Top 10 Most Islamic European Countries

Name the 10 European countries that have the highest percentage of Islamic residents.
Not counting Turkey
Percentages based from Pew Research Center (2017) and Wikipedia
Quiz by tomato
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Last updated: April 21, 2021
First submittedDecember 21, 2014
Times taken61,881
Rating4.47
1:45
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%
Country
95.6
Kosovo
58.8
Albania
50.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina
33.3
North Macedonia
19.1
Montenegro
%
Country
13.4
Bulgaria
10 – 15
Russia
8.8
France
8.1
Sweden
8
Austria
+20
Level 65
Nov 7, 2017
Interesting idea, and some difficult answers!
+33
Level 82
Feb 18, 2018
Answers 1-6 and #8 are just the countries in Europe closest to Turkey. They all had territory that was part of the Ottoman Empire. The only reason that Greece isn't on the list is because of the population exchanges that took place after Greek nationalists succeeding in breaking away from the empire.

Answers 7 and 9-11 are here because of immigration. #7 mostly because of large numbers of immigrants from their former empire in North Africa, 9-11 because they are countries with small populations that receive a disproportionate number of Muslim immigrants.

+13
Level 26
Jun 18, 2020
Yeah umm...

The 6th one was Russia, and it wasn’t a part of the Ottomans. Also France as an Ottoman area? Oh dear.

And the fact that there’s not an 11th place

+4
Level 66
Jul 3, 2020
Nah. The population exchange happened after the Greco-Turkish War which was after WW1, 100 years after Greece's independence. The exchange was pretty unfair though. It was like 1.5m Greeks/Christians to 0.5 Turks/Muslims.
+1
Level 82
Jul 19, 2020
So did the population exchange take place before or after Greek independence?
+2
Level 82
Mar 14, 2021
Nordic: over 2 years passed since I left that comment. You didn't think that maybe the quiz changed in that time? Oh dear. Also Russia is very close to Turkey and has territory that was formerly the Ottoman Empire look at a bloody map.
+7
Level 68
Jun 1, 2021
I think it is time for you to stop spreading rubbish here and there.

Greeks seeked liberty when they revolted against the Ottomans, they weren't just nationalists as you prefer to call them. When you for example fought a war against the British you didn't attribute it to nationalism. You speak of freedom, liberty etc and all kinds of nice moral stories.

And as someone else commented already the population exchange happened a century later...yet there are still Muslims in Greece but apparently too little to make this list.

+1
Level 82
Jun 1, 2021
Almost too barmy for me to reply to, but I'll just say that the birth of the concept of Nationalism is usually traced back to the French Revolution in 1789, which, since I assume you've never opened a history book in your life, I'll helpfully add was 13 years after the American declaration of independence (some historians says the latter inspired the former), but (interestingly and mysteriously for those who don't understand what Nationalism is) this was before the Serbian revolution (1804), Norwegian independence movement of 1814, Greek war of independence (1821), Croatian national revival (1830), Belgian Revolution (1830), Polish and Lithuanian Revolutions (1830), German and Italian unification (both completed in 1871), birth of Zionism (1897), and modern Turkey (1923), etc. Huh. That's weird, isn't it? I wish there was some way to read about this stuff. seems like it may be connected...
+2
Level 82
Jun 1, 2021
Greek Nationalism ... good starting point... even though the tenuous connection this article tries to make between ancient Pan-Hellenism and modern Greek nationalism (even generously ignoring the fact that these things were in no way related) is ridiculous on its face as the concept of Nationalism was not born until the 18th Century at the earliest. Probably written by a Greek. Still... at least they understood what the word meant by the 1800s. and, you are a Greek nationalist btw even if you don't understand what this means. Americans in the 1700s did not think of themselves as a single common people with a shared culture and history and identity. Even if nationalism as a concept had been available to them (it wasn't), the people of the different colonies didn't think of themselves in those terms. That doesn't make their fight for independence better or worse. Sorry to so inflame your ego.
+6
Level 82
May 12, 2019
The answers have changed but the quiz is still easy. Now the first seven are all countries that are close to Turkey that have territory that used to be Ottoman-controlled, and the last three are countries that have received a disproportionately high amount of Muslim immigration.
+6
Level 66
Feb 5, 2021
I don't really think Islam in Russia is related to the Ottomans or its geographic closeness to Turkey. It's probably more to do with their closeness to the Caucasus Mountains and Central Asia. For example, the Wikipedia page for "Islam in Russia" seems to imply that the Tatars and related groups converted to Islam pretty early on, and that the growth of Russia's Muslim population really came with their conquests in Siberia. Plus, the Ottomans only controlled a small amount of Russia.

