Then were the United States of América and then they used American as if there was only one country.
However, the logic wants us to say American whatever to what refers to the continent (or both continents if you don't use the geological definition) and US something when it refers to the country.
Only US citizens don't see it like that but the etymology and the need to be less confused do.
About Lorraine, just one third in the North known as Moselle was annexed by Germany. Most of Lorraine remained French
Also, I live in India and know that many regional languages of India such as Bengali, Tamil, Punjabi, etc are also recognized as official languages. Although English and Hindi are mainly used for government use, I suggest that it would be better to specify.
Also Turkey is European country and Ankara is more farther then Athens.