "Communism" are still corrupt and autocratic.
+1
level 67
Oct 11, 2019
True. I'd add that many of these states were led by groups with at least some affinity to communism (defined in numerous ways that were not about autocracy) at early points - often extinguished even before reaching power.
+2
level 70
Nov 17, 2016
Good Job! Very nice quiz
+6
level 80
Nov 20, 2016
Nicaragua?
+5
level 69
Nov 25, 2016
I think it would be reasonable for North Vietnam to not automatically fill in after typing "Vietnam". By the way, just an idea for anybody who fancies making a new quiz: the same thing, but using modern day borders would be pretty cool, so you'd have to type all of the countries that made up the USSR instead of just USSR.
+4
level 82
Dec 4, 2016
It would be interesting to add a column listing the number of their own citizens that these worker's paradises had to kill to keep the ruling elite in power over the years. After a while, an observer can see a pattern of revolution -> societal failure -> oppression (usually mass murder) -> collapse or serious reform to keep elite in power. The only truly communist county would have only one person left after the dictator had to murder everyone else to keep them in line.
+14
level 63
Dec 6, 2016
No, a true communist country would be run for the benefit of the people. But unfortunately there are always power-hungry people willing to exploit others for their own gain.
+4
level 44
Dec 14, 2016
Agreed
+6
level 47
Sep 13, 2017
Has there ever been a communist country that was really beneficial to its people? Cuba? The economy stinks. USSR? It's economy tanked and the rich live grandly while the poor suffer. China? Maybe a better example but much of the gains have been as a result of capitalist reforms. Vietnam? Socialism has had more success but democracy is still the least worst.
+5
level 53
Jan 24, 2019
Most countries have communist and socialist elements. Most countries have capitalistic elements too. Democracy has nothing to do with economics, it's just the way decisions are made (and a true democracy would be very tedious if not impossible).
+2
level 45
Oct 11, 2019
^ Exactly. The key point is that all countries have elements of these three systems, some have larger parts of one than the other.
+3
level 66
Nov 20, 2017
Really makes me wonder why people like Bernie Sanders want to install communism in USA. It makes me wonder if they honestly don't recognize that communism has never worked in the past, or if they simply have a more dark motive and want to destroy the West.
+29
level 71
Jan 27, 2018
Yes, that's EXACTLY what Bernie Sanders said. So glad we're not resorting to hyperbole or anything.
+5
level 45
May 24, 2018
You do know that communism is very different from socialism, right?
+14
level 77
Aug 20, 2018
And democratic socialism, which is the only thing that Bernie Sanders has ever championed and then not very strongly, isn't even the same as socialism, which isn't the same as communism, which isn't the same as the Stalinism/Maosim etc that these countries were actually practicing. But don't try to explain that to someone who thinks that Bernie is a Communist.
+1
level 70
Oct 11, 2019
Yeah, if Trump is literally Hitler then Sanders is literally Stalin.
+1
level 74
Jul 5, 2018
Eskimos lived as communists for centuries.
+3
level 43
Oct 17, 2018
eh, i wouldn't say communist, but rather communal, like many tribes were(and are).
+1
level 45
Oct 11, 2019
And please don't use the word eskimo.
+1
level 70
Oct 11, 2019
It might be better to explain why eskimo shouldn't be used and what the preferred term is. Many people probably don't know that. To quote Wikipedia, 'Some people consider Eskimo derogatory because it is popularly perceived to mean "eaters of raw meat" in Algonquian languages common to people along the Atlantic coast.' and 'In Canada and Greenland, "Inuit" is preferred. Inuit is the Eastern Canadian Inuit (Inuktitut) and West Greenlandic (Kalaallisut) word for "the people".'
+1
level 44
Dec 14, 2016
20/26, not bad
+1
level 44
Aug 5, 2018
Tried it today, 24/26. Improvement!
+1
level 27
Dec 19, 2016
Tuvan People's Republic?
+1
level 62
Jan 22, 2017
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_socialist_states
+1
level 26
Feb 21, 2017
Great quiz! Got 18/26
+1
level 47
Mar 1, 2017
Could a version be made with a blank map of the world? Is there one for Nato/Warsaw pact nations?
+2
level 77
Mar 1, 2017
oh man... how'd I forget Ethiopia. I even went to the museum in Addis Ababa about the Derg.
+2
level 62
Mar 1, 2017
When you get Grenada but miss Romania...
+1
level 47
Mar 1, 2017
Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania were Soviet vassal states during the Cold War.
