Geographical Misconceptions

Below are some questions relating to geography. These questions may seem easy, but they have answers you might not expect due to false geographical misconceptions.
How tall a mountain is is measured from base to summit.
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Last updated: February 8, 2018
First submittedFebruary 8, 2018
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Question
Answer
What is the capital of Turkey?
Ankara
What is the tallest mountain on Earth?
Mauna Kea
What is the most populous urban area in China?
Guangzhou
In what country was the first city called Perth?
United Kingdom (Scotland)
In what country was Adolf Hitler born?
Austria
Which U.S. state is the farthest west?
Alaska
Which U.S. state is the farthest east?
Alaska
What river is the biggest by the amount of water flowing through it?
Amazon River
What is the most populous city in Europe?
Moscow
Question
Answer
What word would describe Chicago's wind speed compared to the rest of the Midwest?
Average
What is the highest mountain in Europe?
Mount Elbrus
What is the second most populous country in Oceania?
Papua New Guinea
What is the largest airport by air traffic and passengers arriving?
Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International
What is Great Britain's longest river?
Severn
In what county is Leeds Castle?
Kent
What is the capital of Australia?
Canberra
What is the capital of Florida?
Tallahassee
What is the longest road in the United States?
Route 20
+2
Level 64
Feb 8, 2018
How can Alaska be furthest east?
+2
Level 62
Feb 8, 2018
Good question, and I understand why you asked. It is because Alaska's Aleutian islands go over the divide between the western and eastern hemispheres (180 degrees east). This means that the islands on the other side are very much farther east than Maine, the farthest east contiguous state.
+2
Level 71
Jun 24, 2018
I don't understand how most of these are misconceptions. Probably 80% are just common knowledge.