So, in short, no. This is not a comprehensive list. If it were there would be a few thousand answers.
And of course Churchill absolutely belongs on this list but I understand the reason for exclusion.
and while, sure, maybe those PMs you mentioned played a part in international politics during the Cold War, #1 how important were they, really, to how the major events of the Cold War (the conflict and many proxy conflicts between the US and USSR) played out? and #2 I'd be willing to bet money that if I put them on this quiz the percentage of people who guessed them would be in the Faisal - Nagy - Dubcek range or slightly higher.
- The Emirate of Diriyah and the alliance between Muhammad bin Saud (son of the patriarch of the House of Saud) and Muhammad ibn AbdulWahab (the cleric credited with founding Wahhabism aka Saudi fundamentalist aka Salafism)
- ibn Saud's alliance with and eventual betrayal of the Ikhwan.
- T.E. Lawrence's campaign against the Ottomans
- The rivalry between the House of Saud and the Rashidi clan of Ha'il
- AbdulAziz's return from exile and conquest of Riyadh (he did so with 40 guys and some pointy sticks)
- The fall of the Kingdom of Hejaz
- AbdulAziz's summit with Franklin Roosevelt
- King Saud's lavish lifestyle and ouster by his brother Faisal
- Faisal's '73 oil embargo against the West over perceived support for Israel
- the attack on Saudi TV in Riyadh after they showed a woman on air
- the seizure of the Kabaa in 1979 which shocked the country backward toward conservatism
Also, it's incorrect to reduce Salafism to the state-sponsored Saudi fundamentalism, which is only a trend of Salafism. Salafism isn't a monolithic movement but a group of reformist trends that emphasize on thinking religion like the first generations did. This definition is more accurate : http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e2072.
Saudi authorities are very active in propaganda through TV, Internet and books, and because of that, many Salafis see them as righteous Muslims who rule in a very Islamic way. There are however many Salafi groups and individuals who hate them, sometimes to the extent of declaring them apostates (groups like Al-Qaida and Daesh are prime examples).
There also are many people influenced by Salafism but avoid calling themselves Salafis, as the term is often linked to notions like sectarianism, close-mindedness, misogyny, violence, terrorism, etc.
#1 concern was clarity.
#2 was just my personal whims.
I wasn't trying to be political or controversial.
There are a lot of answers to get in the time, and a good chunk of them are dammed tricky to spell. I didn’t even get finished as I struggled with spelling quite a few of them, the Ayatollah being one.
Also, any reason why you don’t accept “Valensa” as a type in? That’s how I have always seen his name spelt in the British media.
Great idea fir a quiz though.
It could do with more time though, I don’t know if you have added any since my post, I haven't had time to retake yet.
Nehru was the key figure in Non-aligned movement enough in Cold War to appear on this list
Honecker would have made sense to include. Sorry.
Meir was PM of Israel during the Yom Kippur War. Soviet allies Syria and Egypt invaded Israel who by then was being reluctantly backed by the United States - in part as a response to spreading Soviet influence in the region. The war threatened to involve both super powers and could have turned the Cold War into a hot one pretty quickly. When the Israelis chased out the invaders and were within striking distance of both Damascus and Cairo, largely to avoid Soviet intervention, the US pressured Israel into withdrawing.
Begin was significant mostly for signing the peace treaty with Anwar Sadat of Egypt. A treaty that has lasted until this day. Sadat and his predecessor Nasser were Soviet-friendly, but after making peace with Israel he pivoted to the West and brought Egypt into the American sphere. One of the most significant developments in the Middle East during the Cold War.
So... all of them are on here for a reason and worth knowing about if you want to understand the history of the Cold War. The Soviet leaders I left off... not so much.
I saw Nagy and Dubcek were removed; I think they both would be great on this quiz. A couple of West Germans and Africans would be good, too. Maybe Nkruma or Mobuto Sese Seko or Idi Amin.
Maybe you could argue that he did more while not a head of state than he did while he was... but still... ::shrug:: he's not on here because of any love I have for Israel or Jews.
I'm gonna leave this one as is for the foreseeable future. Thanks for the input regardless.
2nd world = USSR or Soviet-aligned
3rd world = not aligned or not strategically relevant.
Over time people noticed that the term "3rd world country" was often used to reference very resource-poor impoverished countries without close trade or political relationships with more developed countries like Russia or the USA... and they started to incorrectly assume that this is what the term meant. And that's how the meaning shifted from the original "not aligned with the USA or USSR" to what's commonly understood today "poor and pre-industrialization." But still most of these countries are in Africa.
The Soviet Union had a bunch of lackey states (for lack of a better word) such as Cuba who would vote their way in the UN or even judge Olympic events corruptly if the need was there.
But, ideology aside, the USSR was such an obviously inferior partner because they had far fewer resources. If I was the corrupt leader of a Third World nation in the 1980s, I would have been throwing myself at the feet of the U.S., promising to root out Communists, and basking in favorable trade deals and foreign aid. It was just such an obviously better deal.