For the rest of southeastern Europe though, it's very true that Islam came with Ottoman influence.

+1
Level 82
Mar 14, 2021
The Ottomans were from Central Asia. Might be a link there....
+49
Level 46
Feb 21, 2018
I am surprised that I did not see Vatican City on this list
+2
Level 26
Jul 31, 2019
me too LOL
+7
Level 44
May 8, 2018
So Kosovo is officially recognized as a country now?
+96
Level 82
May 28, 2018
Hey welcome to 2008
+11
Level 73
May 12, 2019
Not really.
+14
Level 45
May 16, 2019
Seems like on Jetpunk yes, internationally still more disputed... :|
+39
Level ∞
May 11, 2019
I deleted practically all the comments on this quiz. It's a controversial topic, so if you decide to post please be extra polite. And both sides of the "argument" were equally impolite, so please don't take this as evidence that your "side" is right.
+9
Level 82
May 12, 2019
I'm not on a side and some of my comments survived. I must be right.
+2
Level 18
Jul 31, 2019
Quizmaster, just because comments are controversial does not mean they should be deleted. Can we not agree to disagree?
+28
Level 66
Jul 31, 2019
He doesn't delete comments for being controversial. He deletes them for being rude. Usually controversial issues get people fired up, and rudeness ensues.
+4
Level 82
Jul 31, 2019
I've seen comments get deleted for being merely controversial and not rude.
+3
Level 65
May 11, 2019
10-17%???
+8
Level 82
May 12, 2019
This means that they are making an educated guess.
+10
Level 78
May 15, 2019
In Russia it varies widely depending on methodology. Some people count simply "traditionally Muslim ethnicities", on the other hand there were some detailed researches asking also about practising a religion and including categories such as spiritual but not religious, religious but not organized (belonging to any church) etc.
+4
Level 74
May 13, 2019
Is the 10-17% for Russia in the European part of Russia only, or in Russia as a whole? Funny that Russia, as a transcontinental country counts, but Turkey does not.
+15
Level 78
May 15, 2019
The argument for this is that most of Russian population is in Europe and most of Turkish population is in Asia.
+3
Level 44
May 7, 2020
But it doesn't change the fact that turkey is in Europe. Maybe just include the European population on the quiz.
+1
Level 20
Nov 29, 2020
Of course, Turkey is partially located in Europe, but to be considered a 'European country' like in the quiz title, it requires to have most of its population within the European continent. Thereby, it's a matter of fact not to include Turkey in any way. Every country belongs to a single continent, so does Turkey.
+3
Level 67
Nov 29, 2020
"it requires to have" ... "thereby" ... "a matter of fact" ... lol do you "hereby claim the state of Michigan" as well?
+1
Level 78
Jan 2, 2021
It is up to the quizmaker to decide, there's no ultimate answer, that's why it has to be noted in caveats. All I said is that there's a valid argument for such a decision, but it could be also different.
+1
Level 34
Oct 23, 2020
If Turkey is included as an European country, so should be Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan too since they are also partially in Europe
+4
Level 61
Jul 31, 2019
Would have never guessed Austria and I am Austrian😂😂😂
+7
Level 45
Jul 31, 2019
Austria really surprised me, because I live in an Austrian city called Linz, and I haven't really noticed many more Muslims than in Germany!

Otherwise, great quiz! The easiest was obviously Albania, due to the thumbnail...

Do you have quizzes like "Most Islamic Asian/African/American Countries"? That would be cool to know. :-)