+3
level 49
Mar 2, 2017
Bro, they were part of the Soviet Union - not vassals or satellites like Poland, Hungary and Czechoslovakia.
+1
level 17
Aug 28, 2019
They changed governments right before the invasion of their countries, they should be included
+1
level 33
Mar 9, 2017
What's South Yemen?
+14
level 77
Mar 10, 2017
If I had to guess, I'd say it's the southern part of Yemen.

I don't have to guess... both because I already know and I have this thing called the Internet.
+2
level 34
Sep 13, 2017
South Yemen was a Marxist-Leninist one party state on the Arabian peninsula from 1967-1991.
+1
level 40
Nov 19, 2019
The bit under North Yemen.
+2
level 48
Mar 16, 2017
Quite a few surprising ones on here. Never thought this would include Grenada.
+1
level 38
Oct 12, 2018
Grenada should not be included because it was Socialist, not Communist (and several earlier commenters have explained the difference quite well)..
+1
level 30
Apr 5, 2017
Yugoslavia was socialist, not communist. they were non-alligned during the cold war
+1
level 45
Oct 11, 2019
Just because they were non-aligned doesn't mean they weren't communist.
+1
level 13
Apr 9, 2017
North Korea is still communist
+1
level 67
Apr 28, 2017
I tried Zaire first, because that's what the country was called during the communist days. Maybe it could be added as a type-in?
+3
level 62
Jun 26, 2017
You're thinking of the DRC, the communist country was the Republic of the Congo
+1
level 34
Apr 28, 2017
Zaire? Nicaragua? Republican Spain? Tannu Tuva?
+3
level 37
Jan 17, 2018
Zaire is the DRC, the communist one is the Republic of Congo Nicaragua is not considered communist (yet) Republican Spain was democratic
+1
level 34
Jun 25, 2018
Yeah, I didnt see Congo in the list even tho I typed it.
+1
level 39
Jun 13, 2017
Wow that was harder than I thought it would be, interesting though!
+1
level 52
Aug 16, 2017
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bavarian_Soviet_Republic might be fun adding Bavaria, as it a communist style government was introduced between 1918-1919
+1
level 55
Sep 13, 2017
I don't think China is truly communist.
+3
level 70
Sep 13, 2017
None of those countries are "truly" communist, i.e for the fact, that they are countries.
+2
level 77
Sep 22, 2017
There will never be a truly Communist nation as the ideas of Karl Marx have been proven wrong and the proletariat revolution he envisioned will never happen.
+1
level 31
Sep 28, 2017
Accept Germany for East Germany
+1
level 38
Oct 12, 2018
All of Germany was not Communist, only the Eastern part (or the German Democratic Republic)
+1
level 56
Sep 30, 2017
What about Madagascar?
+1
level 19
Apr 15, 2019
Madagascar isn't communist! I mean... I'm pretty sure it's not....
+1
level 28
Oct 13, 2017
What about Russia?
+3
level 44
Feb 14, 2019
USSR
+1
level 33
Oct 21, 2017
It is missing North Korea.
+5
level 77
Nov 24, 2017
What about the United States 2009-2017?
+6
level 38
Jan 24, 2018
Oh, please!
+3
level 21
May 13, 2018
Nice one kalbahamut
+1
level 47
Sep 2, 2019
I truly hope you're joking
+1
level 57
Oct 11, 2019
Obama's presidency should definitely count
+2
level 16
Dec 7, 2017
North Korea is actually Juche which rules by divine mandate and against the principles of communism, it is not true communism and therefore should be removed. It is more similar to Imperial Japan as the Kim dynasty are depicted as gods and has a cult following, pretty sure religion is not promoted in such a society and is hypocritical to many aspects of real communism, where Atheism and Non-religious institutions are favoured instead of.
+1
level 14
Jan 2, 2018
@Thanasi, Russia isn't a Communist country, The Soviet Union (which took up a large part of Russia) was.(yes I know my Soviet history.Hunt for Red October 4 life)
+1
level 31
Jan 15, 2018
What about Burkina Faso 1984-1987?
+1
level 35
Mar 13, 2018
Please accept the typo 'Czechslovakia' for Czechoslovakia.
+2
level 60
Aug 20, 2018
Slovakia didn't belong to us :D we were two countries united into a federation. The "o" in between connects two words; for instance "black and white"/"black white" is "blackowhite" (černobílá) in Czech
+1
level 49
Mar 16, 2018
Ukraine was part of the USSR why isn't it included? Im not reading a million comments either..
