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History by Letter - C

Name these historical people, places, and things beginning with the letter C.
Technically, one of these is prehistoric
Last updated: April 25, 2016
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Hint
Answer
Stabbed on the Ides of March
Julius Caesar
He was looking for India but
found America instead
Christopher
Columbus
Capital of the Byzantine Empire
Constantinople
Greek-Egyptian female pharaoh
Cleopatra
Period that followed the Jurassic
Cretaceous
King of the Franks from 768;
founder of the Carolingian Empire
Charlemagne
African city established as a
Dutch supply station
Cape Town
Country devastated by Pol Pot
Cambodia
British PM, 1940-1945
Winston Churchill
Drug used by Sigmund Freud
(and Sherlock Holmes)
Cocaine
Medieval Christian attempts to
capture the Holy Land
Crusades
"Ism" promoted by Karl Marx
Communism
Hint
Answer
"War" between the USA and the USSR
Cold War
French theologian who started a
branch of Christianity, named after him
John Calvin
"Great Sage" of Chinese philosophy
Confucius
Discovered heliocentrism
Nicolaus
Copernicus
Group whose priests were called druids
Celt
British explorer who died in Hawaii
James Cook
Rome's largest amphitheatre
Colosseum
Ancient rival of Rome located in
modern-day Tunisia
Carthage
Invention of Eli Whitney
Cotton Gin
Insane Roman emperor who
followed Tiberius
Caligula
Polish-French discoverer of Polonium
Marie Curie
Site of a 1986 Nuclear Disaster
Chernobyl
+3
level 60
May 19, 2014
Great quiz! Churchill was also Prime Minister from 1951 to 1955, though that term was obviously a little less memorable.
+2
level 61
May 20, 2014
Thanks! I'm glad you liked it!
+1
level 77
May 24, 2014
The Celts were a civilization, not a "group"...
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level 76
Jun 18, 2014
Aren't they by definition a group though?
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level 48
Jun 18, 2014
Actually I think Celt was a bit of a catch all term used by Roman Chroniclers for more or less anyone north of the Alps. It's only fairly recently been used to mean people from pre Roman Britain. I could be wrong but I'm sure I remember reading it was used in an 18th century play to give a name to the people who built Stonehenge and the name just stuck. Britons or Welsh would be more accurate really, but seeing as we all know what it means I guess it doesn't really matter.
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level 65
Jun 24, 2014
No, Celts are a distinct civilisation with cultural particularisms, and a common language that is still alive today in Ireland, Wales, Britanny, Scotland.
+2
level 77
Oct 16, 2014
Exactly. They had roads and citites, and a formidable army. They almost destroyed Rome around -390, and the romans copied their armors to finally dominate them. When Caesar finally beat them around -50, they were relieved... why do you think Caesar has become so legendary? After that, because the romans were quite nasty, they tried to erase any trace of civilazation before them and to display the celts as barbarians, but recent studies indeed show that they were the first great civilization in northwestern Europe.
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level 44
Jan 16, 2019
The Celts were an Indo-European speaking group from eastern Europe who migrated west around 1 000-500 BC. There were other groups in the area beforehand, who were even at the time distinguished as different from the Celts, like the people of Aquitaine.
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level 55
Jun 1, 2014
100%! I love these!
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level 75
Jun 3, 2014
Thank you for creating this quiz! I'd like to suggest a minor change. For me, the most natural way to read the Calvin clue was that he intentionally founded a new branch of Christianity. But this was never his intention. His work did lead to many denominations in the reformed branch but this was after his lifetime. I know it's probably trivial but, though I disagree with much of his theology, I do think that it's more accurate to say something like: French theologian who created a system of thought that lead to reformed Christianity Or something like that.
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level 65
Jun 18, 2014
I agree with you, but while we're being trivial, it's probably also misleading to say he created a system of thought. He built upon previous reformers and older church fathers such as Augustine. He was certainly one of the most important reformers and wrote an influential systematic theology. Maybe an even better question might be: French reformer for whom a branch of Christian theology is named.
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level 75
Jun 12, 2014
fairly easy as I got 100% with 2:21 to go.
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level 65
Jun 18, 2014
We literally learned about all these people/events in my world history class this year. What do you know, school actually coming in handy for once :D
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level 41
Jun 18, 2014
I would change the format of the question to "Medieval Christians attempt to capture the Holy Land' Change the letter s from attempts to Christian
+2
level 82
Jun 18, 2014
But as there were three crusades, attempts in the plural is a better clue.
