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Countries of Europe in 1870 with a Map

With the help of a map, can you name all the countries of Europe that were independent in 1870?
Includes de facto independent entities.
Quiz by Dekkie
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Last updated: February 13, 2024
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First submittedJune 3, 2020
Times taken32,355
Average score82.8%
Rating4.85
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Empires
Austro-Hungarian Empire
French Empire
Ottoman Empire
Russian Empire
 
 
Kingdoms
Bavaria
Belgium
Denmark
Greece
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Portugal
Spain
Sweden
United Kingdom
Württemberg
 
Principalities
Andorra
Liechtenstein
Monaco
Montenegro
Romania
Serbia
 
 
Grand Duchies
Baden
Hesse
Luxembourg
Confederations
North German Confederation
Swiss Confederation
 
 
Others
Papal States
San Marino
+2
Level 51
Aug 31, 2020
100%

!

+3
Level 55
Sep 14, 2020
I guessed Northern Confederation maybe it could become a type in?
+4
Level 74
Sep 22, 2021
It should, or at least some other terms. Not Prussia! Or Germany, for that matter. These are not the same. But "North German" or "Northern German" would be a tolerant approach to the right answer. I tried "North Germany", "North Germany Alliance" and "North German Confederacy" since I didn't know the English word. Now if someone could explain the difference between a confederacy and a confederation...
+11
Level 55
Sep 22, 2021
Clearly you didn't, considering "North German" is literally an accepted type-in.
+5
Level ∞
Nov 6, 2023
I added Prussia as a type-in.

The "North German Confederation" was a de-facto state that only existed between 1867–1871.

Now that this quiz has been featured via nominations, it feels not suitable to require such an exact type-in.

+3
Level 74
Mar 3, 2021
What's up with the color scheme for Romania and Serbia? They appeared a shade of green so I figured I didn't have to guess them.
+8
Level 55
Mar 3, 2021
This is mentioned in the caveat, but I'll explain anyway: They were nominally part of the Ottoman Empire at the time, however de facto independent as the Ottomans basically no longer had any control over them.
+8
Level 74
Mar 3, 2021
Maybe you should use a different color scheme because though I read the caveat, I didn't know that that plot of land hadn't been guessed since it it was a shade of green.

I don't know, just my thought. Or just don't turn it any shade of green until it's been guessed? Either way, nice quiz

+3
Level 60
Jun 25, 2023
I would like to second this. Could you mention in the caveat that those are marked as light green or change the color scheme?
+2
Level 65
Apr 9, 2021
27/29 first attempt. Nominated! However, one of the countries I missed was the North German Confederation. I get that it might've been completely different from all of the later German nations, but I find it reasonable to accept "Germany".
+7
Level 55
Apr 9, 2021
"North German" is already accepted. This state wasn't a fully unified German state and I think adding "Germany" as a type-in would ruin the point of the challenge.
+1
Level 65
Apr 9, 2021
Ok, fair enough.
+1
Level 39
Feb 10, 2024
I got 28/29 on my first attempt. I guessed Holy See and Vatican City but only Papal States is accepted apparently
+1
Level 73
Feb 10, 2024
Well because that country was not called "Vatican City" or "Holy See" yet. The term Vatican began to be used after the Lateran Treaty (1929) that legally set the Papal state as confined to the Vatican Hill (and thus the name Vatican City).

(Or de facto since the Papal state has become 'Prisoner in the Vatican' since Italy conquered Rome)

Before this conquest, the Papal state was not equated as the "holy see" (which is a term for the role of the Pope) yet.

+3
Level 65
Apr 9, 2021
Andorra could use one of those little circles.
+2
Level 55
Apr 9, 2021
Done.
+2
Level 60
Apr 19, 2021
Great quiz, so underrated, NOMINATED!
+1
Level 55
Apr 19, 2021
Thanks!
+1
Level 51
Jul 15, 2021
why isn't north confederation accepted?
+6
Level 55
Jul 15, 2021
Because that wasn't the name of the country.
+5
Level 52
Nov 28, 2021
I like the square flags in addition to the answers — very aesthetically pleasing.
+1
Level 44
Jun 29, 2022
got 100%
+1
Level 37
Aug 28, 2022
Sneaky hesse,
+2
Level 60
Jan 4, 2023
The Württemberg-Bavaria border looks wrong to me for some reason, it looks squiggly compared to the maps I see online.
+3
Level 77
Jun 23, 2023
It's wild that this hasn't been featured yet. It's probably because of Wurttemberg... What the heck is a Wurttemberg anyway?
+8
Level 55
Jun 23, 2023
Württemberg was one of the many German monarchies that survived throughout the ages of the Holy Roman Empire (albeit partitioned quite a bit throughout the years), into the Napoleonic era and then through the final years before German unification. Not too long after this, in the very beginning of 1871 during the Franco-Prussian War, it would join the North German Confederation along with Bavaria, Baden and Hesse to form the German Empire, the first modern unified German nation state.

Today, it exists merged together with Baden as the subdivision of 'Baden-Württemberg'.

+3
Level 51
Oct 18, 2023
I guessed all of them other than north German confederation.
+5
Level 72
Nov 7, 2023
Why would this have to be updated? It's not like the answers have changed.
+2
Level 55
Feb 10, 2024
The date updates even if you add a single type-in. It doesn't reset the quiz unless you add more answers.
+1
Level 72
Nov 10, 2023
“Hess” as an acceptable type in?
+4
Level 43
Jan 19, 2024
Wasn't Norway a part of Sweden at this time?
+4
Level 55
Jan 19, 2024
In personal union and thus de facto two states sharing a common monarch.
+2
Level 25
Feb 10, 2024
there was city state not on the map on that time. Neutral Moresnet (1816-1920)
+3
Level 55
Feb 10, 2024
Moresnet was unfortunately not an independent state. It was a neutral condominium under Belgium (Netherlands before 1830) and Prussia.
+3
Level 56
Feb 10, 2024
Could you accept NGC for North German Confederation?
+2
Level 55
Feb 10, 2024
This should work now.
+2
Level 7
Feb 10, 2024
gottem all in 1:16! i am a history nerd and a quite fast typer thats prob why it was so fast
+1
Level 28
Feb 13, 2024
The flag of "papal states" is incorrect. As the current flag shown under papal states is the flag of the vatican. Meanwhile the "papal states" flag is slightly different.
+1
Level 55
Feb 13, 2024
Technically it is wrong, yes. It was the merchant ensign for the Papacy, but at the time this quiz was originally created it was incorrectly shown and listed as the national flag of the Papal States from 1825 to 1870 in a lot sources. It should be replaced with the de facto civil flag with the next update.