+14
level ∞
Mar 16, 2018
If you can't bother to read anyone's comments why should they bother to read yours?
+8
level 77
Aug 20, 2018
Also, your estimate of the number of comments here is off by 999,927
+3
level 45
Jul 20, 2018
It's not included because it was PART OF the USSR
+1
level 56
Mar 26, 2018
I’d say there’s a case for Nicaragua, Rep Spain and Venezuela making this list.
+3
level 59
Mar 27, 2018
republican spain was never communist, the communist party dind't even win the elections in 1936 (they were a lot of left-wing parties toguether) Anyway, it asks for a single marxist party
+1
level 60
Aug 20, 2018
I agree, we learned about Venezuela being a communist (socialist) country. However, I don't know how much Marxist propaganda they use (if any) and if it's of any importance to this quiz
+2
level 62
Apr 13, 2018
Here's hoping this quiz never has to be updated!
+4
level 12
Jul 7, 2018
Yeah, hopefully it will be merged with "Countries of the World"!
+1
level 63
May 31, 2018
Wasn't Madagascar communist as well? https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Democratic_Republic_of_Madagascar
+1
level 34
Jun 25, 2018
I thought that Paraguay and Nicaragua were communist
+1
level 38
Oct 12, 2018
Nicaragua, yes. Paraguay, no.
+1
level 67
Aug 20, 2018
Shouldn't South Yemen be in red?
+1
level 32
Oct 12, 2018
Khiva, which was never part of imperial Russia, had its own revolution and became the Khorezm People's Soviet Republic in 1920. It was annexed by the Soviet Union in 1924. Therefore I think it should be included as a communist country that existed 1920-1924.
+1
level 60
Nov 8, 2018
Wasn's Zanzibar communist?
+1
level 46
Feb 10, 2019
I see an awful lot of countries that used the word 'Communist' as an excuse to crush their opposition but when it can time they weren't really communist...just totalitarian Govts that took from many and gave to a few. The so called 'communists' of countries like North Korea, China, Russia, Cuba all managed to live in palaces whilst other starves. I don't think any country ever achieved true communism and am not sure it could ever be done as power will inevitably end up in the hands of a few who will inevitably exploit that.
+1
level 61
Feb 15, 2019
I think North Korea still communist
+1
level 65
May 28, 2019
Where is Nicaragua? It's a de facto single party Marxist state. Same for Venezuela.
+1
level 31
Jul 6, 2019
Grenada was communist for 4 years?! XD
+1
level 38
Aug 6, 2019
^ It was not. It was Socialist. What led to Maurice Bishop's assassination in 1983 was that his deputy, Bernard Coard, wanted to embrace hard-core communism, ala Cuba, and Bishop did not.
+1
level 57
Oct 11, 2019
It was a single-party Marxist state, which is the definition this quiz is using for Communism.
+1
level 27
Aug 26, 2019
not joking,... i forgot NORTH KOREA
+1
level 54
Oct 11, 2019
Why did almost all of them abandon communism between 1989 and 1992?
+2
level 77
Oct 11, 2019
The collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, which was presaged by the many Soviet-friendly regimes in Eastern Europe and around the world falling out of favor and losing power starting in the late 80s.
+1
level 54
Oct 13, 2019
I think I know why they fell out of favour prior to their collapse, with them in Europe and Afghanistan but why did the others in Asia and Africa?
+1
level 77
Oct 14, 2019
Many of those regimes were supported by the USSR. When the USSR began to fail, that support got cut off, and eventually the motivation for them to identify as Communist went away, even when they stayed in place enforcing roughly the same policies. In other cases, the Communist regimes in these places were murderous and oppressive and after a few years or few decades of this locals rose up against them.
+1
level 54
Oct 15, 2019
Out of curiosity, which nations had murderous and oppressive communist governments which fell because of locals rising up against them?
+1
level 77
Oct 15, 2019
To various degrees... Ethiopia, Romania, Poland, etc. Ethiopia maybe being the most clear example as the Derg were eventually ousted by the Ethiopian Civil War. Some of these regimes were not quite as bad and some of the uprisings against them took the form of social protest or peaceful political movements in opposition.
+1
level 55
Oct 12, 2019
Ethiopia was ruled by the Communist Derg from 1974-87 as well, it should be for 74-91
+1
level 28
Nov 19, 2019
What about Allende's Chile? And Nicaragua?