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level 37
Jun 19, 2014
There were nine crusades in all
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level 75
Jun 21, 2014
The total number of crusades is arguable. Some say six, some say seven, others are adamant there were nine, and some say 30 or more if you include the lesser ones.
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level 75
Jun 28, 2014
Does that include Campus Crusade?
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level 48
Jun 18, 2014
But what they're looking for is definitions, not sentences. If you asked, "What are the Crusades?", the answer wouldn't be "Medieval Christians attempt to capture the Holy Land," because that doesn't make sense grammatically. It also makes it seem like it's about the Christians when it's actually about the attempts. (Crusades = attempts (events, occurrences), not Crusades = Christians.)
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level 20
Jun 18, 2014
somehow i read it as polish-french emporer of polonium, confused the hell out of me. also i wanted carl to fit for charlemagne, due to him being named carl in my native language. great quiz!
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level 19
Jun 18, 2014
great quiz
+1
level 52
Jun 19, 2014
Good quiz, but other countries apart from the US were involved in the Cold War with USSR e.g. UK, France, West Germany etc etc
+2
level 75
Jun 21, 2014
That's right, although the US and Soviet Union emerged as superpowers. Perhaps a better clue would include Western Bloc versus Eastern Bloc nations, or NATO vs. the Warsaw Pact nations. (That just reminded me of a great book, _The Spy Who Came in from the Cold_.)
+2
level 59
Jun 23, 2014
quiz: "period that followed the Jurassic..." me: crustacean? wait, no. arrgh what is it! ah, so close and yet so far...
+2
level 65
Nov 4, 2014
Under the sea, under the seeaaaaa - there'll be no expectations, just friendly cretaceous, under the seeeeaaaaaaaaa!
+1
level 75
Nov 5, 2014
Don't feel bad. I kept typing in "Cetaceous" wondering why it wasn't working.
+1
level 59
Jul 4, 2015
+1
+1
level 70
Mar 10, 2016
Oh thank god; I wasn't the only one!
+1
level 55
Apr 19, 2016
You're not the only one.
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level 59
Oct 2, 2016
I typed in crustaceous... several times...
+1
level 14
Sep 23, 2014
Typed in crusade and crusaders but couldn't manage to put an 's' on the end....
+1
level 57
Jun 14, 2015
Columbus never landed in America... He landed in the Caribbean which is why it's now called the West Indies.
+2
level 76
Sep 8, 2015
The Caribbean is in America. Unless you take America to mean the United States of America. America as a political boundary I think tends to incorporate North and Latin America.
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level 38
Nov 26, 2017
Another misnomer brought about by ignorance. Columbus destroyed everything he touched; If not by outright looting and murder, then by the diseases he brought with him. No wonder the people of the Caribbean do not celebrate him.
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level 65
May 6, 2018
Have you ever heard of the Columbus Lighthouse in Santo Domingo? It cost nearly $70M to build. I think most would agree that by today's standards Columbus was a ruthless bastard, but you can't say he isn't celebrated on the Caribbean.
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level 67
Aug 13, 2015
Aristarchus of Samos (b. 310 BC) suggested that the Earth and Planets travelled around the sun and calculated the relative sizes and distances of the Earth, Moon and Sun and stated that the Universe was of infinite size. Copernicus knew of Aristarchus and his work and mentioned him in his notes when writing his book "Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres' ...... but all mention of Aristarchus was removed by the Publishers.
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level 66
Dec 8, 2018
And Copernicus didn't "discover" heliocentrism. He proposed it as a model.
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level 74
Nov 27, 2015
Thanks for making this. Very fun.
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level 75
Mar 4, 2016
+1. Nice mix.
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level 49
Sep 14, 2016
"Medieval Christian attempts to capture the holy land" Is a little weird choice of words. I thought the answer was a person, since christian is in singular form... maybe "Medieval christians" would be better?
+3
level 67
Oct 3, 2016
Christian is an adjective there. If it was a noun it'd likely be possessive.
+1
level 58
Nov 25, 2018
If it's an adjective then it needs no capital letter at the start.
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level 46
Apr 9, 2017
Please accept crusade and confucianism. At least for us non native English speakers it is sometimes hard to write exactly right.
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level 67
Jun 6, 2017
I wish I could write in another language as well as you do in English.
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level 38
May 7, 2018
The fact that one lighthouse on the island he first invaded is named after him does not make him a hero in the Caribbean.
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level 57
Mar 10, 2019
Almost 100%, but sadly, I didn't know anything about Whitney's inventions except the beautiful rendition of 'I Will Always Love You'