+3
Level 52
Jul 31, 2019
Yep follow link: https://www.jetpunk.com/user-quizzes/116566/most-islamic-countries-in-americas
+3
Level 52
Jul 31, 2019
And this one: https://www.jetpunk.com/user-quizzes/149667/five-most-islamic-countries-by-continent
+1
Level 66
Feb 5, 2021
I'm also surprised that Austria made it above Germany. I know that in terms of sheer numbers Germany must have more Muslims, but it's still somewhat surprise given that I hear all the time about Germany's huge Turkish population and their acceptance of refugees while I hear nothing about Austria's Muslim population.
+1
Level 62
Jul 31, 2019
Austria and Sweden surprised me. Is it because they're "safer" countries with a lower crime rate for migrants? Surprised UK didn't make the list - Probably because our population is already high
+1
Level 63
Jul 31, 2019
I think the UK is around 4%. It is probably related to the already high population and possibly the reluctance to take in immigrants.
+1
Level 53
Jul 31, 2019
Most of the muslims in UK live in London. Look at the ethnical stats, it's funny to know that nowadays, white English are less than 50% in London ahah
+1
Level 62
Jul 31, 2019
Yeah, large communities in London. But also here in Northern England, towns like Bolton, Blackburn, Oldham, Preston, Bradford, Leeds.. And then big cities like Manchester and Birmingham have many Muslim communities, so thought that rate might have been higher, but I guess as it is a percentage it could be as there's so many people in the UK to start with.
+2
Level 65
Jul 31, 2019
I don't know how you can have such precise datas for France considering it's illegal to make polls demanding people's religion here.
+4
Level 69
Jul 31, 2019
How does any social science research on population differences get done in France?
+3
Level 42
Jul 31, 2019
They don't, the government is too afraid of how people will react if they hear the truth.
+4
Level 82
Aug 1, 2019
If you ask people to volunteer this information is that the same as demanding it?
+2
Level 63
Feb 6, 2021
That's absolutely wrong. The State and public officials cannot ask about religious affiliation, but if you're a private person or entity, you can ask all you want.
+2
Level 60
Mar 6, 2021
It's not illegal. Racial surveys and polls are illegal, but it's not when it comes to religion. For instance, one of the last polls of Ifop was about the Laïcité in high school. There were stats about Muslims' feelings about Laïcité.
+1
Level 25
Jul 31, 2019
The Balkans, except some country (for example Serbia), are correct answers. It isn't a big surprise, if you know that, these countries were part of the Ottoman Empire. The other muslim countries are well-know imigration countries. Russia is interesting. The chechens and tatars are muslims, maybe because the islamic world has big impact on these territories. I'm curious about your opinion in this topic.
+1
Level 82
Sep 17, 2019
The parts of Russia that are majority-Muslim were also part of the Ottoman Empire, or else inhabited by other Muslim Turkic or central Asian people. Look at a map. You'll see Russia is closer to Turkey than Bosnia is.
+2
Level 33
Jul 31, 2019
I got 10/10, Austria was a surprise.
+3
Level 46
Aug 28, 2019
Religion is having a resurgence and it is completely undeserved...it is a sad outlook for free thinkers.
+4
Level 82
Sep 17, 2019
There are always swings on the pendulum. Most of the time it tends toward progress in the long run, though.
+9
Level 66
Sep 27, 2019
Sad to see Austria, Sweden and France making the list.
+9
Level 82
Oct 4, 2019
If France was so worried about this they might have wanted to consider it before colonizing much of North Africa. Austria and Sweden are nice places to live with relatively low populations that receive a disproportionately high number of immigrants. In each of these three cases the present number of Muslims in the country I think points toward some success the country enjoyed in the present or recent past. Each new generation faces new challenges. If these societies are strong they will continue to thrive in the future.
+8
Level 55
Jan 10, 2020
People from Islamic countries do not share the values the majority of Europeans share. In my opinion, all religions are a barrier to progress, and Islam is currently the largest barrier to progress. I cannot see continued levels of Islamic immigration to Europe ending well.

Part of the problem I think is that Muslims tend to stick together in their host country, they stick to their culture and this is definitely a problem.

+6
Level 66
Mar 8, 2020
Why should the modern French pay for the crimes of their ancestors?
+1
Level 82
Apr 25, 2020
Nobody said that
+3
Level 44
May 23, 2020
@stusum You don't think people should be allowed to keep their culture? That's pretty authoritarian.
+1
Level 46
Sep 23, 2020
@purplememes "ancestors", like colonization was 1000 years ago. 80 years ago almost all Asia and Africa still belonged to Europe. This is the beautiful world Europeans created, immigration is part of it. Enjoy.
+3
Level 38
Oct 21, 2020
but North Africa was colonised by muslims in the first place... muslims also colonised South Eastern Europe...
+1
Level 82
May 25, 2021
So what if they did? Was France there to punish Muslims for their imperial past? Or to set up an empire of its own? If the latter (and it obviously was the latter), well there are consequences for doing that. And no, it's not a punishment. It's just observing the fact of cause and effect.
+8
Level 53
Jun 1, 2021
"all religions are a barrier to progress"

This is such a silly uneducated statement.

In fact the opposite is true, up until the 20th century the vast majority of science and technology in Europe and the Middle east was create by religious sponsered organisations and individuals.

It was churches and mosques that promoted studies of medicine, astronomy, physiology and arcitecture through out the middle ages and early modern period.

Even the very concept of human rights and movements like abolisionism was created by christian sects like the quakers.

Just look at how many charitable organisations are christian or mulsim, the red cross, red crescent, save the children, city mission to name a few.

Even ethical consent is religious in origin.

Read a history book or two before making bland infactual statements.

+4
Level 53
Jun 1, 2021
yeah there are way too many reddit atheists here
+2
Level 59
Jun 1, 2021
These people do not belong in Western-Europe.
+2
Level 55
Jun 1, 2021
@Bdubz - I can't recall saying people shouldn't be allowed to keep their culture?

It is not authoritarian to dislike cultures that are overwhelmingly homophobic and sexist and it is perfectly acceptable to wish that anyone who wants to immigrate to the West, will adopt the culture of their host country.

If you disagree with progressive values then I don't want you in my country.

+4
Level 55
Jun 1, 2021
@mizu - Very surprising that religious institutions promoted learning in Europe. It's almost as if the vast majority of people were religious and such institutions had all the wealth...
+2
Level 82
Jun 1, 2021
Yeah, mizu, that's so off... Just because the Church controlled literally everything in Europe for so long doesn't mean that religion generally is not an impediment to scientific progress. Same goes for Islam in the Muslim world. This is like saying the United States and Soviet Union were chiefly responsible for keeping the number of nuclear warheads in the world low because in the 1990s they each agreed to destroy thousands of them while those war mongers in Switzerland didn't get rid of any.
+1
Level 53
Jun 2, 2021
Religion and Science until the 20th century always went hand in hand. People constantly talk about how religion has always worked against science which as pointed out is simply not true.

Yes religion has been used to impede scientific process but to no where near the level that it has supported it and certainly not to the level many often claim.

The idea that religion is bad for society and is responsible for all the evils of the world is wrong and not based on any reality.

.

+1
Level 82
Jun 2, 2021
not all of them. but a lot of them. I think all is a strawman. "a lot" is well documented.
+2
Level 44
May 23, 2020
I'm surprised to not see Spain
+1
Level 34
Aug 14, 2020
I'm very surprised not to see Vatican City...
+1
Level 33
Dec 21, 2020
Kosovo isnt a country
+1
Level 61
Apr 15, 2021
They are a country according to the US and many other countries that believe in national autonomy. If you don't agree with that, well then they probably should be allowed to be a country so they can protect themselves and their culture.
+1
Level 51
Jun 2, 2021
The definition of a country is so broad that no one can tell defiantly if an area is actually a country and not an autonomous area/semi-autonomous area. If your definition is an area where all other "countries" accept it, then China and the Korean Peninsula just don't belong to anyone. If your definition is any autonomous area, then there are over 250 countries.
+1
Level 20
Jun 1, 2021
I'm surprised that Austria is here
+1
Level 41
Jun 1, 2021
doesnt Serbia have like 20%?
+1
Level 34
Jun 2, 2021
Jetpunk doesn't include KOSOVO as a part of Serbia.
+4
Level 57
Jun 1, 2021
Who wants to have a Cyprus argument? Anyone?
+2
Level 66
Jun 1, 2021
It's actually been a long time since I saw that one. Never hurts to dust off the Greatest Hits.
+1
Level 57
Jun 1, 2021
It doesn’t matter to me what continent Cyprus is in. I’d personally say Europe, but I’m fine with the website making it officially Asia.
+1
Level 51
Jun 2, 2021
fine.

Cyprus is a European country because it's culturally closer to Europe, and has been for thousands of years. Its also on the Eur(asian) tectonic plate, and so must be European.

+1
Level 40
Jun 1, 2021
ALBNIA IS BEST ORTHODOX COUNTRY I HATE LIARS
+1
Level 34
Jun 2, 2021
Came here just for the comments
+1
Level 27
Jun 2, 2021
Wait what since when was Kosovo islamic?! XD
+2
Level 51
Jun 2, 2021
Wait. Montenegro exists?
+2
Level 50
Jun 3, 2021
How is Sweden on the list?

Why?

+1
Level 47
Jun 4, 2021
It just is.
+1
Level 55
Jun 8, 2021
Because it has a relatively small population and an overly generous immigration policy.

I'm by no means right wing but it's clear to see that the levels of Islamic immigration European countries are experiencing is a recipe for disaster and Sweden is a perfect example of this.

+1
Level 47
Jun 4, 2021
Forgot about Russia and Sweden